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Category: Grammar
  1. Do I have to learn grammar?
  2. Is English Grammar difficult?
  3. What is the difference between 'Would be' and 'could be'?
  4. What's the difference between 'may be' and 'might be' ? Could you please give few examples.
  5. What is the usage of since? Where do you have to use it and how? I heard someone say something like:- 'Since Jan they haven't used it' Normally I say, 'From Jan they haven't used it' Which is correct? Could you please tell me.
  6. What are conjunctions ?
  7. What is the past perfect tense of "The living conditions were not easy".
  8. What is the real diference between to make and to do ?
  9. Jane left a few minutes ago. is this sentence right
  10. I would like to know the answer for the following:- The children_________ to the zoo *were enjoyed taken *were enjoyed taking *enjoyed taking *enjoyed being taken
  11. I don't know how to identify a balanced sentence, can you help me?
  12. a)He wrote a letter in french to his parents. b)He wrote a letter to his parents in french.

    Are both sentences correct? If they are, which one is "more" correct or better sounding? I think a) is correct because "how" the letter is written is grouped with the "letter" object compared to b) where it is at the end of the sentence.

  13. 1) If I tell you "I'm going to Australia next week." (It's not important when I'm going). And let's say your sister had told you the same thing before I told you. It means that 2 people told you that they are going to Australia, doesn't it? I want to say that I'm the second person to have said that, but I can't put it in a sentence. I want to start with "I'm the second one who told you...." I can't say "...who told you that I'm going to Australia." ,can I? Can I say "I'm the second one who told you going to Australia."?

    2) I wrote "Two people told you that they ARE going to Australia." but does it have to be "Two people told you that they WERE going to Australia."? I kind of remember about this changing tense thing, but am not too sure when I have to change it and when I don't.


  14. What's the difference between any and some? When should I used either one?
  15. "please meet to the concerned officer" and "please meet to the officer concerned" my question is " how can i come to know when to use words like (i think theyr adjectives or adverb)concern before or after a noun/subject /object" as there use at wrong places changes the meaning of the sentence, please help me out .

  16. "The bus stopped due to the sliding of nearby rocks over the roads" 0r " The bus was stopped due to sliding of nearby rocks over the road"

    My query is which one is more correct and if the former is correct, why? I know that a "bus" is stopped by someone(driver) it cannot stop itself.

    There are many verbs which are used in this form.

    2. "The bus was stopped by furious mob " is this also correct?
    3. "The bell has rang." is this correct? If yes why - just clarify it for me.
    4. "You have changed " or "You are changed" which one is correct?
    5. "They are past their teens" is this a correct sentence?

  17. Can we use words "would" and "will" interchangably on the basis of merit or situation in some sentences.

    For example:-
    I would help him in his work. OR I will help him in his work.


  18. I was wondering if you have sth about phrasal verbs and an explanation for them.


  19. Do you have an explanation of and any exercises on "been" and "gone" with the present perfect tense?


  20. I would like information about stative and dynamic verbs.


  21. What is the best way to explain the use of could and would to a non-native speaker?
    ie. explain the difference of will and would, can and could as well as the differences of the two words in general in situations such as..could u help me or would u help me..thanks!


  22. 1. How and when to use "By+ving"while making sentences.
    2. How and when to use "perhaps".
    3. Is the sentence written below correct?
    4. Just look at this sentence.


  23. Can I say:-
    "What cost is the one kilogram rice?" (I do not want to use price in place of cost)
    "What cost is the jeans ?"

  24. Can I say:-

    Why is so strictchecking going on here?
    or
    hy is there so strick checking going on here?( use of preparatory "there")

  25. please clear me how to use past participle (sometime it is used before noun and sometime after noun):- 1>i saw a fallen tree. 2> i saw a boy bismered with the blood. 3>docter treated wounded patients. 4>we r walking on a recently constructed bridge (or bridge recently constructed)

  26. Can you please tell me the difference between,a main verb,an auxiliary verb and a modal verb. Thank you.

  27. just tell me how can i get to know when we have to use "verb + ing" form after the words like :- 1>suggest 2> mind 3> trouble. 1 - I don't mind going there. 2 - We have trouble managing our joint account.
  28. 1. To take a shower.

    Here "shower" is a uncountable noun then why don't we use "take some shower".

  29. I wonder if you would kindly clarify a point for me. Is "day" a common or an abstract noun? Many thanks Sal
  30. How should the following sentence be written in Subject Verb Agreement?

    "Each of the instructors are attending the conference next weekend."

  31. Articles

    Is it correct to say?
    "To obtain an HTML coder position"
    or
    "To obtain a HTML coder position"

  32. Please clear this rule :- we normally say "moving car" , "writing pad","rolling stone"," parking area" but we never say "passing marks" ,"junking box". so please make it clear when i should use -ing form and when i should not .
  33. What is a demonstrative adjective?

  34. How many perfect tenses are there?

  35. How do I form the perfect participle?

  36. Please correct me if they are wrong:-

    1> he started learning english in 2004.
    or he strated to learn english in 2004.

  37. What's the difference between an auxilliary verb and a modal verb?

  38. Dear Sir/Madam. Which sentences are correct ? - Everyone has to do his own research, or - Everyone has do their own research Thanks for your reply. Regards, Edy
  39. When to use Should be Should have been Thanks
  40. Hi Should i write: 1. To take a risk 2. To take the risk 3. To take risk Which article is correct? thank you!
  41. Which of the following is correct:
    1. I'm doing martial arts for 10 years
    2. I've been doing martial arts for ten years
    3. I've done martial arts for 10 years

    Thank you!

  42. Please help me to determine the correct sentences below : 1. The trembled children were given a blanket for warmth, or The trembling children were given a blanket for warmth 2. When James noticed the burning building, he notified the fire department immediately, or When James noticed the burnt building, he notified the fire department immediately 3. Dr. Jameson told my brother to elevate his aching foot, or Dr. Jameson told my brother to elevate his ached foot.
  43. When do I use I and when do I use me?
  44. What are the neccessary conditions to form these types of sentences, and are they correct:- 1>i am glad to meet(/see/hear/find/learn of/know of )you. 2>he was uncomfortable to recieve my miss calls. 3> he was scared to commit a crime. ( as "he was scared to see the ghost.")
  45. If I want to refer to a set of solid bodies (Like messages, tables , bags...etc) should I use the pronoun "it" or "them"?
  46. ____you and me,i don't think there was anyone there under thirty. a.including b.apart from. Answer B is right, why can't i choose Answer A?
  47. Auxiliary verbs

    In recent years, the stated policy goal of the United States has been the maintenance of sustainable harvests. "what is the auxiliary verb in this sentence"?

  48. I've got a question on indefinite adjectives and pronouns. I know we use "some" before plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns, and "a/an" before singular countable nouns ("a chocolate cake"). Yet, can we also use "some" before a singular countable noun to refer to "a piece of" something? (e.g. "I'd like some chocolate cake" or "Can I have some of your hamburger?" (a piece of your hamburger). I've always thought this was possible, too, but actually I haven't found this rule anywhere... Thank you for your great service! Annalisa
  49. I know that "fish" is plural and we don't put "es" at the end of this word,however a few times i saw this word written like this "fishes" with "es" at the end. What does it mean? The same is with the word "fruit" sometimes i saw this word written like this "fruits" What is this, how to explain it?
  50. Can we use "will" with "I and We"? What is the difference between "Shall " and "Will"?
  51. My question is: according to the English dictionary is the letter "y" a vowel? My friend so confidently claims it is not, that I'm beginning to have doubts myself!
  52. The thief forced the lock______. A.open B.opened. which answer is right, or both are ritht, is there any differences?
  53. I would like to know the correct usage for past tense of dream.Is it dreamed or dreamt? Thank you
  54. Backtrack to those days where internet (are or were) just bare concepts, and compare it with today’s technologies. Do i use are or were up there?
  55. Could you please tell me how to change this sentence into indirect speech: He said,"God bless you."
  56. I am 37 yrs old and live in mumbai, india. I always like to improve upon my english grammer. But still all of a sudden my son asked me this question on grammer one day and i could not answer. It was embarassing for me. Please clarify my following doubt. What would be the passive voice in a future-continuous-tense sentence. For ex. "i will be playing cricket." Is the passive voice for this sentence "cricket will be being played by me" or something else because i have not heard this construction of sentence. Thanking you. Sanjay Joshi
  57. We say "they hate one another" or "they hate each other". Can you also say "they hate one each other"? 'cause my teacher says so. please explain why or why not. thanks a lot! cheers!
  58. Two questions: what do you call a noun that refers to sexless objects (like cup, book) and (2) what do you call a noun that consists of several words (like Fourth of July)?
  59. In the following "his" is a possessive adjective: "this is his book". Next we have "his" as a possessive pronoun: "this is his". Now, using a proper noun, I assume that in the following "Mary's" is merely the possessive (genitive) case of a proper noun: "this is Mary's book". However, what part of speech is "Mary's" in the following?: "this is Mary's". Thanks.
  60. HELLO I know that we use "'s" e.g. My brother's car or "'" My sisters' bedroom IF WE WANT TO INDICATE THAT SOMETHING BELONGS TO SOMEONE, I KNOW ALSO THAT WE USE THESE CONSTRUCTIONS TO PEOPLE, ANIMALS AND TO EVERYTHING THAT IS NOT A "THING" BECAUSE FOR THINGS WE USE "OF" e.g. THE ROOF OF THE HOUSE instead of HOUSE'S ROOF My question is what about flowers, which construction should i use e.g. FLOWER'S LEAVES OR THE LEAVES OF THE FLOWERS which is more correct??? thank you!
  61. In which category can I find "a lot of" and "lots of"
  62. Do you say "at a corner", "in a corner" or "on a corner"? I've seen "at" and "on", but don't know when each one should be used... Can you, please, tell me?
  63. "I was going to primary school in France" "We were having lunch and then we were doing shopping." Is it better to use past simple in the sentences above, if so, could you tell me why??? It seems to me that almost always we can use past continuous instead of past simple, but is it always OK??? thanks!
  64. Hi to get a WORK or to get a JOB (which is better, and what's the difference) thanks!
  65. Hello Ellie! Thanks for answering my questions. Last time i asked you : to get a WORK or to get a JOB (which is better, and what's the difference) thanks! I just wanted to know what's the difference between "work" and "job" Are these words different, which is it better to use? "I got work" or "I got a job" Do they mean the same? thank you!
  66. What is the correct way to use ( has,have,had) when i have to use it ?
  67. I'd like to know what's the difference between "play piano" and "play the piano"?when to use the former one and when to use the later one? any bigger difference?
  68. What's the difference between "some" and "any" and I need an exercise on them.
  69. In this sentence what is the dangling modifier? While jogging, a good topic for Anton's English paper occurred to him.
  70. Hello Ellie! "Have you ever met a famous person?" "Who did you meet?" or "Have you ever acted in a play?" "What role did you play?" My question is about the tenses. Do i have to use the past simple in the questions above. Could i ask for example "Who have you met" or "What role have you played" Would it be wrong to use the present perfect in both cases??? thanks
  71. I read on my English grammar book the following sentence: "As soon as we get to the meeting, the presentation will have started" I would like to ask you the difference between "when" and "as soon as".
  72. I would ask you the construction of “QUITE”. “I live in A quite big flat” or “I live in quite a big flat” “I have a quite / quite a small kitchen” – where do I a put the article?
  73. When the verb to be comes with the word 'to', what does it mean? For example, "I'm to go."
  74. Too vs enough The bridge isn't wide. We can't drive over it. The bridge isn't wide enough to drive over it. The bridge is too narrow to drive over it. The bridge isn't too wide to drive over it. What is wrong with these? and the last one in particular..
  75. Please can you explain in simple terms what is a past participle? How does the past participle differ from the past tense?
  76. Hi, I am having problems in differentiating between complete as an adjective and complete as a verb at times. Is it correct to say a job is completed, meaning finished or acted upon by using the passive voice? I keep hearing people say it is completed but I am not quite sure if the usage is correct. It is sort of like the store is open, which I figured out to be an adjective. When I say I completed the job, I know I am talking about the past but when it comes to using "is," it is a blur. Please clear this up for me.
  77. What can I do to learn adverbs - comparative and superlative?
  78. Hi Ellie 1."Good to see your getting an education" 2. "There called SONY" I'd like to ask you why do you say or write sometimes "your" instead of "You are" (sentence nr one) And the second sentence "there" instead of "they are called SONY" is it some sort of SLANG just like "gonna" or "wanna"!? thanks
  79. Could you tell me what's the difference between neither and either and giving me some examples? Thank you so much
  80. Hi! I'm a student and the next week I'll have the FCE Examination...I think it's a little bit early for me to take this exam...so I have a lot of doubts. Here are my questions: In which cases I can use "TO" + "a verb + -ING"? I wait for your answer! Thank you very much! BYE!
  81. What is the difference between adjectives ending in -ing and -ed?
  82. When must/can we use 'have had' together? What is the difference between (1)I have to have & I got to have (2) I have to go & I got to go (3) I have something & I have got something ?
  83. Dear Ellie, Why are these verbs - Dare, need, ought to, used to called marginal modals or marginal verbs? What does that mean? Thank you very much.
  84. Dear Ellie, I was studying the meaning of the phrasal verb "to go off" in the dictionary Longman, And I saw the following example: Why did the painter leave his family and go off to live on a tropical island? Should't the verb "go off" here be "went off"? Thank you.
  85. Dear Eliie, Are these sentences correct or do I have to use the "to" infinitive? The only thing I like to do on weekends is "stay" home and rest. Or should it be? "to stay home". One of the things she likes to do after work is "be" with her friends. Or should it be? "to be with her friends". Thanks a lot.
  86. What is the past participle & what is the past perfect tense?
  87. What is an (ed)adjective and (ing) adjective?
  88. Dear Ellie, Can I ask questions like this: Used he to have a house in the country? Is this correct? How can I answer this question? Is it correct: Yes, he used to, or yes, he did? Yhank you.
  89. He started early/he started early on. I'll do it later/I'll do it later on. Which of the above are correct/better?
  90. Dear Ellie, Could you please explain to me what the meaning of "finite and non-finite" sentences mean? Is there a site where I could study the mean of them? Thanks for the help.
  91. As far as i know the words "bread" and "fish" are uncountable. Can i put an indefinite article before these two words that is "a bread" and "a fish" Is it OK? Can i say "two breads" or "two fishes" Sometimes i heard people saying "two beers please" Shouldn't it be "two glasses of beer" for example? Thanks
  92. Do we use the form: prefer to do something rather than to do some thing or prefer to do something rather than do some thing?
  93. What tenses should be used in a sentence such as:he has lived/lived in new york for 2 years but now he lives in london.? i mean what the correct tenses are.
  94. Could I change "we were sitting" in this sentence for "we sat"? Next day WE WERE SITTTING in the car outside the house, when up the road came a tall lean man.
  95. Dear Ellie, Are the verbs "die" in these sentences finite or non-finite? Die, Doctor? That is the last thing I intend to do. Die, traitor! Every man found guilty of treachery pays the penalty. Thanks for your help.
  96. 1.I stop to watch their game. 2.I stop watching their game. 3.I agree to you. 4.I agree with you. What is different between 1 and 2.3 and 4 too
  97. Dear Ellie, Does the word "sleep" belong to the group of nouns called "abstract nouns"?
  98. Dear Ellie, Is "found" in this sentence finite or non-finite? We found him lying by the roadside and were almost sure at first that he was dead. What is the best way to know for sure if a verb is finite or non-finite? Thanks a lot for your help.
  99. What are the 2 comparing forms of the adverb regularly?
  100. In which cases do I have to use "IF" instead of "WHEN" and vice versa?
  101. What's the difference between these two sentences? Mary's been a teacher for 20 years. Mary taught for 20 years.
  102. I'm not sure why and where do I have to use ''a'' in front of these (and simular examples,if you can tell me the rule): He has already discovered many a blues man.
  103. Which option is correct: What time have they arrived? Or what time did they arrive? Is there any difference in meaning? Thanks a lot for the help.
  104. Hello, Ellie I want you to help me with superlatives and comparatives but big and small differences, using, nearly, quite as .. far more, easily, by far, that! please help me! THANK YOU
  105. What is the difference between so+adjective and too+adjective in meaning?
  106. Dear Ellie, I was told that only the personal pronoun "it" can be used to talk about a new born. Is it true? What if I already know the baby's sex? Thanks for the help.
  107. Grammatically, is there any difference between: The bank is planning to open a new branch. and The bank plans to open a new branch. If so, what is it?
  108. What is the diffrence between spite of and despite?
  109. ...Explore entertanment, such as TV and music, on your Windows Vista-based PC like never before. 1. Is there a comparative degree in this sentence? 2. If so, what kind of comparative.
  110. I get confused when to use don't and doesn't.
  111. I get confused in using articles
  112. I get confused when using propositions.
  113. Would you please tell me the difference/s between "a lot of"and "lots of".
  114. I would like to know about the various kind of use of 'would,would be,would have been'in details with example.
  115. i get confused when to use ON, IN, AT
  116. How can I differentiate the usage of ON and IN? Although in some cases it is obvious so as to which one to use, other times it is difficult for me to know because my first language is Spanish and there is only one word for either case "en". Can you help me on this? Thank You.
  117. I get confused when to use WILL and WOULD.
  118. sir i am a beginner in learning english.i dont know when the preposition follows in the spoken english.
  119. You can contract: What´s this?, what´s in the car? what´s your question? But why can´t you contract: What is it? You can´t say: what´s it? What is the explanation here? thank you
  120. I have questions on transitive and intransitive verbs? Are these sentences transitive or intransitive and why? 1. The lion roared at the mouse. 2. Bala ran to class. 3. Jane arrived at school. 4. I am going to school. 5. Jane hid behind the door. Thanks
  121. What is the difference in usage of "As much as" and "The more...,the more..."
  122. Some newscasters on the BBc say: He said that the government HAS decided to take action against corrupt political leaders. Is it correct grammatically?
  123. Q.No.1. What is the difference between the following two sentences? He is working in a school for one year. He has been working in a school for one year.
  124. Hello ! please I want to ask about what's the difference between these sentences:- I had played football in the garden / I had been playing football in the garden / I have played football in the garden
  125. Dear Ellie, I'm facing a problem about expressing preference due to limited sources about it. It's about:prefer..to../would rather..than../would prefer, etc. How to use it and what verb needed? moreover, can we say 'prefer' with 'rather than'? Where can I find some tests covered this topic? I appreciate your help, indeed.
  126. I'm an ESL teacher not by profession, but because I'm a native speaker. In looking for some lessons online, I've recently found things that teach the use of "Can I" rather than "May I" in requesting permission. Have the grammar rules changed for this? When I learned grammar many (many) years ago, "Can I" was absolutely NOT acceptable. Permission requests were ALWAYS expected to be in the form of "May I". Thanks!
  127. Dear Ellie, I really appreciate your work and efforts. I am grateful to you for andwering my questions. kindly oblige me answering one more question. Q.If a person has spent one year working in one place and he is still working in the same place, what will we say? 1. He is working here for one year. 2. He has been working here for one year. Thanks, Muhammad Aejaz Pervez.
  128. Please explain why 'just you and me' or 'for you and me' or 'between you and me' is correct. My boyfriend thinks that these phrases should have 'just you and I.' He doesn't believe that I am right. He says they sound funny with 'me.' Thank you...Karen
  129. A question's been haunting me for a long time.I hav seen people using "would" to refer to Simple Future Tense.BUt as far as i know abt it dat it can be used in indirect speech,as future in the past,for interpersonal uses,past habits,willingness and in conditional sentences.Yes it is true dat sometimes interpersonal uses of "would" sounds Future Tense.But i hav heard people using "would" just to refer to simple future tense where "will" shud hav been used.There was no indication(in their tones/situation) of interpersonal uses or anything dat i mentioned before abt "would".Now, wud u pls tell me if it is grammatically correct to use "would" to refer to Simple Future Tense.
  130. What are the exceptions for the articles a and an?
  131. noun that refers to a sexless objects
  132. A student said, "I will finish my work until tomorrow." He meant he has tomorrow to work as well, not "I will finish my work before tomorrow." What are the grammatical rules & errors behind why "I will finish my work until tomorrow" is incorrect. THANK YOU!
  133. Which of these two are correct. All residents ages 60 and over.... All residents aged 60 and over...
  134. Dear Ellie, Is there any difference in meaning when I say: Whose car is that? And whose is that car? Thank you very much for your help.
  135. What is the Tag question for Never Mind? Could we use "Do I?" as a Tag Question for Never mind? Please reply as soon as possible!
  136. What tense is "have been invited"? It is not "present perfect" because of the "been" but it is not present perfect continuous as there is no "ing" on "invite". Thanks for your help!
  137. We have a disagreement at work. They are using the plural of accomodations and I think it is incorrect. It does not need to be pluralized. It should read accomodation. So that you can book your accomodation at this hotel, rather than you can book your accomodations at this hotel.
  138. I did not see "then/than" in the confusing words site. Can you tell me? Since I probably use them wrong.
  139. I know it's not a complete sentence. What about "I have been invited to the party." Is that also present perfect, even though there is third verb? The third verb doesn't change it? Thank you for your help!
  140. When is MS in salutation appropriate?
  141. which one is correct?a ro b? a. I can do everything to you. b. I can do everything for you. could you give me some detail distinguish ?
  142. IN DIRECT SPEECH WAT ARE THE CASES WHEN THE "?" COMES INSIDE OR OUTSIDE THE INVERTED COMMAS?
  143. Which sentence is correct? Are the books in the bag? Are there the books in the bag?
  144. Where should we use have, have been? I am confused to use this. Please give me a proper answer.
  145. Thank you for your help: a few is (2 or 3 or 4,...) few is 2,.... I have a few books , means, I have .....books.(2/3/4,..) I have few books,means.....
  146. Please let me know :about (many ,a lot of ,some ,...)
  147. Verb/Noun Agreement with passive "to be": Is the sentance properly, "The rest are just details" or "The rest is just details". An explanation would be helpful, too. Thanks!
  148. What is the difference between "in the brochure" and "on the brochure"? Thanks Deannie
  149. Hi Which word is correct? 1. .............a pen and a pencil in the bag? (Is there - Are there ) 2. .............a pen and a map on the desk?(Is there - Are there ) 3. .............a map and two balls on the desk?(Is there - Are there ) 4. ............a pen and three pencils on the desk?(Is there - Are there )
  150. How does one write correctly the posessive form of a word that ends in s in the singular (Genetive) For instance: Santa Claus's sleigh is red. Or is it Santa Clauses sleigh is red. Or something else all together. Thank you Leslie
  151. Where & when to use have & had together?
  152. What is the difference between "going to" and "will"?

  153. Pronoun Case- Is the sentence correct? Pedro Martinez signed a baseball for Chad that he had used in a game.
  154. Dear Ellie, I saw this written in a parking lot of a big Brazilian petroleum corporation: Parking Officer's and visitors. I thought it strange because of the opostrophe after the word officer. Is this correct? I will appreciate your help. Thank you very much.
  155. I've to learn the prefix/suffix for my next Englsih exam...could you help me a bit, is there any rule I can use or do I just have to learn them by heart?^^ Thanks for answering...Joana(15)
  156. What rules exist regarding the use of in vs. on: For example: I have a tumor on my thyroid vs. I have a tumor in my thyroid. I have seen rules for using positional terms with in and on. Thank you!
  157. When to use would and will?
  158. Michael Swan (Practical English Usage) says that 'You are being nervous ' is not a correct sentence. I think it is a correct sentence. When a person is nervous, his state of nervousness increases. So 'You are being nervous' is a correct sentence.
  159. Why is the verb "was" and not an "is" used in the following: THE REDWOOD TREE WAS IMPRESSIVELY TALL?
  160. Explain the difference in the meaning of these 2 questions 1 Have you been to London? 2 Have you gone to London?
  161. When to use 'has had'? Please give me some examples.
  162. I am trying to do verb to noun transitions using suffixes are these examples correct and also how would you write down the process? Agree - Agreement Mean - Meant Hold - Holder Drink - Drinker Swing - Swinging Fly - Flyer Jog - Jogger Drive - Driver Write - Writing Dreamer - Dreamt Throw - Thrower Wear - Wearer Withdraw – Withdrawal Chase - Chased Please help me ASAP Regards J Robinson
  163. Dear Ellie, I saw this written in a magazine: Easy way for who wants to learn English. Shouldn't "who" be "whom" since it is followed by a preposition? Thanks for your help.
  164. Is there a difference (not in meaning, only in form) between the following two sentences and which one should be considered as more correct?: 1. How many viewers watched the tennis final? vs. 2. How many books did you read? Why do we sometimes leave out the auxiliary verb? Is it gramatically correct? Thank you very much for your answer. Dolores
  165. Why do we use the third form of verbs in present tense sentences eg. "Your computer is infected"?
  166. Dear Ellie, Can you enlighten me? I know adjectives qualify nouns. You are my only lover. "only" here is an adverb Only member. "only" here is also an adverb how to distinguish whether the word is an adj or an adv? Is that only a few adverbs modify nouns? Looking forward to receiving your reply. Thanks and Regards, Fan
  167. This door will be locked at 10 o'clock every night and This door is locked at 10 o'clock every night. Which one is correct? If the first one, so can I say I will go to bed at 10 o'clock every night?
  168. How can we decide between the different modal verbs i.e. how there usage differs?
  169. The answer is B but why? Why not A ? Whatever are you doing up here Bill? Asked the vicar in surprise. Q;The vicar asked Bill _____ doing in the church tower (a) what was he (b) what he was
  170. Which sentence is correct? 1. You are as old as I. 2. You are as old as me. Please help, I'm confused... Thanks..
  171. Please explain about used to.
  172. Dear Sir/Madam, I am very confused about the usage of 'may have / can have'. I checked almost all the grammar books. All the grammar books says that 'may have' used to say about a past action. My doubt is about the following sentences. 'You may have got thinner by the time you get back' 'You may not have reached there by morning' I feel this is about a future thing. Same thing about 'can't have'. Please tell me the meaning of the following sentence. 'We can't have finished the job by next sunday' 'I can't have raised the money by then' 'You can't have kept it a secret for a long. Kindly help me.
  173. Is 'only' an adjective or an adverb in 'He is only a child.'?
  174. Dear Ellie, Could you tell me which sentence is correct and why? Complete the reported comments made the day after the party. Have you met Bill and Maria yet? Harry asked me if I HAD MET Bill and maria yet. Harry asked me if I HADN'T MET Bill and maria yet. Thank you very much.
  175. Could you please explain the difference between 'that' and 'which'? For example, do you ask, "Where is the food that was in the fridge?" or "Where is the food which was in the fridge?" Why? Thank you
  176. The phrase :"In any field of endeavour...", in what term and how can I analyse "any"? Does it mean "no field of endevor.."? Thanks.
  177. Dear Ellie, I have heard that phrasal verbs should just be used in informal situations. Is that right? When should I use them? In which situations? Thank you.
  178. When do we have to use didn't and don't?
  179. Dear Ellie, I know that there is no "s" for the verb to disappear in the sentence below. But why? What is the explanation for that? This pill will make your headache disappear. Thank you.
  180. I want to ask a question. How can we learn English grammar and what is the first thing we should learn ?
  181. Please explain the subjunctive.
  182. Hello, Today in my conversation class we had the following sentences... We had been gone for 3 weeks.... The article has been written... been and gone, been and written are both past participles. Is this still the present perfect tense or does this have another name and a rule as to how to use it. I am an american and I teach a conversation group of friends and I really struggle with the grammar part of it as we didn't really learn grammar in school. Fortunately my friends knew that at the get go but I do try and find things out. Thanks for your help Leslie
  183. 'See the door is locked, ....?' What is the tag to be added to this Question?
  184. Dear Sir, I would be very grateful if you could kindly clarify the following doubts: Which of these sentences are correct? 1. Sunshine is good for me. 2. Sunshine is good to me. 3. This test is important for me. 4. This test is important to me. Yours faithfully, P.T. Thomas
  185. can we use since in place of for in past perfect continuous tense
  186. I am looking for some help with my homework... so if you can help me it will be greatly appretiated... I would like to know. What is a noun made from a verb that still retains some qualities of a verb, such as gerunds(swimming) and infinitives (to fight) Thank you for your time...
  187. Which one is correct and why: "What happened to your bike?" or "What did happen to your bike?"
  188. May I use "slight" and "huge" for discribing something related with "amount"?
  189. Wud u pls tell me wat is d the Passive of "let" Some people say there is no passive form for "let" in grammar, we use "allow" in passive instead. for instance- Active -We let him do passive-He was allowed to do But I have found the same sentence in passive in this form- "He was let do". And this is in the book "A Practical English Grammar" by A.J Thomson.He says that in passive we just dont use "to".(e.g. he was let to do).Now wud u pls tell me what the real case is and which form is correct.I have also found sentences like- "let it be done" "let not your life colored by personal feelings" and so on. Now wud u pls tell me which form these sentences are in and why.PLs explain a little bit. Thanx.
  190. Cud you tell me which of the following sentences is/are correct- 1) "I am a student of Cambridge" Or "I am a student in Cambridge" 2) "Science" is a department of Cambridge" or "Science" is a department in Cambridge" 3)"The people of London" or "The people in London" 4)"The people of the world" or "The people in the world" 5)"This is a common crime of London" or "This is a common crime in London" 6) "A place in London" or " of London" Now wud u pls tell me which one of the above sentences is correct and WHY.Is there any particular rule for using "of" and "in" ONLY in THESE type of sentences?Though I found a rule in a book of Michael Swan but I found that rule not applicable for these situations. Wud you pls pls explain to me. Thanx.
  191. sentence connectors
  192. what's the difference between these three sentences: 1 She is going to take an exam on Monday. 2) She will be taking an exam on Monday. 3) She is taking an exam on Monday. is there any differnce in the meaning or they mean the same.
  193. shall i use 'what' or 'which' when i want to inquire about the course my batchmates are in or doing. for example: which course are you in? or what course are you taking?
  194. Dear Ellie, As a non native speaker of English I have some doubts about using the word "after". Is there any simple rule? Shoud I use "after" only before gerunds and nouns? Thanks for your help.
  195. which one is correct: 1)that's why i have left you. 2)that's why i left you. should i use present perfect or past simple.i know that the past simple is used when the action is completed and perfect tense is used to show that something happened but is not true anymore.my question is which tense seems more appropriate to use in this context.does the 1st sentence suggests that i left a person in the past but now we are together again or it suggests that i left him,its past now and we are not on talking terms anymore.(if that's what it means why didn't we use simply the past simple?).please clarify the difference between the two sentences.
  196. can give me the all verb (regular verb and iregular verb)with past tense and past participle. please
  197. How to find a subject in a sentence when we have answers to both the questions "who" and "what". E.g. They gave the university a large endowment for the scholarship fund. In this sentence, if THEY is the subject, what is A LARGE ENDOWMENT ? Who gave - they gave what did they give - a large endowment. Thanks for the help.
  198. i was confuse in using past perfect tense - under what conditions can it be used. Give me more examples, so I can understand it in detail.
  199. please ellie tell me when to use which statement: 1)why do you ask? 2)why did you ask? i know the tense difference.what i want to know is that should i use (do)if i want to inquire why that person asked me a question right after he finishes asking me? if yes then why can't i use did in this context.did seems more appropriate to me because it sounds more usual to me. please correct me on this.
  200. When do u add whether or if while changing direct sentence in to indirect form.
  201. hey ellie,please tell me which sentence is correct. 1)when i got married,i was in A levels. 2)when i get married,i was in A levels. i know when we make a sentence with 'when' and we want to refer to the future we have to use present simple tense.we use present simple with time expressions but is this the case with other tenses as well,for instance if i want to refer to the past and i am using 'when' in my sentence aswell do i have to use present simple ('when' i 'get' married i was in A levels.)
  202. Hi! I would like to know which of these sentences is correct and why. - What ..(noun)... will be ..-ed? -What ..(noun) will it be ...-ed? as in the sentence what will it be? Is the use of it emphatic? Thanks Ellie
  203. Dear Ellie is it correct to use: When will the school + be due to start Summer Holiday? I just wonder if will and to be due to can be used together or is it too forceful.? Thanks a lot Ellie.
  204. Can the verb 'find' take 2 objects? 'He found me a seat.' Is this sentence correct?
  205. Hello Ellie, i have a question... My English teacher said today that you can make questions in british english by saying "Do you". at first I was agreeing with him... but then he wrote a couple of questions that didn't make any sense... like "Do you help Me with my Job?" or "Do you help Me push My car?" and i've spoke to him about that, and he says it's completely good Grammar. English is my Second Language, and i know it's My Teachers Second language too... so, i need an answer on this one :) It just feels so wrong...
  206. Hi, Please tell me which one of the following sentences is grammatically correct and please explain the reason as well: 1. Whose pen is this? 2. Whose is this pen? I'm really confused about it. Please help me. God bless you. Thanks
  207. How to use 'rather than' and where it is used.
  208. what is a noun that consists of several words?
  209. what is the difference of was & were in the sentence? They are b0th past...
  210. Is the word she a subject or object pronoun in the following sentence? Ellie went to Japan, and she saw Mount Fuji.
  211. Which is correct 1.I am a Historian or 2.I am an Historian
  212. Can the words "mom" or "dad" ever be considered a proper noun when used in a sentence?
  213. Please let me know how to use the verb "to be" in English. I'll be grateful to you.
  214. Which is correct: "I'm going to the Hamilton's tonight" OR "I'm going to the Hamiltons' tonight"?
  215. I would like to know when to use adverbs.
  216. is there a rule about why some adjectives end in 'able' /'ing' /'ed'? I know the difference between 'ed' and'ing' adjectives but not the 'able' ones. Thanks
  217. Why can't we use the past form of verb with did like in "she didn't slept well" and in "i didnt said that" although we can say "the train had started to move..."and "i hadnt said that..."
  218. I have pass my 12th in 2003 but still i have a problem with grammer Yes, I see what you mean:- I have passed my 12th in 2003 but still have a problem with grammar.
  219. Would I ask, "What is the subject in the sentence?" or "Which is the subject in the sentence?".
  220. Hello! Is it possible to use Past Simple in sentences like "I watched TV from 5 to 7" and "I played football for 2 hours" or do I have to use Past Continuous? Which is better here? Thank you!
  221. Hi Ellie, You didn't done anything. Is this correct?
  222. I sometimes become confused when using - was / were do / does have / has / had
  223. Do clauses involve the words "would be and could be"?
  224. Can you please tell us why there is no helping verb in the sentence "Who told you"? As for my understanding all interrogative sentences starting with (W), i.e., What, when, why etc. are always preceded by the helping verb. Please advise.
  225. Convert this sentence to direct speech. 1.Helen invited me to share her house for that summer.
  226. please correct for me the verb in the following sentences. 1. i had been to France 2 years ago. 2. look at the sky!it will snow. 3.i've been understanding you all along. please tell me the tenses present in each sentence thankyou
  227. dear ellie i am preparing for an exam and i find form,funtion and syllable in english grammer so difficult. pls give me some examples and types of functions. thankyou
  228. Dear Ellie, Please, have a look at this sentence: "I should be getting home". Wouldn't it be the same if I said: "I should get home"? What's the difference between these two forms?
  229. which one is correct and why ? "I will be 21 next year." and "I am going to be 21 next year."
  230. Which of the following sentences are correct- how is she like or what is she like?
  231. Is it correct English to say: "the covernment has fallen"?
  232. how do i explain the difference in meaning between the following pairs of sentences: 1. If I have time, I’ll call you. 2. If I had time, I’d call you. Thank you. Nadia
  233. My students questioned the validity of this sentence: I will give it to you as soon as I've finished. They were uncomfortable because of will and the present perfect. Can you help me explain why it's ok? Thank you
  234. Do we say "Rather than driving or drive, my sister prefers to take a bus."? "Rather than disappoint or disappointing the children, he did some quick tricks."
  235. For "writing compound sentences, can I just stick with the coordinating conjunctions : änd, or, but, so. What about FANBOYS? Will my students think that I'm not knowledgeable without mentiong "for, nor and yet? ------------------ For "writing compound sentences, can I just stick with the coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but, so. What about FANBOYS? Will my students think that I'm not knowledgeable without mentioning "for, nor and yet? Thanks for your help. Terry
  236. raja can solve this sum answer in tag question
  237. Can I say, "Why when Kayle threw a stone into the waves it constantly came back to her?"
  238. Hi! Can you tell me what is the different between these questions: Have you lived with your parents? (Present perfect)Do you live with your parents? (present simple) I think both are correct but is there a difference in meaning? when should we use them? many thanks
  239. which one is correct? "do you ever use a needle?" or "did you ever use a needle?"
  240. I know her a for long time. Is this tense correct? Please tell me
  241. Please tell me the difference between these sentences and at which situations should i use them- 1)the school is started 2) the school has stared 3) the school has been started..please do reply
  242. Please tell me the difference between these sentences and at which situations should i use them and in which tenses they are in- 1)i am prepared for the exam. 2) i have prepared for the exam. 3) i have been prepared for the exam..please do reply ............ Please tell me the difference between these sentences, in which situations I should use them, and which tenses they are in:-
  243. The food will have been being eaten. The food had been being eaten. because some of the books say that there is no future perfect continuous and past perfect continuous tense.
  244. by next week we will have finished the examination-is this sentence correct?
  245. Is it correct to write: It was a perfect day for a wedding. Although it would have been more perfect if the groom had arrived. Is it possible to use "although" and "if" in on sentence?
  246. What do you call a noun that consists of several words like Fourth of July or Duchess of Kent (collective is not the answer)?
  247. Which sentence is correct? Professor Pepin spends a lot of time translating medieval texts on ancient medicine; however, he also stays informed about the latest developments in modern asthma treatments. Professor Pepin spends a lot of time translating medieval texts on ancient medicine. However, he also stays informed about the latest developments in modern asthma treatments. Thank you.
  248. Hi Ellie is this sentence correct I WRITE WITH PEN
  249. Thanks for your help. Which sentence is correct and why? 1. Neither of the potential buyers had really made up her mind. 2. Neither of the potential buyers had really made up their mind.
  250. "i have not been invited to the party" is this sentence right?
  251. Is the word scared a verb or an abstract noun?
  252. Please help me as Ihave a doubdt.If the question is,does Tina have a cycle? Can we answer _ No she hasn't. "Please help me. If the question is, "Does Tina have a cycle?" Can we answer "No, she hasn't."
  253. could i compare simple past & present perfecf simple? ------- Could I compare simple past and present perfect simple?
  254. Dear Ellie: I am lost. sometimes Idioms drive me crazy. Which one is right. 1)Cut (a tree) down or Cut down a tree 2)ABC took (A city) over or ABC took over a city 3)switch(the engine) off or switch off the engine. Please answer those questions. Regards: Aamir
  255. which are the material adjectives ----------------- Which are the material adjectives?
  256. What is verb ------------------ What is a verb?
  257. Anything wrong with this sentence? It was with reluctance when John gave his dog up for adoption.
  258. choose: I didn't take my father's advice. I wish i ( took - had taken ) it now. i hope you explain the reason. -------------------------- Choose: I didn't take my father's advice. I wish I (took - had taken) it now. I hope you can explain the reason.
  259. What is phrasal verb -------------- What is a phrasal verb?
  260. It is very difficult for me remember the list of the verbs with TO DO and TO MAKE.how can differ them? ------------------ It is very difficult for me to remember the list of verbs with TO DO and TO MAKE. How can I differentiate between them?
  261. Hi can you tell me whether I should use 'was' or 'were' in the following two sentences and explain why? 1: My most recent series of events were working with.... 2: The challenge of producing these events were fulfilling an ambitious brief.... Thanks
  262. Dear Ellie: This website is awesome. And you have done a good job. Would you please give me this answers of my questions. APOSTROPHE Q1) The book of Jhon Master (Jhon Masters' book). (right or wrong) Q2) The hat of Mr. Stone (Mr. Stones' hat).(right or wrong) Q3)This prey might was hunted by lion.( In past of may be) Regards: Aamir
  263. "It (= the news) says lots of houses were destroyed." As far as I know, when the reporting verb is in the PRESENT tense (here SAY), the verb in indirect speech does NOT change. (here WERE changed) If this is the case, why WERE has been used in the reporting clause while ARE seems the correct choice?
  264. I have seen that there is a pattern in english like this, ' if I were you I would.... ' . Why is there 'were' used with ' I '? Why can't we use if I was you, I would... ? What is the reason for it? Are there any other places in english used 'I' with 'were' together ? Please tell me? Thank you.
  265. Is it correct to say, This is not a good news?
  266. Cricket is playing in England for more than six hundred years now
  267. could you please tell me which one is the correct sentence among theseones. 1. I don't know yet who wicked witch is. 2. I don't know who wicked witch is yet. If both are correct which is better to speak.? Thank you. ----------------------------- Could you please tell me which is correct:- 1. I don't know yet who wicked witch is. 2. I don't know who wicked witch is yet. If both are correct, which is better? Thank you.
  268. which one is correct? and why? [for plural number] sheeps' hearts or sheep's hearts
  269. What article will come here or will there not be any articles here? and why? .... pls specify your answer. .....rich should help ......poor
  270. A student (beginner)said "tomorrow I go to London" What is wrong and how do you correct them. Is it the structure ,grammar, is it a slip of the tongue?
  271. first of all: we say "I am a tall man, aren't I?" "I am not a tall man,am I?" So how can it be for "We"? secondly: Why aren't I? what about ain't? ---------------------------------- First of all: We say, "I am a tall man, aren't I?" "I am not a tall man, am I?" So how do we use the same construction for "We"? secondly: Why aren't I? what about ain't?
  272. which verbs can be changedto do+ing form of the verb? and why? ------------------------ Which verbs can be changed to the -ing form of the verb? And why?
  273. which one is correct sentence: A simple meatball is using basic ground beef. or A simple meatball using basic ground beef. Please explain on the correct answer. Your assistance in this matter is highly appreciated. ---------------------- Which sentence is correct? A simple meatball is using basic ground beef. or A simple meatball using basic ground beef. Please explain the correct answer. Your assistance in this matter is highly appreciated.
  274. Which is correct? For 'We the children are the leaders of Tomorrow, or For 'Us the children are the leaders of Tomorrow? Thank you.
  275. Hi Lynne, Look at this picture. http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/73900/73989/73989_lady_hat.htm How can we say that she is wearing a hat. As she is not wearing (action is not going on) at the moment. But one exercise in Essential Grammar in use has used it in this way. As per Present continuous, we consider that the action is going on at present time. But the hat is already worn by the lady. She is not wearing it. Please clearly explain it.
  276. There are two sentences - ("I am going to be late") "I am going to late" The one within brackets is correct, but why can't we use second one. I am confused here by the use of verb 'be'. ------------------- There are two sentences - ("I am going to be late") "I am going to late" The one within brackets is correct, but why can't we use the second one. I am confused here by the use of verb 'be'.
  277. Is her & I are friends correct English or should it be she & I are friends --------------------- Is "her and I are friends" correct English or should it be "she and I are friends".
  278. What is difference between WH question and Auxilairy verb question --------------------------- What is the difference between a wh question and an auxiliary verb question?
  279. can we use "it" for the keys or we should use "them"? --------------------- Can we use "it" for the keys or we should use "them"?
  280. Can I say "I'll show you it in the morning"?
  281. Can I say I'm on the bus or I'm in the bus.which Is the correct one --------------------------- Should I say I'm on the bus, or I'm in the bus? Which Is correct?
  282. Hi, can you please advise whether or not the following comparison sentences are correct : .. Sue has three English books more than I do. .. I have less books than Sue does. .. His left leg is one and a half inches shorter than the right one. Can you also please guide me how to make a comparson on quantity (like sentence 1 above)? So far I've seen only the comparison of Adj. and Adv. Thanks much. Your answer is much appreciated. --------------------- Can you also please guide me how to compare quantities (like sentence 1 above). So far I've only seen examples that compare Adj. and Adv. Thanks. Your answer is much appreciated.
  283. Hallo, could you tell me if the question "where are you?" is present continuous or present simple. Thanks for your help. -------------------- Hello, Could you tell me if the question, "Where are you?" is in the present continuous or present simple tense. Thanks for your help.
  284. direct and indirect speeches are applicable in future tenses or not because i didn`t find on ur page -------------------------- Are direct and indirect speeches applicable in the future tense? I'm only asking because I couldn't find it on your page.
  285. when i can use have & has -------------------------- When can I use have and has?
  286. Passive voice of sentence He made his wife to the work ------------------- What is the passive voice of the sentence, "He made his wife do the work."
  287. What is the -tion form of a verb called? Or, what is the word "extension" to the word "extend"? Like, "Extension is the barbarbum of extend". And what is the barbarbum of 'abscond'? Is it 'absconscion'?
  288. Why is simple past tense the correct tense used for the sentence... I was in New York last year?
  289. I had taken it in the morning. Is this sentence is correct?
  290. CAN I HAVE SENTENCE USING AM IN IT NOT IAM PLEASE THANK YOU ...................... Can I have a sentence using am in it, not "I am", please? Thank you.
  291. Smitha has joined the school____three years. A)for B)since
  292. we went to the cinema is the correct article used ---------------- "We went to the cinema", is the article "the" used correctly?
  293. change these sentences in indirect speech 1.he said how lovely a picture it is !.2you said mathur do you have finished your work in time?3old man said to me do u know me?
  294. From the Lesson's forum:- Hi, I have a question and I need to explain it for me I mean tell me about its grammer. The question is (is that her overthere? yes:it is), I wanna know why the answer of this question is (it is) why did not say yes :she is, I hope you got my question. ---------------------------- Hi, I have a question and I need you to explain it to me, I mean tell me about the grammar. The question is, "Is that her over there? Yes, it is". I want to know why the answer to this question is ...it is, why don't we say "Yes, she is". I hope you got my question.
  295. explain the difference in meaning between a) she wears a dress to work b) she is wearing a dress to work -------------------- Please explain the difference in meaning between the following:- a) She wears a dress to work. b) She is wearing a dress to work.
  296. I'm looking for the correct termanology of this grammer issue. When I write I tend to go back and forth between 'I' and 'we' or 'us'. Sometimes even within the same sentence. ----------------------------- I'm looking for the correct terminology of this grammer issue. When I write I tend to go back and forth between 'I' and 'we' or 'us'. Sometimes even within the same sentence.
  297. Why in the sentence below would since be a preposition rather than a subordinating conjunction? Explain I haven't exercised since yesterday.
  298. please tell me a sentence in which we use " i is".? ------------------------------ Please give me a sentence in which we use "I is".
  299. Which of the following statements is correct: 1. I hope he treats you well. 2. I hope he treats you good.
  300. I don't know how to use the following sentence. Having done so, I started to learn more about it. What language it is for "having done so"? Is it a past participle or present participle?
  301. Do we say: What was he and his wife doing in my house? or What were he and his wife doing in my house?
  302. Is this sentence correct my penciles are anywhere. if not tell me why thanks ---------------------------- Is this sentence correct? "My penciles are anywhere". If not tell me why. Thanks
  303. the number of items areis 3000 ----------------- The number of items are/is 3000.
  304. what are the verb agreement? -------------------- What is verb agreement?
  305. what is the correct word of this sentence 1. Please buy some (bread,breads) ------------------ What is the correct way to complete this sentence? 1. Please buy some (bread,breads)
  306. Are name of days such as sunday,monday,tuesday etc proper nouns ------------------------- Are the names of days such as Sunday, Monday, Tuesday etc proper nouns? Asked by Satyde.
  307. is the sentence indifferent of whether they were damaged or not right? ------------------------- Is this sentence right? "... indifferent of whether they were damaged or not..."
  308. Can i start telling a story by sayin-"a man has come to a doctor,he is saying..." is sentence in the quatation right? -------------------------------- Can I start telling a story by saying, "A man has come to a doctor,he is saying..." is sentence in the quotation right?
  309. Is this right: Someone is calling me, isn't it? Or should I say: Someone is calling me, aren't they? Or: Someone is calling me, isn't they? which one is grammatically correct?? ........................... Which one is grammatically correct??
  310. Why outside the hostel it is displayed 'Girls Hostel' and not Girl's Hostel. Which one is correct Girls Hostel or Girl's hostel?
  311. error spot - each of the cycles are damaged.
  312. "By what name does this award go?" Is the above a correct sentence? What can we understand from it?
  313. is the word 'being' used correctly in "being in Boston tomorrow??
  314. Which is correct, "I wish I would have known" or "I wish I would of known"?
  315. IS it You and me are perfect together? OR You and I are perfect together? -------------------- Should I say:- You and me are perfect together? or You and I are perfect together?
  316. we wear colourful clothes in birthday party.or we wear colourful clothes for birthday party.which sentence is correct?
  317. Is the statement "Now Open Saturdays" grammaticallyy correct
  318. We two, two us or the two of us: what's the correct form?
  319. Which article is used in sentence 'I am I.A.S. officer'. A or An?
  320. Why is it ok to sat The united states of america or The United arab emirates or The United kingdom and not The china or the canada ________________________ Why is it OK to say, The United States of America or The United Arab Emirates or The United Kingdom and not the china or the canada.
  321. which is correct? She is a friend of Mary, or she is a friend of Mary's? -------------------- Which is correct? She is a friend of Mary, or she is a friend of Mary's?
  322. my teacher asked my class mate that is she indian ,she said yes i am, then he asked me what did she say? i said that: "she said that she is indian but teacher said she was indain is the correct sentence plz tell me which one is right teachers sentence or mine...... ---------------- My teacher asked my class mate if she is Indian, she said yes I am, then he asked me what did she say? I said that: "she said that she is indian but teacher said she was Indian is the correct sentence plz tell me which one is right teachers sentence or mine......
  323. consider you are in a office for following a request and your request is approved, in this condition the officer says you "your request is approved" what's the difference between this and "your request has been approved" or "your request will be approved"? the mean of sentence "your request is approved" is present continuous and since approve is a stative verb we can not use it in progressive mode or it means in present simple? If you could help me I would greatly appreciate it, thank you so much in advance ------------------- Consider this, you are in an office to follow up a request and your request is approved, in this case the office worker says to you "your request is approved" what's the difference between this and "your request has been approved" or "your request will be approved"? The meaning of the sentence "your request is approved" is present continuous and since approve is a stative verb we cannot use it in the progressive mode or does it use the present simple? If you could help me I would greatly appreciate it, thank you so much in advance.
  324. Hi Dear could you explain how i can change helpful to superlative adj. I think helpful has 2 syllables so the superlative is : the helpfullest? or the most helpful?
  325. Does this sentences correct? The weather is well this weekend ----------------------- Is this sentence correct? The weather is well this weekend.
  326. i want to know where can we put the word "every time " in a formal sentence ? and is it correct to say :" every time the weather is capable of changing"?
  327. Can you explain to me the difference between the possessive adjective and personal pronouns? forms and usage? Thanks
  328. what tense should we use in the would clause of second conditional?e.g. If she asked me about her dress,I would say it....... ----------------------------- "hat tense should we use in the "would clause" using the second conditional? e.g. If she asked me about her dress,I would say it.......
  329. can you change these sentance to indirect speech. How long have you been back? Why did you come back? Are you glad to be back? ----------------------- Can you change these sentences to indirect speech. How long have you been back? Why did you come back? Are you glad to be back?
  330. A SENTENCE WHERE 2 BECAUSE COME TOGETHER? (SDFSD BECAUSE BECAUSE MMMM) LIKE THAT... -------------------- Could you give me an example of a sentence where 2 instances of "because" are written together: ie because because.
  331. Dear Ellie what can I say in this situation? e.g. a friend buys a new dress and asks my idea about it and I don't like it. in second conditional sentence I should say if she asked me about her dress,I would say it's not beautiful or I would say it wasn't beautiful which one is correct? -------------------------- Dear Ellie what can I say in this situation? e.g. A friend buys a new dress and asks my opinion, but I don't like it. In a second conditional sentence what should I say if she asks me about her dress. Would I say it's not beautiful, or it wasn't beautiful which one is correct?
  332. I am confused by these sentences: 1. Over the years they were able to watch her grow up into a beautiful child, with long fair hair. The witch called her Rapunzel after the plant her father had come to take. (Why grow up but not grew up?) 2.The prince saw the witch climb up the hair and disappear through the window.(Why climb up but not climbed up?) Thanks.
  333. error spotting: 1)we shall go on next Friday. what is the error here? --------------- Error spotting: 1) We shall go on next Friday. What is the error here?
  334. why is give him him book is not correct --------------- Why is give him him book not correct?
  335. what are the rules of using if? i think that there are 3 rules of if? -------------------- What are the rules for using if? I think that there are 3 rules.
  336. Correct the sentence. He comes to his office lately
  337. Dear Ellie after each of you and one of you the verb should be singular or plural? E.g. One of you asks and the other one answers or one of you ask? Also after each of you,we say each of you have a card or has a card?
  338. How can I say I am not the one who cook it -------------------------- How can I say I am not the one who cooked it?
  339. "we have been being struggling to set our country free." What kind of tense do we have in this sentence and is it formal or not?
  340. what is the modifier in sentence while i was waiting for john , i met another old friend. ------------ What is the modifier in this sentence? While I was waiting for John, I met another old friend.
  341. what are the objects you see in the sky? or what are the objects that you seein the sky? which of these sentences are correct --------------------------- What are the objects you see in the sky? What are the objects that you see in the sky? Which of these sentences are correct?
  342. What is the difference between "I have seen him 1o minutes ago" and I saw him 10 minutes ago"
  343. Hi, I have a question in regards to using, " pretty beautiful" together in a sentence. Is there a term for using an adjective that has a double meaning, or is this not allowed grammatically?
  344. she was married with a doctor.. Is it correct?
  345. Which type of nouns are these words? football, carrots, wine, mineral water common or proper nouns
  346. Which is correct? fish live in water or fish lives in water
  347. "Tha match have been stopped due to rain." Is this correct.? I think In present perfect tense "ING" is used with verb. STOPPING PLZ HELP ME.
  348. i have this sentence and i want to know what its function . [ If we pass our exam, we'll go to London ] . Reply as soon as possible . Please Thank you :)
  349. sir,which sentence is gramatically correct-i am going home or i am going to home and why? ------------------ Which sentence is grammatically correct- I am going home or I am going to home and why?
  350. Is there any mistake in the following sentence: Are your friends studying English also?
  351. how use the tenses How to use the tenses?
  352. how do we make a tag question with must and may for instance i may go i must eat ------------ How do we form a tag question with must and may? For instance, "I may go", "I must eat".
  353. i can't understand direct and indirect speech when i read it so please help me ------------------- I can't understand direct and indirect speech.
  354. Is this sentence grammatically correct? "Grandma lets me do it". If so, what makes the plural of lets correct. I think it is the same reason that I can use the word "makes" in the sentence just previous to this one. Thank you.
  355. is this sentence correct ? I hope you to be successful. ------------------------- Is this sentence correct ? I hope you to be successful.
  356. What's the tag of ' she as well as her friends enjoyed the show, '?
  357. my question is What do we call the usage of noun as verb? For example "phone me" or "keyboard this letter." In both the sentences the word phone and keyboard in actual are noun by nature but they have been used as pure verbs action words in the sentences. Do we have any grammatical term for such a special use of noun as verb. We already have terms like gerund-verb as noun and infinitive verb as adjective.
  358. some of us went to play cricket ? question tag
  359. Which is correct? My child is an honor student or My child is a honor student.
  360. which is correct and why?: I came to Canada in 19-- I came in Canada in 19-- -------------- Which is correct and why?
  361. how to learn grammar easily? ---------------- How can I learn grammar easily?
  362. What is wrong with the following questions: 1. I'm going to the cinema at least once a week. 2. I used to see that film for the first time 2 years ago.
  363. Which is correct? You and I are going to the party OR You and me are going to the party
  364. please check my preposition in the following sentence:- I will talk to him at the lunch. ------------------- Please check my use of the preposition "at" n the following sentence:- I will talk to him at the lunch.
  365. In spoken english what is the difference did you take ? Or have you taken? For me is the same. Is that icorrect? --------------------------------- In spoken English what is the difference between did you take and have you taken? For me they are the same. Is that correct?
  366. I have a Brother whom my friend does not know. Or, I have a brother which my friend does not know. Is it grammatically Correct to say it both ways?
  367. dear sir, my question is "My friend ,go to a doctor.and "My friend should go to a doctor."both sentence are statement or command.kindly tell me. Thanks Debasis ---------------------- Dear Ellie, My question is "My friend ,go to a doctor. and "My friend should go to a doctor. Both sentences are statements or commands. Kindly tell me. Thanks Debasis
  368. identify the tense in this sentence .so far i have visited only two of fourty countries ------------------ Could you identify the tense in this sentence, for me? Thank you.
  369. What's the difference between "would" and "would have"?
  370. my questions is : when to use did and done.....like is it correct to say ' after all i have done" or is it incorrect" ------------------ My question is : when to use did and done. Is it correct to say '... after all I have done' or is it incorrect?
  371. Is it proper to say "I ate the food that was made for me". Is it a double negative to say "was made"?
  372. Is this sentence right or wrong? I wish everyone were as smart as us!
  373. I keep getting confused as to which form I should use. He and I came to the wedding? He and me went to the wedding? Or at the end of a sentence like We were trying to find him Jason and Me.
  374. what vs which, When do you use "when" and when do you use "what"? What is your favourite animal, or which is your favourite animal? ----------------- I think you mean:- what vs which When do you use "which" and when do you use "what"? What is your favourite animal, or which is your favourite animal?
  375. What does mean by, ''I will not be surprised if this were an answer to my question.'' In which situation we could use it?
  376. Is there an instance, however limited, of acceptable or formal grammar that the pronoun "who" could be used in the subjective or nominative case within a clause or sentence? If yes, could you give examples. Many thanks.
  377. Generally speaking,we receive what we deserve. Tell whether it is present or past participle
  378. negative sentence of ''He writes a letter''
  379. Is the sentence correct ? A pen was given to me by my father.
  380. Whom do you stay with ? is this sentence right or wrong
  381. irene does have a weapon or irene do have a weapon
  382. Can I say: I'm wanting to find out? or That is what I'm wanting to find out?
  383. Which is correct if I am saying - Where he used to work or is it - Where is use to work? -------------------------- Which is correct? Where he used to work? or Where is use to work?
  384. What is the verb or verbs in the sentence:" My mom and I were cooking and watching a movie." I know that "were" is the "helping verb", but are the words "cooking" and "watching" verbs or gerunds?
  385. when do you use 'characterised by' and when 'characterised as'? thank you :) ---------------------------- When do you use 'characterised by' and when 'characterised as'? Thank you.
  386. student asks:- I'd like some informations on your courses..... How do i explain the correction of informations???
  387. when the school bell rang the children left the classroom (what are the subordinating conjunction in that sentence)
  388. Prices have increaed during the last 2 years
  389. To verify grammetical error and explaination in this sentence"you be everything to me".
  390. I'm confused about conditionals. Thank you.
  391. Hi, Elli.Should I use "opens" or "is opening" in this sentence: The art exhibition on the 3rd of May. Thank you
  392. Which one is correct(a)they usually does that or(b)they usually do that.
  393. How you can use correctly the preposition at, on , in? Could you give examples please ------------------------------- How can I use the prepositions at, on, in correctly? Could you give me some examples, please?



  1. Do I have to learn grammar?

    Of course you do, sorry! Think of English vocabulary as the bricks of the language and grammar as the mortar that hold those bricks together, without the mortar the bricks can come tumbling down! A lack of grammatical skills can cause embarrassing misunderstandings.

    When you begin to learn English, speaking and building up your vocabulary is more important than worrying about correct grammar. However, as you progress you need to incorporate more grammar into your learning programme. At an advanced level you should be thinking much more about the correct use of the English language.

    There is a common impression that learning English grammar is painful, but it is a lot easier than many other languages. Of course, English is more than just memorizing grammar rules, the grammar must be incorporated into the everyday use of the language, theory and practice should go hand in hand.

    For more information on grammar check out our grammar page.

    Category: Grammar
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  2. Is English Grammar difficult?

    No, English grammar is not half as difficult as some other languages, such as German. We have the French to thank for that. In 1066 William the Conqueror brought to England the French language as well as the ability to build impressive castles . French was the official language in England for nearly 300 years and so the English language was kept alive by the common people (rather than the academics who do like to keep the status quo). As a result nearly all the difficult word-endings, inflexions and marks of gender and case were gaily dispensed with.

    Category: Grammar
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  3. What is the difference between 'Would be' and 'could be'?

    Would:-

    If you want to talk about an unreal or unlikely situation that might arise now or in the future, you can use the past tense in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause.

    For example:-
    How would you manage, if I wasn't here to help you? ~ I'd manage somehow, I'd find another web site.

    Could:-

    If you want to ask for permission politely, to make a request politely or to express ability in the past you use could.

    Compare the following:-

    Permission:-
    Could I borrow your pen please?
    Request:-
    Could you do me a favour?
    Ability:-
    I could already read when I was two.

    There is a list of modal verbs and their uses here.

    Category: Grammar
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  4. What's the difference between 'may be' and 'might be' ? Could you please give few examples.

    "It might be a good idea." and "It may be a good idea." mean the same thing.

    I think "might" is more common in American English. I'm used to hearing "may".

    However be careful - 'maybe' written as one word means perhaps.

    Category: Grammar
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  5. What is the usage of since? Where do you have to use it and how? I heard someone say something like:- 'Since Jan they haven't used it' Normally I say, 'From Jan they haven't used it' Which is correct? Could you please tell me.

    In this instance they are using 'since' in the Present Perfect Simple Tense.

    The general rule is "Since a point in time." and and "For a length of time".
    For example:-

    "I have lived here since 1998."

    "I have been here for 7 years."

    So you should say: "'They haven't used it since January."
    Category: Grammar
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  6. What are conjunctions ?
    Conjunctions join words or sentences together.

    For example: although, and, but, or, when and because.

    Category: Grammar
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  7. What is the past perfect tense of "The living conditions were not easy".
    The living conditions had not been easy.
    Category: Grammar
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  8. What is the real diference between to make and to do ?
    Funny you should ask. I have placed a whole section on this on the grammar page under verbs - make vs do.

    Category: Grammar
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  9. Jane left a few minutes ago. is this sentence right
    Yes, with the corrections to punctuation and capitalisation that I have made for you.
    Category: Grammar
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  10. I would like to know the answer for the following:- The children_________ to the zoo *were enjoyed taken *were enjoyed taking *enjoyed taking *enjoyed being taken
    The children enjoyed being taken to the zoo.
    Category: Grammar
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  11. I don't know how to identify a balanced sentence, can you help me?
    Here is one of the most famous balanced sentences in history:-

    Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. --John F. Kennedy

    Balanced sentences use parallel structure to enhance the message of compared or contrasted ideas. Look again at the quote by J.F.K. Notice how—like a set of scales—the sentence is balanced equally to either side of the comma; the same or similar words (your country can do . . . you can do . . .) are used to express compared ideas.

    Category: Grammar
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  12. a)He wrote a letter in french to his parents. b)He wrote a letter to his parents in french.

    Are both sentences correct? If they are, which one is "more" correct or better sounding? I think a) is correct because "how" the letter is written is grouped with the "letter" object compared to b) where it is at the end of the sentence.
    My first point is that the a href="http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/nounproper.php" target="newwin">proper noun French must start with a capital letter.

    a)He wrote a letter in French to his parents.
    b)He wrote a letter to his parents in French.


    I agree with you in your choice of (a).

    If you used (b) you would expect to learn more about his parents or his situation, not about the letter.

    For example:-
    The geographical location of his parents - "He wrote a letter to his parents in Thailand."
    His situation - "He wrote a letter to his parents in case he wasn't home for Christmas."

    Category: Grammar
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  13. 1) If I tell you "I'm going to Australia next week." (It's not important when I'm going). And let's say your sister had told you the same thing before I told you. It means that 2 people told you that they are going to Australia, doesn't it? I want to say that I'm the second person to have said that, but I can't put it in a sentence. I want to start with "I'm the second one who told you...." I can't say "...who told you that I'm going to Australia." ,can I? Can I say "I'm the second one who told you going to Australia."?

    2) I wrote "Two people told you that they ARE going to Australia." but does it have to be "Two people told you that they WERE going to Australia."? I kind of remember about this changing tense thing, but am not too sure when I have to change it and when I don't.

    1) I would say:- "You know that your sister is going to Australia? Well, I'm going too!" or you could say "I think I am the second person to tell you they're going to Australia. What a coincidence!"

    2) This is reported speech and you are quite correct that you sometimes need a backshift of tenses -

    If the reporting verb (the main verb of the sentences, e.g., told, is in the past, the verb in the noun clause will usually be in a past form. "Two people told you they were going to Australia."

    However if as in this case the statement is still true or it is reported soon after the event you can still say "Two people told you that they are going to Australia."

    So, in this case I think that either is correct.

    There is a section on reported speech here.
    Category: Grammar
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  14. What's the difference between any and some? When should I used either one?
    Generally “some” is used in affirmative statements and polite offers or requests.

    For example:-
    I have some coffee. Would you like some coffee?

    “Any” is used in questions and negative statements.
    For example:-
    Have you got any coffee? I don't have any coffee.

    There are more examples on the Countable / Uncountable Nouns page.
    Category: Grammar
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  15. "please meet to the concerned officer" and "please meet to the officer concerned" my question is " how can i come to know when to use words like (i think theyr adjectives or adverb)concern before or after a noun/subject /object" as there use at wrong places changes the meaning of the sentence, please help me out .
    Ok first you cannot say "Please meet to ...." you probably mean "Please go to..." If you say "...the concerned officer" concerned is an adjective, but when it is placed in front of the noun it means to be worried about something. So in this case the officer is concerned / worried about something. For example: I'm a bit concerned about your English. If you say "... the officer concerned" concerned is still an adjective, but when it is placed after the noun it means to be involved in something. So in this case the officer is concerned / in charge of something. For example: I'd like to thank everyone concerned for making this FAQ so interesting.
    Category: Grammar
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  16. "The bus stopped due to the sliding of nearby rocks over the roads" 0r " The bus was stopped due to sliding of nearby rocks over the road"

    My query is which one is more correct and if the former is correct, why? I know that a "bus" is stopped by someone(driver) it cannot stop itself.

    There are many verbs which are used in this form.

    2. "The bus was stopped by furious mob " is this also correct?
    3. "The bell has rang." is this correct? If yes why - just clarify it for me.
    4. "You have changed " or "You are changed" which one is correct?
    5. "They are past their teens" is this a correct sentence?
    Both are correct (however I would say " ... because of the rockslide").

    The bus stopped due to .... emphasises what stopped the bus (i.e. the rockslide). The bus was stopped ... emphasises that the bus is stationary.

    Even though the driver stopped the bus it is quite ok to disregard him/her as we are more interested in what happened to the bus than who was driving it.

    2. The bus was stopped by a furious mob. (you need the article)
    3. "The bell has rung." - present perfect tense - indicates it has just happened (ring/rang/rung)
    4. Both are correct but "You have changed." is more common.
    5. Oh yes it's correct "I am way past my teens." (teenage years = teens = 13 - 19 years old)
    Category: Grammar
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  17. Can we use words "would" and "will" interchangably on the basis of merit or situation in some sentences.

    For example:-
    I would help him in his work. OR I will help him in his work.
    No, they give a totally different meaning.

    "I would help him with his work." Indicates I would if I could, but I can't.
    "I will help him with his work." This is a promise and I will do it.

    There is more about the use of would and will on the under modal verbs on the grammar page.
    Category: Grammar
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  18. I was wondering if you have sth about phrasal verbs and an explanation for them.

    A phrasal verb consists of a verb in combination with a preposition or adverb or both, the meaning of which is different from the meaning of its separate parts. The word that is joined with a verb in this construction (often a preposition) is called a particle and the resulting combination creates what amounts to a new verb.

    The problem with phrasal verbs is that their meaning is often, at first, obscure, and they can mean several different things, for example to come out has up to eighteen different meanings!

    You can find some examples of phrasal verbs organised under different topics on my English vocabulary pages.
    Here are a couple of other sites that might help you:-
    Cambridge have a free phrasal verb dictionary online:- http://dictionary.cambridge.org/
    Churchill House do a Phrasal Verb of the Day:- http://www.churchillhouse.com/english/word.html
    Category: Grammar
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  19. Do you have an explanation of and any exercises on "been" and "gone" with the present perfect tense?

    been is the past participle of be
    gone is the past participle of go

    Been is used to describe completed visits. So if somebody from Germany has been to England twice, he or she has travelled there and back twice. If somebody has gone to England, he or she has not yet returned.

    Here's a test
    Category: Grammar
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  20. I would like information about stative and dynamic verbs.

    Stative verbs are verbs that describe the state of someone or something.

    For example:-
    I know him. I love chocolate. I hate Marmite.

    Know, love and hate are stative verbs. They never take the -ing form.

    Dynamic verbs (aka action verbs) are verbs that tell you what someone or something is doing.

    For example:-
    I run every day. I drive to work. I work in an office.

    Run, drive, work are action verbs. They can take the -ing form - running, driving, working.

    I will add a section on stative verbs to my grammar pages.

    Category: Grammar
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  21. What is the best way to explain the use of could and would to a non-native speaker?
    ie. explain the difference of will and would, can and could as well as the differences of the two words in general in situations such as..could u help me or would u help me..thanks!

    WOULD

    If we want to talk about an unreal or unlikely situation that might arise now or in the future, we use a past tense in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause. Compare the following and note that would is often abbreviated to 'd:

    How would you manage, if I wasn't here to help you? ~ I'd manage somehow. I wouldn't bother to cook. I'd go out to eat or bring home a take-away. I'd ask your mother to help me with the washing and the ironing. I know she'd help me.

    COULD

    Could can be used to ask for permission, to make a request and express ability in the past. Compare the following:-
    Could I borrow your black dress for the formal dinner tomorrow? ~ Of course you can!
    Could you do me a favour and pick Pete up from the station? ~ Of course I will!
    I could already swim by the time I was three. ~ Could you really? I couldn't swim until I was eight.

    You will find more about modal verbs here.
    Category: Grammar
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  22. 1. How and when to use "By+ving"while making sentences.
    2. How and when to use "perhaps".
    3. Is the sentence written below correct?
    4. Just look at this sentence.


    1. How and when to use "By+ving"while making sentences.

    I presume you mean the gerund form. I have written an explanation on how to use this here:- Gerunds and infinitives

    2. How & when to use "perhaps".

    "Perhaps" is an adverb of probability.

    It is used to show that something is possible or that you are not certain about something.

    For example:-
    They will come to the party. - This sentence shows that you are certain that they will come. + Perhaps:-
    Perhaps they will come to the party. - This sentence shows that you are not certain they will come.

    3 Is the sentence written below correct?

    perhaps i will go to movie

    Here, I want to say that I am not sure now if I can go to the movie. If it is not correct, what is the correct sentence?

    You have got the right idea, but you have made a couple of mistakes - watch your articles, punctuation and capitalisation.

    "Perhaps I will go to the movie."

    4. Just look at this sentence "john is being made to do this dirty work" in this sentence someone is sure that john is being made to do this work (a process that is still going on)but what if we are guessing about a continous process can we make "ram would/might/may/must be being made to do work" .



    Yup! But again watch out for silly mistakes (see above).

    John is being made to do this work.
    Ram would/might/may/must be being made to do this work.
    You can read more about modal verbs here.
    Category: Grammar
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  23. Can I say:-
    "What cost is the one kilogram rice?" (I do not want to use price in place of cost)
    "What cost is the jeans ?"
    You would have to rewrite it to say:-

    What is the cost of one kilogram of rice?

    A native speaker would say:-

    How much is a kilogram of rice?

    What is the cost of the jeans ?

    Again a native speaker would say:-

    How much are the jeans?

    !Note - Jeans are plural.
    Have a look at lesson 35 for an explanation of How Much.
    Category: Grammar
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  24. Can I say:-

    Why is so strictchecking going on here?
    or
    hy is there so strick checking going on here?( use of preparatory "there")
    Why is there such strict checking going on here?

    I would say:-
    Why are you checking everything so strictly?

    Remember:-

    such + noun
    so + adjective
    such + adjective + noun
    so + adverb + adjective
    I will include an explanation for this in my Common English Mistakes page.
    Category: Grammar
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  25. please clear me how to use past participle (sometime it is used before noun and sometime after noun):- 1>i saw a fallen tree. 2> i saw a boy bismered with the blood. 3>docter treated wounded patients. 4>we r walking on a recently constructed bridge (or bridge recently constructed)
    A participle, ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n (past), functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun. Sometimes we use participles as adjectives before nouns. For example:- An interesting book. A fallen tree. A broken heart. Not all participles can be used in this way. You can say a lost dog, but not a found dog. There are no clear rules for this, you just have to get a feel for it. We sometimes use participles after nouns to define or identify the noun. For example:- The people questioned ... The issues discussed ... Again you have to develop a feeling about this. For example you would never say "a bridge recently constructed."
    Category: Grammar
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  26. Can you please tell me the difference between,a main verb,an auxiliary verb and a modal verb. Thank you.

    The main verb in a sentence, phrase or clause describes the main action.

    For example:-
    "I teach English on the web." Here the main verb is "teach".

    More on verbs.

    The auxiliary verb (sometimes called the 'helping verb) combines with the main verb to add more (albeit subtle) detail. The most common auxiliary verbs include the verbs to be, to have and to do.

    For example:-
    "I have taught English on the web since 1999." Here the auxilliary verb is 'have'. 'Have taught" is called a verb phrase.

    More on auxilliary verbs.

    Modal verbs are (sometimes called 'modal auxilliaries') auxiliary verbs that add 'mood', most commonly imperative and probability. "Might", "must," "should", and "would" are the most common modal verbs.

    For example:-
    "I might teach English on the web for a few more years." Here 'might' is a modal verb modifying 'teach'.

    More on Modal Verbs.
    Category: Grammar
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  27. just tell me how can i get to know when we have to use "verb + ing" form after the words like :- 1>suggest 2> mind 3> trouble. 1 - I don't mind going there. 2 - We have trouble managing our joint account.
    This is all about the use of the gerund (ing) form. There is a whole section on Gerunds and Infinitives here.
    Category: Grammar
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  28. 1. To take a shower.

    Here "shower" is a uncountable noun then why don't we use "take some shower".
    1. You seem to be confused. Shower is not uncountable.

    For example:-
    If the area doesn't have much water, don't take two showers every day.

    !Note - take + noun is used to describe common actions, we can use either have or take. Have is more characteristic of British English whereas Americans would be more inclined to use take.
    Category: Grammar
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  29. I wonder if you would kindly clarify a point for me. Is "day" a common or an abstract noun? Many thanks Sal
    I would say that 'day' is a common noun. It is measurable and refers to a group of similar things.
    Category: Grammar
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  30. How should the following sentence be written in Subject Verb Agreement?

    "Each of the instructors are attending the conference next weekend."
    I would write:-
    "Each of the instructors is attending the conference next weekend."
    (Even though you have the plural 'instructors' you are talking about them individually 'each of'.)

    You could write:-
    The instructors are attending the conference next weekend.
    or
    They each are attending the conference next weekend.
    Category: Grammar
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  31. Articles

    Is it correct to say?
    "To obtain an HTML coder position"
    or
    "To obtain a HTML coder position"
    I would say:-
    "To obtain an HTML coder position."

    Why?

    Because 'H' in 'HTML' is pronounced aitch and therefore takes the article 'an'.

    You can see more about the use of the articles a/an/the here.
    Category: Grammar
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  32. Please clear this rule :- we normally say "moving car" , "writing pad","rolling stone"," parking area" but we never say "passing marks" ,"junking box". so please make it clear when i should use -ing form and when i should not .
    These are all forms of compound nouns, for example swimming pool is a compound noun. Unfortunately there is no 'rule' (that I know of). Just as some words do not exist in English so do some forms of compound nouns, however logical they may seem to you.
    Category: Grammar
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  33. What is a demonstrative adjective?
    They are adjectives which show the distance of an object or objects.
    this and that = singular
    these and those = plural


    For example:-
    this, these = near me
    that, those = near you
    that, those = far away

    Category: Grammar
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  34. How many perfect tenses are there?
    There are three:-
    Present Perfect
    Past Perfect
    Future Perfect
    The Present Perfect and Past Perfect Tenses have two forms, the present perfect simple, past perfect simple, the present perfect continuous and the past perfect continuous .
    Category: Grammar
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  35. How do I form the perfect participle?
    Take the present participle of have (having) and put it in front of the past participle of the verb you wish to use.

    For example:-
    having asked
    having eaten
    having used
    Category: Grammar
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  36. Please correct me if they are wrong:-

    1> he started learning english in 2004.
    or he strated to learn english in 2004.
    They are both correct (apart from your use of capitals and spelling).

    He started learning English in 2004. He started to learn English in 2004.
    Category: Grammar
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  37. What's the difference between an auxilliary verb and a modal verb?
    An auxilliary verb is a helping verb in that it helps to give the main verb in a sentence more meaning. An auxilliary verb on its own has little meaning.

    For example:-
    I am running. (Here the auxilliary verb (to be - am) is helping the action verb (to run - running).

    A modal verb is a helping verb too, but it gives a special meaning to the main verb. It has an actual meaning on its own.

    For example:-
    I can speak English. (Here the modal verb (can) is helping the action verb (to speak). It shows the ability of the subject to speak English.
    Category: Grammar
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  38. Dear Sir/Madam. Which sentences are correct ? - Everyone has to do his own research, or - Everyone has do their own research Thanks for your reply. Regards, Edy
    Good one! The thing with English is there is what is gramatically correct, and then there is what people usually say. In formal English, it is considered grammatically correct to use the adjective his to agree with indefinite pronouns such as anyone and everyone. e.g. Everyone has to do his own research. However, it is considered less discriminatory to use a phrase such as his or her to agree with such pronouns. e.g. Everyone has to do his or her own research. In informal English, the problem of gender is often avoided by the use of the plural adjective their. e.g. Everyone has do their own research. However, this use of their is often considered to be grammatically incorrect in formal (exam) English.
    Category: Grammar
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  39. When to use Should be Should have been Thanks
    When we want something to happen, and it is reasonable to expect it to, we use should or shouldn't. The rest is about the time frame. For example:- Today is Saturday. If you say "It should be nice tomorrow." You are predicting the weather for Sunday. OK now it is Monday. If you say "It should have been nice yesterday." You are complaining that your previous prediction about Sunday's weather was wrong.
    Category: Grammar
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  40. Hi Should i write: 1. To take a risk 2. To take the risk 3. To take risk Which article is correct? thank you!
    To take a risk. When it stands alone - it's one of the collocations that goes with take (there are lots more). If you elaborated though you could say something like:- To take the risk of doing something dangerous.
    Category: Grammar
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  41. Which of the following is correct:
    1. I'm doing martial arts for 10 years
    2. I've been doing martial arts for ten years
    3. I've done martial arts for 10 years

    Thank you!
    If you wanted to talk about how long a situation has lasted you could say 2 or 3. However:-
    If you say, "I have been doing martial arts for 10 years," it implies you have not necessarily finished doing martial arts. This is the present perfect continuous.

    If you say "I've done martial arts for 10 years," it implies you are going to stop now. This is the present perfect simple.
    Category: Grammar
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  42. Please help me to determine the correct sentences below : 1. The trembled children were given a blanket for warmth, or The trembling children were given a blanket for warmth 2. When James noticed the burning building, he notified the fire department immediately, or When James noticed the burnt building, he notified the fire department immediately 3. Dr. Jameson told my brother to elevate his aching foot, or Dr. Jameson told my brother to elevate his ached foot.
    1. The trembling children were given a blanket for warmth. - They were trembling with cold, so they were given a blanket. You can't have a 'trembled child'. 2. When James noticed the burning building, he notified the fire department immediately. - The building was burning, so the fire department had a chance to put the fire out. If the building was burnt the fire department would be useless. 3. Dr. Jameson told my brother to elevate his aching foot. - His foot is aching and elevating it will ease the pain. You can't have an 'ached foot'.
    Category: Grammar
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  43. When do I use I and when do I use me?
    The personal pronouns I and me are often mixed up. When you are the subject it's I, when you are the object it's me. To avoid trouble, delete any other person from the equation and see what you’re left with. If you’ve written David and me went to the pub, take away David. You’re left with Me went to the pub. That sounds strange, so you know that I, not me, is correct.
    Category: Grammar
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  44. What are the neccessary conditions to form these types of sentences, and are they correct:- 1>i am glad to meet(/see/hear/find/learn of/know of )you. 2>he was uncomfortable to recieve my miss calls. 3> he was scared to commit a crime. ( as "he was scared to see the ghost.")
    The following are correct:- 1. I am glad to meet you. - This is just a general greeting used when meeting someone for the first time. 3. He was scared to commit a crime. ( as "he was scared to see the ghost.") 2. He was uncomfortable to receive my calls. or He was uncomfortable receiving my calls. !Note - learn about the use of the gerund and the infinitive.
    Category: Grammar
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  45. If I want to refer to a set of solid bodies (Like messages, tables , bags...etc) should I use the pronoun "it" or "them"?
    I am not sure what you mean by "solid bodies" however the examples you use - messages, tables, bags etc are all plural nouns - if the noun is plural, the pronoun must be plural also - they and them. For example:- Could you pick up my messages for me? They are at reception, just leave them on my desk, please.
    Category: Grammar
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  46. ____you and me,i don't think there was anyone there under thirty. a.including b.apart from. Answer B is right, why can't i choose Answer A?
    You must choose b because you are making an exception to the statement.
    Category: Grammar
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  47. Auxiliary verbs

    In recent years, the stated policy goal of the United States has been the maintenance of sustainable harvests. "what is the auxiliary verb in this sentence"?
    Auxilliary verbs include - to be, to do, to have.
    Category: Grammar
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  48. I've got a question on indefinite adjectives and pronouns. I know we use "some" before plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns, and "a/an" before singular countable nouns ("a chocolate cake"). Yet, can we also use "some" before a singular countable noun to refer to "a piece of" something? (e.g. "I'd like some chocolate cake" or "Can I have some of your hamburger?" (a piece of your hamburger). I've always thought this was possible, too, but actually I haven't found this rule anywhere... Thank you for your great service! Annalisa
    You can use some with countable and uncountable nouns. Best practice is to use some for affirmative statements:- I have got some chocolate cake. I have got some chocolates. And any for questions and negative statements: Have you got any chocolate cake? I haven't got any chocolates. Countable and Uncountable Nouns.
    Category: Grammar
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  49. I know that "fish" is plural and we don't put "es" at the end of this word,however a few times i saw this word written like this "fishes" with "es" at the end. What does it mean? The same is with the word "fruit" sometimes i saw this word written like this "fruits" What is this, how to explain it?
    Usually the word fish is uncountable. However, (there is always an exception) "fishes" is the proper English plural form of "fish" that scientists use when speaking about two or more fish species, as in "There are over 25,000 fishes in the world" (meaning that there are over 25,000 fish species in the world). When speaking of two or more individual fish organisms, then the word "fish" is used, as in "There are several million fish of the species Gadus morhua" (meaning that G. morhua comprises several million individuals). To see both in action, consider the statement "There are twelve fish in this aquarium, representing five fishes" (meaning that the aquarium contains twelve individuals, some of the same species and some of different species, for a total of five species). The usage of the two words is similar to that of the words "people" and "peoples" / "fruit" and "fruits".
    Category: Grammar
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  50. Can we use "will" with "I and We"? What is the difference between "Shall " and "Will"?
    I will, you will, he/she will, they will, you will, we will - it's a nice easy one. Shall is just more formal and usually only used in British English. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensefuture.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  51. My question is: according to the English dictionary is the letter "y" a vowel? My friend so confidently claims it is not, that I'm beginning to have doubts myself!
    The vowels are a, e, i, o and u. The letter y however can act as a consonant or a vowel, but is traditionally counted as a consonant.
    Category: Grammar
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  52. The thief forced the lock______. A.open B.opened. which answer is right, or both are ritht, is there any differences?
    He forced the lock open. - You can't say opened - however, you could say:- He opened the lock by force. Do you see why?
    Category: Grammar
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  53. I would like to know the correct usage for past tense of dream.Is it dreamed or dreamt? Thank you
    Both. Dreamed is more American, dreamt is more British. Dreamed is now catching on in the UK too and is considered more modern. Your best bet is to decide on one and stick to it.
    Category: Grammar
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  54. Backtrack to those days where internet (are or were) just bare concepts, and compare it with today’s technologies. Do i use are or were up there?
    I would say:- Backtrack to those days where the Internet was just a bare concept, and compare it with today’s technologies.
    Category: Grammar
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  55. Could you please tell me how to change this sentence into indirect speech: He said,"God bless you."
    Personally I wouldn't put this into indirect speech. However if you absolutely have to you could say "He asked God to bless me."
    Category: Grammar
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  56. I am 37 yrs old and live in mumbai, india. I always like to improve upon my english grammer. But still all of a sudden my son asked me this question on grammer one day and i could not answer. It was embarassing for me. Please clarify my following doubt. What would be the passive voice in a future-continuous-tense sentence. For ex. "i will be playing cricket." Is the passive voice for this sentence "cricket will be being played by me" or something else because i have not heard this construction of sentence. Thanking you. Sanjay Joshi
    The passive voice is very rarely used with the continuous verb forms for present perfect, past perfect, future and future perfect tenses. The main reason for this is it sounds bloody awful. So, regarding your sentence - it sounds wrong because no one would ever say it.
    Category: Grammar
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  57. We say "they hate one another" or "they hate each other". Can you also say "they hate one each other"? 'cause my teacher says so. please explain why or why not. thanks a lot! cheers!
    No, you can't say "They hate one each other." Why? You just can't. ;-) "each other" = "one another" they are both pronouns and are used to show that each person in a group of two or more people does something to the others.
    Category: Grammar
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  58. Two questions: what do you call a noun that refers to sexless objects (like cup, book) and (2) what do you call a noun that consists of several words (like Fourth of July)?
    Sexless objects are called "it". For example:- I put my cup in the washing up when it was empty. "Fourth of July" is a noun phrase. A noun phrase is either a single noun or pronoun or a group of words containing a noun or a pronoun that function together as a noun or pronoun, as the subject or object of a verb.
    Category: Grammar
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  59. In the following "his" is a possessive adjective: "this is his book". Next we have "his" as a possessive pronoun: "this is his". Now, using a proper noun, I assume that in the following "Mary's" is merely the possessive (genitive) case of a proper noun: "this is Mary's book". However, what part of speech is "Mary's" in the following?: "this is Mary's". Thanks.
    We don't often use the genitive any more (thank goodness). So, "This is Mary's book," is the possessive. "This is Mary's" is still the possessive, you don't need a following noun as long as the meaning is clear. For example:- Q. Whose coat is this? A. It's Mary's.
    Category: Grammar
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  60. HELLO I know that we use "'s" e.g. My brother's car or "'" My sisters' bedroom IF WE WANT TO INDICATE THAT SOMETHING BELONGS TO SOMEONE, I KNOW ALSO THAT WE USE THESE CONSTRUCTIONS TO PEOPLE, ANIMALS AND TO EVERYTHING THAT IS NOT A "THING" BECAUSE FOR THINGS WE USE "OF" e.g. THE ROOF OF THE HOUSE instead of HOUSE'S ROOF My question is what about flowers, which construction should i use e.g. FLOWER'S LEAVES OR THE LEAVES OF THE FLOWERS which is more correct??? thank you!
    It is usual to only use the possessive form with people, apart from a few exceptions. So, you would be more correct to say "The petals of the flower". !Note - petals = One of the parts of a flower that is arranged in a circle. They are the colored part of the flower. Apologies if you meant the green leaves!
    Category: Grammar
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  61. In which category can I find "a lot of" and "lots of"
    The two forms mean exactly the same thing. Lots of is simply more informal than a lot of. They are more common than much or many in affirmative sentences. You can use both expressions with singular (uncountable) or plural nouns. Just make sure your verb agrees if a lot of or lots of refer to the subject of your sentence. For example:- uncountable noun, singular verb: 'There's still lots of work to do.' 'A lot of time is wasted in meetings.' plural noun, plural verb: 'A lot of people were affected by the storm.' 'There are lots of interesting things to do here.
    Category: Grammar
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  62. Do you say "at a corner", "in a corner" or "on a corner"? I've seen "at" and "on", but don't know when each one should be used... Can you, please, tell me?
    At and on are interchangeable but avoid using the same preposition twice For example:- "I'll see you at the shop on the corner." "He'll meet you on the bus at the corner of the road." "In the corner" means the corner is where two walls of a room come together. You could stand in a corner if you've been naughty.
    Category: Grammar
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  63. "I was going to primary school in France" "We were having lunch and then we were doing shopping." Is it better to use past simple in the sentences above, if so, could you tell me why??? It seems to me that almost always we can use past continuous instead of past simple, but is it always OK??? thanks!
    Yes it is. I went to primary school in France. I had lunch and then did the shopping. It's all about the sequence in which things happen. In your examples either the thing has ended or one thing followed another. You use the past continuous to show what was happening when something else happened. For example:- I was driving to Frankfurt when I crashed the car. - Oops! The phone rang while I was having a shower. - Typical!
    Category: Grammar
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  64. Hi to get a WORK or to get a JOB (which is better, and what's the difference) thanks!
    I need to get some work. (No article because work (in this context) is uncountable.) I need to get a job. (Article because jobs are countable.)
    Category: Grammar
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  65. Hello Ellie! Thanks for answering my questions. Last time i asked you : to get a WORK or to get a JOB (which is better, and what's the difference) thanks! I just wanted to know what's the difference between "work" and "job" Are these words different, which is it better to use? "I got work" or "I got a job" Do they mean the same? thank you!
    A job is more permanent than work. As a freelance English teacher I am often offered work, but no one wants to give me a job.
    Category: Grammar
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  66. What is the correct way to use ( has,have,had) when i have to use it ?
    The verb to have is used in a variety of ways, for possession, past simple, present perfect, "have" as an auxiliary verb etc. etc. etc. Don't try to tackle English grammar this way.
    Category: Grammar
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  67. I'd like to know what's the difference between "play piano" and "play the piano"?when to use the former one and when to use the later one? any bigger difference?
    "The British use the with a musical instrument (play the piano), but Americans sometimes leave it out (play piano)." Oxford Guide to English Grammar, by John Eastwood, 1994
    Category: Grammar
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  68. What's the difference between "some" and "any" and I need an exercise on them.
    Any is normally used with plural and uncountable nouns in questions, negative and conditional sentences. For example:- Do you have any sugar? I don't have any money. If you need any help with your English, just ask me. Some is normally used with plural and uncountable nouns in positive sentences and when we ask a question and expect a positive answer:- For example:- You have some lovely plants in your garden. Would you like some tea? Shall I send you some brochures?
    Category: Grammar
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  69. In this sentence what is the dangling modifier? While jogging, a good topic for Anton's English paper occurred to him.
    While jogging - who was jogging? http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_dangmod.html
    Category: Grammar
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  70. Hello Ellie! "Have you ever met a famous person?" "Who did you meet?" or "Have you ever acted in a play?" "What role did you play?" My question is about the tenses. Do i have to use the past simple in the questions above. Could i ask for example "Who have you met" or "What role have you played" Would it be wrong to use the present perfect in both cases??? thanks
    We often use the present perfect to discuss what we have done in our lives. So "Have you ever acted in a play." is correct. However, once you talk about a particular play you have to use the simple past because you are discussing a particular point of time in your life. The same for a famous person:- "Have you ever met a famous person?" = in your life. "Who did you meet?" = at the time you met them.
    Category: Grammar
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  71. I read on my English grammar book the following sentence: "As soon as we get to the meeting, the presentation will have started" I would like to ask you the difference between "when" and "as soon as".
    I wouldn't actually say that in this context. I would say:- "By the time we get to the meeting, the presentation will have started." As soon as means at the same time or a very short time after. So, you could say:- "As soon as we get to the meeting, the presentation will start." When can also mean the time at which. So, you could say:- "When we get to the meeting, the presentation will start."
    Category: Grammar
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  72. I would ask you the construction of “QUITE”. “I live in A quite big flat” or “I live in quite a big flat” “I have a quite / quite a small kitchen” – where do I a put the article?
    This is quite a web site! = This is a very good website! However, when quite is used to modify adjectives with nouns, it can mean rather. This is quite a good web site. = This is a reasonably good web site. So, you would usually say "I live in quite a big flat." Because big and good are gradeable adjectives and quite modifies them to mean not very, very big or good. If you use quite with a non-gradeable adjective you can say "a quite" when the intention is to emphasize the strength of that adjective. For example:- She leads a quite perfect life. - This means her life is 100% perfect.
    Category: Grammar
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  73. When the verb to be comes with the word 'to', what does it mean? For example, "I'm to go."
    Actually you wouldn't really say "I'm to go." You may say "I'm to go to...." when someone offers advice or gives an order. For example:- My doctor told me I'm to go to the gym as much as I can. Or from the Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe:- "Like what?" said Susan; "and anyway, it's time you were in bed." "Trying to talk like Mother," said Edmund. "And who are you to say when I'm to go to bed? Go to bed yourself." "Hadn't we all better go to bed?" said Lucy. "There's sure to be a row if we're heard talking here."
    Category: Grammar
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  74. Too vs enough The bridge isn't wide. We can't drive over it. The bridge isn't wide enough to drive over it. The bridge is too narrow to drive over it. The bridge isn't too wide to drive over it. What is wrong with these? and the last one in particular..
    Enough means "sufficient", or"as much or many (of something) as necessary". Too means "more than enough" or "more than is needed or wanted". So the bridge is either "too narrow" or "not wide enough". The following are ok:- The bridge isn't wide enough to drive over it. The bridge is too narrow to drive over it. You could also say:- The bridge isn't wide enough. We can't drive over it. The bridge isn't wide. We can't drive over it. If you say:- "The bridge isn't too wide to drive over it." You have to ask yourself why would a bridge be too wide to drive over. It's nonsense.
    Category: Grammar
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  75. Please can you explain in simple terms what is a past participle? How does the past participle differ from the past tense?
    Let's start with a participle, in English a participle can function independently as an adjective and to form compound tenses, it can modify a noun or pronoun. Present participles are the -ing form of verbs and past participles the -ed forms of verbs - (for irregular verbs, this is column 3). If we take from the verb "to bake" the past participle baked you can form the sentence "We had some baked beans". Used with an auxiliary verb we can use the past participle baked in the passive sentence "The beans were baked too long."
    Category: Grammar
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  76. Hi, I am having problems in differentiating between complete as an adjective and complete as a verb at times. Is it correct to say a job is completed, meaning finished or acted upon by using the passive voice? I keep hearing people say it is completed but I am not quite sure if the usage is correct. It is sort of like the store is open, which I figured out to be an adjective. When I say I completed the job, I know I am talking about the past but when it comes to using "is," it is a blur. Please clear this up for me.
    As a verb it means to finish or end something. He completed the project. When a verb is used like an adjective it becomes a participle, it means something has been successfully completed or brought to an end. The completed project. - here the past participle is used as an adjective The job is completed - past participle (compound verb with auxiliary ‘is' from ‘to be')
    Category: Grammar
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  77. What can I do to learn adverbs - comparative and superlative?
    Have a look at my adverbs page and Picture It. But remember to learn something properly you have to use it.
    Category: Grammar
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  78. Hi Ellie 1."Good to see your getting an education" 2. "There called SONY" I'd like to ask you why do you say or write sometimes "your" instead of "You are" (sentence nr one) And the second sentence "there" instead of "they are called SONY" is it some sort of SLANG just like "gonna" or "wanna"!? thanks
    In spoken English we tend to use the short form for you are - you're - or they are - they're. Notice the use of an apostrophe. It's not slang like gonna or wanna, it's natural English. 1. Good to see you're getting an education. 2. They're called Sony. Short forms in English.
    Category: Grammar
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  79. Could you tell me what's the difference between neither and either and giving me some examples? Thank you so much
    You can use either to say that something is true about two things or people. For example: Either answer is correct. If either of the parents leave it will be a mistake. You can use neither to make a negative statement about two things or people. For example:- Neither answer is correct. Neither of them should leave.
    Category: Grammar
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  80. Hi! I'm a student and the next week I'll have the FCE Examination...I think it's a little bit early for me to take this exam...so I have a lot of doubts. Here are my questions: In which cases I can use "TO" + "a verb + -ING"? I wait for your answer! Thank you very much! BYE!
    Here are the most common uses of the form "to +verb +ing":- Look forward to I am looking forward to meeting him. Be/get used to I am used to answering questions on the forum. I am getting used to using the web site. Get round to I get round to answering questions eventually. Object to I have never objected to running this web site.
    Category: Grammar
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  81. What is the difference between adjectives ending in -ing and -ed?
    Adjectives ending in ‘-ing’ usually describe the effect that something has on someone's feelings. A few adjectives ending in ‘-ing’ describe a process or state that continues over a period of time. Most adjectives ending in ‘-ed’ describe people's feelings. Have a look at the a href="http://www.learnenglish.de/Level1/Extras/CommonMistakes.htm" target="newwin">Common Mistakes in English page for a couple of examples - bored vs boring and interested vs interesting.
    Category: Grammar
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  82. When must/can we use 'have had' together? What is the difference between (1)I have to have & I got to have (2) I have to go & I got to go (3) I have something & I have got something ?
    "Have had " - present perfect tense. Thanks I've had a lot of fun. I have to have = I need something in order to do something... I have to have a lap top to run the web site effectively. I got to have = slang (very American slang at that). I have to go. = I must leave now. Gosh is that the time! Sorry, I have to go now. I got to go. (This could be slang for the above, but it can also mean I had the opportunity of going somewhere). I won the competition and got to go to Paris. I have something = I have got something. (I have got is very British English).
    Category: Grammar
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  83. Dear Ellie, Why are these verbs - Dare, need, ought to, used to called marginal modals or marginal verbs? What does that mean? Thank you very much.
    Some grammarians use the following terms for expressions such as dare to, ought to, have to and need to are: "near modals," "quasi-modals," "semi-modals," or "marginal modals". Ugh. This helps to differentiate them from modals. They function like modals, but they are not real modals. For example:- I have to go now. = I must go now.
    Category: Grammar
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  84. Dear Ellie, I was studying the meaning of the phrasal verb "to go off" in the dictionary Longman, And I saw the following example: Why did the painter leave his family and go off to live on a tropical island? Should't the verb "go off" here be "went off"? Thank you.
    Because you are asking the question Why did he do that?
    Category: Grammar
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  85. Dear Eliie, Are these sentences correct or do I have to use the "to" infinitive? The only thing I like to do on weekends is "stay" home and rest. Or should it be? "to stay home". One of the things she likes to do after work is "be" with her friends. Or should it be? "to be with her friends". Thanks a lot.
    In this case the infinitive can be used with or without to. I helped her answer the questions. = I helped her to answer the questions. The only thing I like to do at the weekend is (to) stay home and rest. It just sounds more natural if you leave it out.
    Category: Grammar
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  86. What is the past participle & what is the past perfect tense?
    This will explain what a past participle is. This will explain about the past perfect simple tense.
    Category: Grammar
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  87. What is an (ed)adjective and (ing) adjective?
    They are just adjectives. When the adjective ends in -ed, it usually describes a feeling towards something. A lot of people are interested in learning English. When the adjective ends in -ing, it describes the feeling given by something. A lot of people find learning English interesting. They often follow a pattern:- His explanation was confusing. Most students were confused by it. Adjectives ending in 'ed' are often followed by an infinitive clause:- The students were suprised to hear that she was leaving. There are a couple more examples on the common mistakes page - look up interested/interesting and bored/boring.
    Category: Grammar
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  88. Dear Ellie, Can I ask questions like this: Used he to have a house in the country? Is this correct? How can I answer this question? Is it correct: Yes, he used to, or yes, he did? Yhank you.
    No, you would ask:- Q. Did he use to have a house in the country. A. Yes he did. (short answer - natural English) or A. Yes he used to have a house in the country. (long answer - not very natural) Used to
    Category: Grammar
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  89. He started early/he started early on. I'll do it later/I'll do it later on. Which of the above are correct/better?
    "Early on" and "later on" are quite British. They mean at or during an early/late point or stage in time. Either are correct (on) can be used or not. For example:- They scored two goals early (on) in the game.
    Category: Grammar
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  90. Dear Ellie, Could you please explain to me what the meaning of "finite and non-finite" sentences mean? Is there a site where I could study the mean of them? Thanks for the help.
    When a sentence is built around a finite verbal part, it is a finite sentence. This site helps explain this more. When a sentence is built around a non-finite verbal part, then it is a non-finite sentence. This site helps explain this more.
    Category: Grammar
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  91. As far as i know the words "bread" and "fish" are uncountable. Can i put an indefinite article before these two words that is "a bread" and "a fish" Is it OK? Can i say "two breads" or "two fishes" Sometimes i heard people saying "two beers please" Shouldn't it be "two glasses of beer" for example? Thanks
    Category: Grammar
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  92. Do we use the form: prefer to do something rather than to do some thing or prefer to do something rather than do some thing?
    You can say:- Prefer requires to + infinitive. Rather is followed by a bare infinitive without to, it means instead of and can be used in combination with would prefer to. For example:- My teacher would prefer me to do my homework this evening, rather than go out with my friends.
    Category: Grammar
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  93. What tenses should be used in a sentence such as:he has lived/lived in new york for 2 years but now he lives in london.? i mean what the correct tenses are.
    He has lived in New York for 2 years ... = present perfect simple tense. ... but now he lives in London = simple present tense.
    Category: Grammar
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  94. Could I change "we were sitting" in this sentence for "we sat"? Next day WE WERE SITTTING in the car outside the house, when up the road came a tall lean man.
    When you use the past continuous you are clarifying what happened when and for how long. We sat in the car when ... - does not give the same information.
    Category: Grammar
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  95. Dear Ellie, Are the verbs "die" in these sentences finite or non-finite? Die, Doctor? That is the last thing I intend to do. Die, traitor! Every man found guilty of treachery pays the penalty. Thanks for your help.
    As the verb die is not inflected for person or tense then I woud say non-finite.
    Category: Grammar
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  96. 1.I stop to watch their game. 2.I stop watching their game. 3.I agree to you. 4.I agree with you. What is different between 1 and 2.3 and 4 too
    You need to rewrite 1 & 2 I stopped to watch their game. = I stopped what I was doing in order to watch the game they were playing. I stopped watching their game. = I didn't watch the game after this time. This page on gerund vs infinitive might help. For 3 and 4. I agree with you. = I agree with what you just said. You wouldn't say "I agree to you." You may say:- I agree to you doing that. = I give you my permission.
    Category: Grammar
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  97. Dear Ellie, Does the word "sleep" belong to the group of nouns called "abstract nouns"?
    An abstract noun is a noun that refers to an idea, emotion, feeling, or quality that cannot be detected by the five senses (touch, taste, hearing, sight, smell), you cannot sense sleep, so I would say that when you use the word sleep as a noun it is an abstract noun.
    Category: Grammar
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  98. Dear Ellie, Is "found" in this sentence finite or non-finite? We found him lying by the roadside and were almost sure at first that he was dead. What is the best way to know for sure if a verb is finite or non-finite? Thanks a lot for your help.
    OK I'll add this to the grammar pages, when I have time. A finite verb is a verb that has a subject, this means that it can be the main verb in a sentence. A non-finite verb has no subject and is usually indicated by the addition of 'to' to the sentence. For example. I went to England to learn English. In this sentence 'went' is a finite verb, and the subject of went is 'I' - 'to learn' is a non-finite verb. In your example 'found' is a finite verb.
    Category: Grammar
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  99. What are the 2 comparing forms of the adverb regularly?
    Superlative = Most regularly. For example:- The most regularly read newspaper in the UK is the Sun. Comparative = More regularly. For example:- I have to start exercising more regularly.
    Category: Grammar
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  100. In which cases do I have to use "IF" instead of "WHEN" and vice versa?
    We use if to talk about something uncertain or conditional. For example:- They promised me the job if I pass my exams. = Here the writer isn't 100% certain he'll pass his exams and the job is conditional upon his success. We use when for situations involving preparation or the passage of time. For example:- When I retire I will travel more. = I know I will retire sometime and then I'll be able to travel.
    Category: Grammar
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  101. What's the difference between these two sentences? Mary's been a teacher for 20 years. Mary taught for 20 years.
    Mary's been a teacher for 20 years. = She's still a teacher, or only recently stopped teaching. Mary taught for 20 years. = She is no longer a teacher. !Note Mary's been teaching for 20 years. = She is definitely still teaching.
    Category: Grammar
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  102. I'm not sure why and where do I have to use ''a'' in front of these (and simular examples,if you can tell me the rule): He has already discovered many a blues man.
    "Many a" is a common phrase used to describe each of a large indefinite number; "many a man"; "many another day will come". For example:- I've answered many a question on English grammar.
    Category: Grammar
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  103. Which option is correct: What time have they arrived? Or what time did they arrive? Is there any difference in meaning? Thanks a lot for the help.
    You would ask:- What time did they arrive? They arrived in the past and therefore you need to use the simple past tense. If you wanted to know simply if they were there, without any mention of time, you would ask:- Have they arrived?
    Category: Grammar
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  104. Hello, Ellie I want you to help me with superlatives and comparatives but big and small differences, using, nearly, quite as .. far more, easily, by far, that! please help me! THANK YOU
    Nearly, almost and easily can be used to mean almost. She's nearly as tall as her father now. She's almost as tall as her father now. She's easily as tall as her father now. Quite as is usually used in the negative:- She's not quite as tall as her father, yet. But:- She's taller than her father by far. She's far taller than her father.
    Category: Grammar
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  105. What is the difference between so+adjective and too+adjective in meaning?
    When used with an adjective "so" can be used to mean to a very great extent or degree. For example:- She was so clever everyone wanted to hear her opinion. When you use "too" it means to an excessive degree. It can be seen as a criticism. For example:- She was too clever, no one wanted to listen to her opinion.
    Category: Grammar
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  106. Dear Ellie, I was told that only the personal pronoun "it" can be used to talk about a new born. Is it true? What if I already know the baby's sex? Thanks for the help.
    No. That kind of grammar exists in German, but as soon as we know the sex of a baby we say "he" or "she" - even in the womb.
    Category: Grammar
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  107. Grammatically, is there any difference between: The bank is planning to open a new branch. and The bank plans to open a new branch. If so, what is it?
    There's not a huge difference. The bank is planning to open a new branch. = This indicates the plans are well under way. The bank plans to open a new branch. = This could be soon or some time in the future.
    Category: Grammar
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  108. What is the diffrence between spite of and despite?
    For starters we always say "in spite of". They are interchangeable and are used to show that one fact makes another fact surprising. For example:- In spite of her poor health, she is always cheerful. Despite her poor health, she is always cheerful.
    Category: Grammar
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  109. ...Explore entertanment, such as TV and music, on your Windows Vista-based PC like never before. 1. Is there a comparative degree in this sentence? 2. If so, what kind of comparative.
    The sentence doesn't compare anything.
    Category: Grammar
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  110. I get confused when to use don't and doesn't.
    I we you they = don't He she it = doesn't To Do.
    Category: Grammar
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  111. I get confused in using articles
    You're not alone. Just remember we use them a lot more in English than many other languages. I have written a simple guide to the use of articles in the English language here.
    Category: Grammar
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  112. I get confused when using propositions.
    I think you mean prepositions. Beyond studying them the best way to really learn is to practise. Try coming onto the forum.
    Category: Grammar
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  113. Would you please tell me the difference/s between "a lot of"and "lots of".
    There's no real difference in meaning, both "lots of" and "a lot of" are used before singular uncountable nouns, plural nouns and pronouns. "Lots of" is more informal than "a lot of". For example:- Countable - "There are a lot of dogs in the dog shelter." "There are lots of dogs in the dog shelter." Uncountable - "There is a lot of sugar in the bowl." "There is lots of sugar in the bowl."
    Category: Grammar
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  114. I would like to know about the various kind of use of 'would,would be,would have been'in details with example.
    The modal verb "would" is explained here. It is also used in a number of different forms of the conditional: 2nd conditional If I went to China, I would visit the Great Wall. Mixed conditional If he hadn't missed the bus, he would be here now. 3rd conditional If she had studied harder, she would have passed her exams.
    Category: Grammar
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  115. i get confused when to use ON, IN, AT
    This pictorial representation might help:- Prepositions of place Prepositions of time
    Category: Grammar
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  116. How can I differentiate the usage of ON and IN? Although in some cases it is obvious so as to which one to use, other times it is difficult for me to know because my first language is Spanish and there is only one word for either case "en". Can you help me on this? Thank You.
    Prepositions of place: On relates to a surface. For example:- I put the report on your desk. (Here I would expect to find the report in full view on my desk.) In relates to an enclosed space. For example:- I put the report in your desk. (Here I would expect to find the report inside my desk - perhaps in a drawer.)
    Category: Grammar
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  117. I get confused when to use WILL and WOULD.
    Simply put:- I will do something = a promise. For example:- I will answer your question. I would do something = the start of an excuse. For example:- I would give you more examples, if I had more time. There's a page on modal verbs here.
    Category: Grammar
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  118. sir i am a beginner in learning english.i dont know when the preposition follows in the spoken english.
    Prepositions are used to place things in time and place. Most often they come before a noun. I have written a guide here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/preposittext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  119. You can contract: What´s this?, what´s in the car? what´s your question? But why can´t you contract: What is it? You can´t say: what´s it? What is the explanation here? thank you
    You can, but only in very informal speech / slang. Note that the sound "s" after "what" can have several meanings:- "What's it like?" 's = is "What's he do?" 's = does "What's he done?" 's = has
    Category: Grammar
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  120. I have questions on transitive and intransitive verbs? Are these sentences transitive or intransitive and why? 1. The lion roared at the mouse. 2. Bala ran to class. 3. Jane arrived at school. 4. I am going to school. 5. Jane hid behind the door. Thanks
    Intransitive verbs = subject + verb If an action concerns only one person or thing, you mention only the person or thing that carries out the action (the subject) and the action itself (the intransitive verb). For example:- Slept is an intransitive verb. He slept. Intransitive verbs are often followed by a prepositional or adverbial phrase to provide more information about the action - when, where, how and why etc. For example:- He slept late. But it's still an intransitive verb. Transitive verbs = subject + verb + object Transitive verbs involve not only the subject, but also someone or something else, the object. Transitive verbs are incomplete without the object. Some transitive verbs can have two objects, an indirect object followed by a direct object, or sometimes two objects, an indirect object followed by a direct object. The clue in spotting them is that although they may be followed by adverbial or prepositional phrases, transitive verbs cannot be used intransitively. For example: She brought me my breakfast in bed on a silver tray. You cannot just say:- She brought me. Unofortunately some verbs can be used both transitively and intransitively. The object is often not needed when it is obvious what you are talking about. But you may want to add it to provide more information. For example:- I'm drinking. or I'm drinking a cup of tea. So your examples:- 1. The lion roared at the mouse. (Roared is usually intransitive - at the mouse is a prepositional phrase) 2. Bala ran to class. (Ran can be either - here it is intransitive - there is no object - to class is a prepositional phrase) 3. Jane arrived at school. (Arrived is always an intransitive verb) 4. I am going to school. (Go is always intransitive) 5. Jane hid behind the door. (Hid can be either - here it is intransitive - there is no object - just an prepositional phrase - behind the door)
    Category: Grammar
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  121. What is the difference in usage of "As much as" and "The more...,the more..."
    We use "as much as" when we are talking about quantity and want to compare uncountable nouns. For example:- I don't have as much money as Bill Gates. We use the phrase "The more..., the more..." to show effect. For example:- "The more you save now, the more money you'll have to spend on holiday." (It's not just more ... more either) For example:- "The more you revise, the better you'll do in the exam."
    Category: Grammar
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  122. Some newscasters on the BBc say: He said that the government HAS decided to take action against corrupt political leaders. Is it correct grammatically?
    Yes, this is the present perfect simple, it indicates that the government has recently made the decision. If you mentioned when they made it you would use the past simple. For example:- Yesterday the government made the decision to take action against corrupt political leaders.
    Category: Grammar
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  123. Q.No.1. What is the difference between the following two sentences? He is working in a school for one year. He has been working in a school for one year.
    The first sentence is wrong, the second is correct. Present Perfect Simple
    Category: Grammar
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  124. Hello ! please I want to ask about what's the difference between these sentences:- I had played football in the garden / I had been playing football in the garden / I have played football in the garden
    Sometimes you need to give just a little bit more information about an action or state...and that is where the perfect tenses come in. The perfect tenses are used when an action or situation in the present is linked to a moment in the past. It is often used to show things that have happened up to now but aren't finished yet or to emphasize that something happened but is not true anymore. When they end determines which of them you use. The only example of yours that I would use would be I had been playing football in the garden - and you still need more information before you would do so:- For example:- I was tired because I had been playing football in the garden. Perfect tenses are never used when we say when something happened i.e. yesterday, last year etc. but can be used when discussing the duration of something i.e. often, for, always, since etc..
    Category: Grammar
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  125. Dear Ellie, I'm facing a problem about expressing preference due to limited sources about it. It's about:prefer..to../would rather..than../would prefer, etc. How to use it and what verb needed? moreover, can we say 'prefer' with 'rather than'? Where can I find some tests covered this topic? I appreciate your help, indeed.
    It's fine to use "I would rather" but in spoken English you would contract it. For example:- I’d rather go to the mountains than the beach. If you want to use prefer you have to use the infinitive form and you wouldn't usually mention the alternative. For example:- I’d prefer to go to the mountains. You could use prefer with rather than. For example:- I’d prefer to go to the mountains rather than the beach. I only found one online test and it had mistakes in it. If I have time I'll try to get one online on the Tests page.
    Category: Grammar
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  126. I'm an ESL teacher not by profession, but because I'm a native speaker. In looking for some lessons online, I've recently found things that teach the use of "Can I" rather than "May I" in requesting permission. Have the grammar rules changed for this? When I learned grammar many (many) years ago, "Can I" was absolutely NOT acceptable. Permission requests were ALWAYS expected to be in the form of "May I". Thanks!
    He he - Traditionally may = request permission to do something, can = to have the ability to and when I went to school "May I" was the order of the day, but it's a bit old-fashioned nowadays. Sigh. It's quite normal to hear "Can I help you?" or "How can I help you?" even in ***** hotels. If asking for permission I think it's fine to use "Could I ...?" Yes things have changed. My nephew always says "Can I have that?" It's worth pointing it out to your students so that they don't think that everyone in the UK is being rude if they visit one day.
    Category: Grammar
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  127. Dear Ellie, I really appreciate your work and efforts. I am grateful to you for andwering my questions. kindly oblige me answering one more question. Q.If a person has spent one year working in one place and he is still working in the same place, what will we say? 1. He is working here for one year. 2. He has been working here for one year. Thanks, Muhammad Aejaz Pervez.
    When talking about situations which started in the past and are still going on you can use the present perfect simple or the present perfect continuous:- "He has worked here for a year." = PPS or "He has been working here for a year." = PPC
    Category: Grammar
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  128. Please explain why 'just you and me' or 'for you and me' or 'between you and me' is correct. My boyfriend thinks that these phrases should have 'just you and I.' He doesn't believe that I am right. He says they sound funny with 'me.' Thank you...Karen
    Just ask him: Is this for you or is it for me? I hope he will realise that "Is this for you or is it for I?" sounds even funnier. The general rule is you don't use I after is, "It is just you and me," - "This is for you and me," - "This is between you and me." Good luck! And remember relationships are more important than grammar. ;-)
    Category: Grammar
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  129. A question's been haunting me for a long time.I hav seen people using "would" to refer to Simple Future Tense.BUt as far as i know abt it dat it can be used in indirect speech,as future in the past,for interpersonal uses,past habits,willingness and in conditional sentences.Yes it is true dat sometimes interpersonal uses of "would" sounds Future Tense.But i hav heard people using "would" just to refer to simple future tense where "will" shud hav been used.There was no indication(in their tones/situation) of interpersonal uses or anything dat i mentioned before abt "would".Now, wud u pls tell me if it is grammatically correct to use "would" to refer to Simple Future Tense.
    Would is often used to make polite requests, which can cause confusion:- 'Would you like to help me finish this lesson?' 'Would you pick Jennifer up from school on Monday?'
    Category: Grammar
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  130. What are the exceptions for the articles a and an?
    Use an before unsounded h. For example: An hour. And when u makes the same sound as the y in you, or o makes the same sound as w in won, then a is used. For example: A unit A one-legged dog
    Category: Grammar
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  131. noun that refers to a sexless objects
    Are you sure you don't mean the pronoun "it"?
    Category: Grammar
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  132. A student said, "I will finish my work until tomorrow." He meant he has tomorrow to work as well, not "I will finish my work before tomorrow." What are the grammatical rules & errors behind why "I will finish my work until tomorrow" is incorrect. THANK YOU!
    By and until both indicate “any time before, but not later than". However in sentences like this we use "until" with negative verbs referring to a point of time. So, you should say "I won't finish my work until tomorrow." In affirmative sentences we use "by". So, you would say:- "I will finish my work by tomorrow."
    Category: Grammar
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  133. Which of these two are correct. All residents ages 60 and over.... All residents aged 60 and over...
    I would say:- All residents aged 60 and over. It's strange because generally "aged" is used an adjective: "She has two rather aged aunts", or as a verb: "She's aged well". However, we also use it to mean "of the age of": They've got one son, Jeremy, aged 6.
    Category: Grammar
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  134. Dear Ellie, Is there any difference in meaning when I say: Whose car is that? And whose is that car? Thank you very much for your help.
    No, the form whose can be used either as a possessive adjective followed by a noun, or as a possessive pronoun. But most people would ask "Whose car is that?" or "Whose is that?" (pointing at the car). http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/questiontext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  135. What is the Tag question for Never Mind? Could we use "Do I?" as a Tag Question for Never mind? Please reply as soon as possible!
    There isn't a tag question for never mind. You would say "Never mind," to tell someone not to worry about something because it is not important.
    Category: Grammar
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  136. What tense is "have been invited"? It is not "present perfect" because of the "been" but it is not present perfect continuous as there is no "ing" on "invite". Thanks for your help!
    Actually it is the present perfect, but it's not a complete sentence. Have you been invited to the party, yet? or Has David been invited?
    Category: Grammar
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  137. We have a disagreement at work. They are using the plural of accomodations and I think it is incorrect. It does not need to be pluralized. It should read accomodation. So that you can book your accomodation at this hotel, rather than you can book your accomodations at this hotel.
    Ha ha! It's one of my pet hates. Accommodation (note spelling) in the UK. That said it can be plural in the US.
    Category: Grammar
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  138. I did not see "then/than" in the confusing words site. Can you tell me? Since I probably use them wrong.
    Than is used to join two parts of a comparison or to compare numbers or amounts. For example:- My son is taller than my daughter. I spent more than I intended to. Then, is more complicated. It can show the order in which something is done. For example:- Let me finish this answer, then I'll go to bed. It can also be used to indicate time. For example:- The 1980's? Margaret Thatcher was prime minister then.
    Category: Grammar
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  139. I know it's not a complete sentence. What about "I have been invited to the party." Is that also present perfect, even though there is third verb? The third verb doesn't change it? Thank you for your help!
    The use of the present perfect is all about what time you want to show. When I hear "I have been invited to the party." I know that the party has not yet taken place. That's why you use the present perfect. This is the present perfect used in conjunction with the passive voice - I don't know who invited you to the party. If you put it into the active voice the structure changes and gets rid of the pesky extra verb (been):- Lynne has invited me to the party. The passive voice is explained here
    Category: Grammar
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  140. When is MS in salutation appropriate?
    I presume that you mean Ms? You use Ms when you are addressing a woman whose marital status is unknown or when the woman asks you to do so. It's usually only used in business. It is the female equivalent of Mr.
    Category: Grammar
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  141. which one is correct?a ro b? a. I can do everything to you. b. I can do everything for you. could you give me some detail distinguish ?
    If you do something for someone you usually help them in some way. For example:- Nurses do a lot for their patients. They give them their medicine, help them get dressed etc. If you do something to someone it can be positive or negative. For example:- A - My best friend is't speaking to me. B - Why what did you do to her? A - Nothing!
    Category: Grammar
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  142. IN DIRECT SPEECH WAT ARE THE CASES WHEN THE "?" COMES INSIDE OR OUTSIDE THE INVERTED COMMAS?
    If you need a question mark or exclamation mark the markers that punctuate the quoted words are enclosed by the speech marks.
    Category: Grammar
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  143. Which sentence is correct? Are the books in the bag? Are there the books in the bag?
    The first sentence is correct:- Are the books in the bag? You could also ask:- "Are the books there in the bag?" or "Are the books in the bag there?"
    Category: Grammar
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  144. Where should we use have, have been? I am confused to use this. Please give me a proper answer.
    The verb to have is used in a lot of different ways. I have written (there's one of them) a brief guide here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtohave.html
    Category: Grammar
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  145. Thank you for your help: a few is (2 or 3 or 4,...) few is 2,.... I have a few books , means, I have .....books.(2/3/4,..) I have few books,means.....
    1 question at a time please. A few is (2 or 3 or 4,...) Few is not many. I have a few books means I have some books. (I am happy about the number of books I have.) I have few books means I don't have many books. (I am not happy about the number of books I have.)
    Category: Grammar
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  146. Please let me know :about (many ,a lot of ,some ,...)
    I have written a brief explanation of this here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/noununcount.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  147. Verb/Noun Agreement with passive "to be": Is the sentance properly, "The rest are just details" or "The rest is just details". An explanation would be helpful, too. Thanks!
    The rest is a group noun. It means the other things, people or parts that remain or that have not been mentioned. It often depends on what you are talking about. For example:- I've got two bright students, but the rest are average. (Students are countable.) I'll keep a third of the money and the rest is for you. (Money is uncountable.) However the sentence you use is quite common and usually used to talk about information (uncountable), so people usually say "The rest is just details."
    Category: Grammar
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  148. What is the difference between "in the brochure" and "on the brochure"? Thanks Deannie
    "In the brochure" = inside the pages of the brochure or within the print of the brochure. For example: "I left an important piece of paper in the brochure." "You can read the instructions on how to use the widget in our brochure." "On the brochure" = something is placed physically on top of the brochure or someone is discussing the brochure itself. For example:- "I left my pencil on the brochure." or "In her presentation she gave us a lot of information on the brochure."
    Category: Grammar
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  149. Hi Which word is correct? 1. .............a pen and a pencil in the bag? (Is there - Are there ) 2. .............a pen and a map on the desk?(Is there - Are there ) 3. .............a map and two balls on the desk?(Is there - Are there ) 4. ............a pen and three pencils on the desk?(Is there - Are there )
    Well the general rule is:- There is + singular noun There are + plural noun But when I am talking about a group of items and the first one I mention is singular I use "there is". I only use "there are", when the first is plural. So I would start all the questions with "Is there...". Of course, not everyone will agree with me. But you wouldn't ask "What are on the desk?" rather "What is on the desk?"
    Category: Grammar
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  150. How does one write correctly the posessive form of a word that ends in s in the singular (Genetive) For instance: Santa Claus's sleigh is red. Or is it Santa Clauses sleigh is red. Or something else all together. Thank you Leslie
    For words ending in s omit the final "s", instead we write:- Santa Claus' sleigh is red. Santa Clauses would be the plural of Santa Claus. For example there are lots of Santa Clauses in my photo here:- http://www.flickr.com/photos/your_teacher/322483023/
    Category: Grammar
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  151. Where & when to use have & had together?
    When you are using the present perfect tense, which is what we use to connect now with the (recent) past in some way. For example:- Have you had your question answered?
    Category: Grammar
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  152. What is the difference between "going to" and "will"?
    I have given a simple explanation of this here:

    Going to vs will
    Category: Grammar
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  153. Pronoun Case- Is the sentence correct? Pedro Martinez signed a baseball for Chad that he had used in a game.
    Grammatically it's correct, but it will always be a bit ambiguous. Who used the ball, Chad or Pedro? You could make it clearer by saying:- Pedro Martinez signed a baseball for Chad that Pedro had used in a game.
    Category: Grammar
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  154. Dear Ellie, I saw this written in a parking lot of a big Brazilian petroleum corporation: Parking Officer's and visitors. I thought it strange because of the opostrophe after the word officer. Is this correct? I will appreciate your help. Thank you very much.
    Well spotted. There should not be an apostrophe. It should say:- Parking Officers and visitors The only time you would use an apostrophe would be if you wrote:- Officers' Parking
    Category: Grammar
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  155. I've to learn the prefix/suffix for my next Englsih exam...could you help me a bit, is there any rule I can use or do I just have to learn them by heart?^^ Thanks for answering...Joana(15)
    I'm afraid that there are no hard and fast rules. The problem is with prefixes and suffixes some have native English roots, some Latin and some Greek. The dictionary is really the only way to go. There is a list of prefixes here. I would start with the most common prefixes, which are:- ab- ad- anti- auto- co- com- de- dis- en- ex- il- im- in- inter- ir- mis- post- pre- pro- re- sub- super- trans- un-
    Category: Grammar
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  156. What rules exist regarding the use of in vs. on: For example: I have a tumor on my thyroid vs. I have a tumor in my thyroid. I have seen rules for using positional terms with in and on. Thank you!
    When you are talking about their use as prepositions of place it's best to think along the lines that "in" means in enclosed or surrounded and "on" means in contact with a surface. Regarding your example: I am not a doctor, but it may be possible that both examples are correct. You could try rewriting the sentence to check what you mean:- A tumour inside the thyroid. = A tumour in the thyroid. A tumour on the surface of the thryoid. = A tumour on the thyroid.
    Category: Grammar
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  157. When to use would and will?
    I've written a brief guide to modal verbs here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbmodal.htm We also use them differently in the conditional. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditionaltext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  158. Michael Swan (Practical English Usage) says that 'You are being nervous ' is not a correct sentence. I think it is a correct sentence. When a person is nervous, his state of nervousness increases. So 'You are being nervous' is a correct sentence.
    You're both right. You wouldn't say "You are being nervous". You can only say "You are nervous". But, you could say "You're looking nervous," or "You're getting nervous," or "Being nervous about exams is natural". In a question you could ask "How can I stop being nervous?"
    Category: Grammar
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  159. Why is the verb "was" and not an "is" used in the following: THE REDWOOD TREE WAS IMPRESSIVELY TALL?
    If you are talking about redwood trees in general you would use "is". If you are talking about a particular redwood tree you saw in the past you would use "was".
    Category: Grammar
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  160. Explain the difference in the meaning of these 2 questions 1 Have you been to London? 2 Have you gone to London?
    Been = you've come back. Gone = you're possibly still there.
    Category: Grammar
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  161. When to use 'has had'? Please give me some examples.
    Category: Grammar
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  162. I am trying to do verb to noun transitions using suffixes are these examples correct and also how would you write down the process? Agree - Agreement Mean - Meant Hold - Holder Drink - Drinker Swing - Swinging Fly - Flyer Jog - Jogger Drive - Driver Write - Writing Dreamer - Dreamt Throw - Thrower Wear - Wearer Withdraw – Withdrawal Chase - Chased Please help me ASAP Regards J Robinson
    A suffix is really a word part with a specific meaning at the end of the word. Your list seems fine, but you might have a problem with this one:- Dreamer - Dreamt - you have changed the root word. A suffix is added to the end of a word to make another word. A suffix can be either a short word, or a group of letters that is not a word. Adding suffixes to words can change or add to their meaning, but most importantly they show how a word will be used in a sentence and what part of speech (e.g. noun, verb, adjective) the word belongs to.
    Category: Grammar
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  163. Dear Ellie, I saw this written in a magazine: Easy way for who wants to learn English. Shouldn't "who" be "whom" since it is followed by a preposition? Thanks for your help.
    Think. Who wants to learn English? He wants to learn English. She wants to learn English. That said, I would write:- Easy way for anyone who wants to learn English.
    Category: Grammar
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  164. Is there a difference (not in meaning, only in form) between the following two sentences and which one should be considered as more correct?: 1. How many viewers watched the tennis final? vs. 2. How many books did you read? Why do we sometimes leave out the auxiliary verb? Is it gramatically correct? Thank you very much for your answer. Dolores
    First the good news. Both examples are perfectly correct. In your first example there is no auxiliary verb because it is a subject question. This is pretty advanced stuff, just be aware that both are correct, you don't really need to know why.
    Category: Grammar
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  165. Why do we use the third form of verbs in present tense sentences eg. "Your computer is infected"?
    In your example "infected" is an adjective describing the unfortunate state of your computer. Rewrite it:- You have an infected computer.
    Category: Grammar
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  166. Dear Ellie, Can you enlighten me? I know adjectives qualify nouns. You are my only lover. "only" here is an adverb Only member. "only" here is also an adverb how to distinguish whether the word is an adj or an adv? Is that only a few adverbs modify nouns? Looking forward to receiving your reply. Thanks and Regards, Fan
    In your examples "only" is being used as an adjective. If only is being used to show that there is a single one or very few of something, or that there are no others it is an adjective. As an adverb "only" is used to show that something is limited to the people, things, amount or activity stated. For example:- I was only running.
    Category: Grammar
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  167. This door will be locked at 10 o'clock every night and This door is locked at 10 o'clock every night. Which one is correct? If the first one, so can I say I will go to bed at 10 o'clock every night?
    They are both correct. "The door will be locked at 10 o'clock every night." Is more of a warning. You can say, "I will go to bed at 10 o'clock every night." The use here isn't a warning, it is more of a promise.
    Category: Grammar
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  168. How can we decide between the different modal verbs i.e. how there usage differs?
    You might find my guide to modal verbs useful. After you've learnt the basics though you have to practise and get feedback.
    Category: Grammar
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  169. The answer is B but why? Why not A ? Whatever are you doing up here Bill? Asked the vicar in surprise. Q;The vicar asked Bill _____ doing in the church tower (a) what was he (b) what he was
    There is no inversion of subject and verb and in reported questions.
    Category: Grammar
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  170. Which sentence is correct? 1. You are as old as I. 2. You are as old as me. Please help, I'm confused... Thanks..
    If you want to be pedantic (and a lot of teachers are) 1 is correct. But lots of people would say 2 and it's quite acceptable in informal speech. Imagine adding "am" to the end. "You are as old as I am." Then it makes more sense.
    Category: Grammar
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  171. Please explain about used to.
    Category: Grammar
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  172. Dear Sir/Madam, I am very confused about the usage of 'may have / can have'. I checked almost all the grammar books. All the grammar books says that 'may have' used to say about a past action. My doubt is about the following sentences. 'You may have got thinner by the time you get back' 'You may not have reached there by morning' I feel this is about a future thing. Same thing about 'can't have'. Please tell me the meaning of the following sentence. 'We can't have finished the job by next sunday' 'I can't have raised the money by then' 'You can't have kept it a secret for a long. Kindly help me.
    Although you are talking about possibilities in the future you are referencing something that may or may not have happened before that time. You're actually using the future perfect tense. For example:- By this time next year I may have passed my exams. Reference "can't have". Your first two examples are just wrong. You could say:- We might not have finished the job by next Sunday. or We won't have finished the job by next Sunday. I might not have raised the money by then. or I won't have been able to raise the money by then. Your final example:- 'You can't have kept it a secret for a long.' Means you have already told someone a secret and they are questioning how long you were able to keep quiet about it.
    Category: Grammar
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  173. Is 'only' an adjective or an adverb in 'He is only a child.'?
    Only as an adjective means single or few. It's used to show that there is a single one or very few of something, or that there are no others. When used as an adverb it shows that something is limited to the people, things, amount or activity stated. So, in your example, I'd say it's only an adverb. ;-) Of course if you were to say:- He's an only child. That would be an adjective.
    Category: Grammar
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  174. Dear Ellie, Could you tell me which sentence is correct and why? Complete the reported comments made the day after the party. Have you met Bill and Maria yet? Harry asked me if I HAD MET Bill and maria yet. Harry asked me if I HADN'T MET Bill and maria yet. Thank you very much.
    Harry asked me if I HAD MET Bill and Maria yet. Is correct. If it was the other one the question would have to have been:- Haven't you met Bill and Maria yet?
    Category: Grammar
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  175. Could you please explain the difference between 'that' and 'which'? For example, do you ask, "Where is the food that was in the fridge?" or "Where is the food which was in the fridge?" Why? Thank you
    Both your questions are correct. Which and that are often interchangeable. Here's a brief explanation - That vs Which
    Category: Grammar
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  176. The phrase :"In any field of endeavour...", in what term and how can I analyse "any"? Does it mean "no field of endevor.."? Thanks.
    Here "any" means "not important which". For example:- When you're hungry any food is better than none.
    Category: Grammar
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  177. Dear Ellie, I have heard that phrasal verbs should just be used in informal situations. Is that right? When should I use them? In which situations? Thank you.
    Some people do believe that phrasal verbs are inferior to single-word verbs, but they tend to forget that there are phrasal verbs for which there is no obvious single-word equivalent. For example:- get up (= get out of bed) take off (= remove clothes) put down (= put something on the floor etc) In academic and scientific writing there are some phrasal verbs which should be avoided. For example:- give up - surrender leave out - omit look for - seek stamp out- eradicate stick out - protrude However, to list them all would probably finish me off.
    Category: Grammar
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  178. When do we have to use didn't and don't?
    I have written a guide to the verb to do here.
    Category: Grammar
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  179. Dear Ellie, I know that there is no "s" for the verb to disappear in the sentence below. But why? What is the explanation for that? This pill will make your headache disappear. Thank you.
    The clue is "will". For example:- Whenever there is any washing up to be done my husband disappears. It's no surprise, I always know he will disappear as soon as I mention it.
    Category: Grammar
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  180. I want to ask a question. How can we learn English grammar and what is the first thing we should learn ?
    I don't teach grammar as a separate subject, IMHO you don’t need grammar as much as you need words. A lot of words as quickly as possible, it's all tied up with learning how to express yourself correctly. So start learning words. Then learn how to express yourself in different circumstances, grammar can come later.
    Category: Grammar
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  181. Please explain the subjunctive.
    English verbs have two tenses and three moods. The subjunctive mood (sometimes known to as the conjunctive mood) is used in dependent clauses. It expresses wishes, commands (in subordinate clauses), emotion, possibility, judgement, necessity and statements that are contrary to fact. In other words the action of the verb may happen, depending on certain objective factors or circumstances. It is oftentimes used in conditional statements (ie 'If...then...' clauses). A subjunctive mood exists in English, but native English speakers need not use it. For example: "I suggested that he read some books", he is not in fact reading a book. Contrast this with the sentence "He reads books", where the verb "to read" is in the present tense, which is the indicative mood.
    Category: Grammar
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  182. Hello, Today in my conversation class we had the following sentences... We had been gone for 3 weeks.... The article has been written... been and gone, been and written are both past participles. Is this still the present perfect tense or does this have another name and a rule as to how to use it. I am an american and I teach a conversation group of friends and I really struggle with the grammar part of it as we didn't really learn grammar in school. Fortunately my friends knew that at the get go but I do try and find things out. Thanks for your help Leslie
    We had been gone for 3 weeks.... is in the past perfect tense. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepastperfsim.htm The article has been written... is in the passive voice. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/voicetext.htm#Passive
    Category: Grammar
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  183. 'See the door is locked, ....?' What is the tag to be added to this Question?
    isn't it? You can read about tag questions here.
    Category: Grammar
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  184. Dear Sir, I would be very grateful if you could kindly clarify the following doubts: Which of these sentences are correct? 1. Sunshine is good for me. 2. Sunshine is good to me. 3. This test is important for me. 4. This test is important to me. Yours faithfully, P.T. Thomas
    Using to or for is quite complicated. Sometimes you can use either, but it changes the meaning slightly. Sunshine is good for me. = It is good for your health. This test is important to me. = It has importance for you personally. To illustrate the difference a bit better:- This test is important for my future. = It has an impact on your future. My uncle is good for me. = He makes you feel good. My uncle is good to me. = He treats you well.
    Category: Grammar
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  185. can we use since in place of for in past perfect continuous tense
    It depends on how you use it. It's always since a point in time and for a length of time. You'll find some examples here:- Past Perfect Continuous
    Category: Grammar
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  186. I am looking for some help with my homework... so if you can help me it will be greatly appretiated... I would like to know. What is a noun made from a verb that still retains some qualities of a verb, such as gerunds(swimming) and infinitives (to fight) Thank you for your time...
    We call the process of turning verbs into nouns nominalisation.
    Category: Grammar
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  187. Which one is correct and why: "What happened to your bike?" or "What did happen to your bike?"
    "What happened to your bike?" (You might say "What did happen to your bike?" if you don't believe their original story.)
    Category: Grammar
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  188. May I use "slight" and "huge" for discribing something related with "amount"?
    Yes. There was a slight amount of damage. There was a huge amount of damage.
    Category: Grammar
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  189. Wud u pls tell me wat is d the Passive of "let" Some people say there is no passive form for "let" in grammar, we use "allow" in passive instead. for instance- Active -We let him do passive-He was allowed to do But I have found the same sentence in passive in this form- "He was let do". And this is in the book "A Practical English Grammar" by A.J Thomson.He says that in passive we just dont use "to".(e.g. he was let to do).Now wud u pls tell me what the real case is and which form is correct.I have also found sentences like- "let it be done" "let not your life colored by personal feelings" and so on. Now wud u pls tell me which form these sentences are in and why.PLs explain a little bit. Thanx.
    Where "to let" means "to allow" it is true that we don't usually use it in the passive voice, instead we would use allow or permit instead. For example:- Her parents let her watch the horror movie. You cannot then say:- She was let to watch... You would say:- She was allowed to watch the horror movie. You might find the form "was let do" in some older English texts, but I would avoid using it if I were you, it sounds really odd.
    Category: Grammar
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  190. Cud you tell me which of the following sentences is/are correct- 1) "I am a student of Cambridge" Or "I am a student in Cambridge" 2) "Science" is a department of Cambridge" or "Science" is a department in Cambridge" 3)"The people of London" or "The people in London" 4)"The people of the world" or "The people in the world" 5)"This is a common crime of London" or "This is a common crime in London" 6) "A place in London" or " of London" Now wud u pls tell me which one of the above sentences is correct and WHY.Is there any particular rule for using "of" and "in" ONLY in THESE type of sentences?Though I found a rule in a book of Michael Swan but I found that rule not applicable for these situations. Wud you pls pls explain to me. Thanx.
    1 - I'm a student at Cambridge. 2 - "Science" is a department of Cambridge University. 3 - "The people of London" = the people who live there. "The people in London" = the people who are there at the moment. 4 - "The people of the world" 5 - "This is a common crime in London" 6 - "A place in London"
    Category: Grammar
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  191. sentence connectors
    They are called co-ordinating conjunctions. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/clausetext.html
    Category: Grammar
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  192. what's the difference between these three sentences: 1 She is going to take an exam on Monday. 2) She will be taking an exam on Monday. 3) She is taking an exam on Monday. is there any differnce in the meaning or they mean the same.
    In this context, they all mean the same.
    Category: Grammar
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  193. shall i use 'what' or 'which' when i want to inquire about the course my batchmates are in or doing. for example: which course are you in? or what course are you taking?
    Presuming there is an unlimited choice of course, I would ask:- What course are you on? or What course are you taking? See which vs what
    Category: Grammar
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  194. Dear Ellie, As a non native speaker of English I have some doubts about using the word "after". Is there any simple rule? Shoud I use "after" only before gerunds and nouns? Thanks for your help.
    Remember, for every rule, there will be an exception. If you're using after as an adverb it usually goes at the end. For example:- They lived happily ever after. I left the room, and the dog bounded after. As a preposition it can be used in various ways:- For example:- If you mean following:- We had a few beers after the game. The Cold War began shortly after the Second World War. He was pooped after running for the bus. But if you mean behind then you could say:- He left a trail of destruction after him. And it can even start a sentence:- After a full English breakfast I hardly ever eat lunch.
    Category: Grammar
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  195. which one is correct: 1)that's why i have left you. 2)that's why i left you. should i use present perfect or past simple.i know that the past simple is used when the action is completed and perfect tense is used to show that something happened but is not true anymore.my question is which tense seems more appropriate to use in this context.does the 1st sentence suggests that i left a person in the past but now we are together again or it suggests that i left him,its past now and we are not on talking terms anymore.(if that's what it means why didn't we use simply the past simple?).please clarify the difference between the two sentences.
    It simply depends on the timing of your explanation. That's why I have left you. (I left you recently and this is my reason). That's why I left you. (I left you - maybe recently / maybe a long time ago - and this is my reason.)
    Category: Grammar
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  196. can give me the all verb (regular verb and iregular verb)with past tense and past participle. please
    I've written a pretty comprehensive list of irregular verbs here:- Category: Grammar
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  197. How to find a subject in a sentence when we have answers to both the questions "who" and "what". E.g. They gave the university a large endowment for the scholarship fund. In this sentence, if THEY is the subject, what is A LARGE ENDOWMENT ? Who gave - they gave what did they give - a large endowment. Thanks for the help.
    "They" carried out the action of giving, so "they" are the subject. The large endowment was acted upon so it is the direct object. The university is the recipient of the direct object, so the university is the indirect object.
    Category: Grammar
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  198. i was confuse in using past perfect tense - under what conditions can it be used. Give me more examples, so I can understand it in detail.
    Have a look at the tenses examples on the Vocabulary pages, each vocabulary unit looks in depth at an irregular verb in all its forms. Practise on the forum. We've been playing with the perfect tenses. Vocabulary Pages The forum
    Category: Grammar
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  199. please ellie tell me when to use which statement: 1)why do you ask? 2)why did you ask? i know the tense difference.what i want to know is that should i use (do)if i want to inquire why that person asked me a question right after he finishes asking me? if yes then why can't i use did in this context.did seems more appropriate to me because it sounds more usual to me. please correct me on this.
    Why do you ask? Is more immediate. You can even say it before you answer. Use it carefully, it is a bit confrontational, you're actually questioning the right of the person to ask you. The tense used is just another example of "for every rule there is at least one exception".
    Category: Grammar
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  200. When do u add whether or if while changing direct sentence in to indirect form.
    In order to transform a direct question into an indirect question you use the interrogative or if / whether. Direct speech: “Do you know when we use wether or if?" she asked. Reported speech: She asked me whether / if I knew when we use whether or if.
    Category: Grammar
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  201. hey ellie,please tell me which sentence is correct. 1)when i got married,i was in A levels. 2)when i get married,i was in A levels. i know when we make a sentence with 'when' and we want to refer to the future we have to use present simple tense.we use present simple with time expressions but is this the case with other tenses as well,for instance if i want to refer to the past and i am using 'when' in my sentence aswell do i have to use present simple ('when' i 'get' married i was in A levels.)
    You would say:- "When I got married, I was doing my A levels." It's the past continuous tense.
    Category: Grammar
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  202. Hi! I would like to know which of these sentences is correct and why. - What ..(noun)... will be ..-ed? -What ..(noun) will it be ...-ed? as in the sentence what will it be? Is the use of it emphatic? Thanks Ellie
    We use the emphatic form by putting the stress on an auxiliary verb instead of some element after the verb. You could ask:- What will be returned? When will it be returned? But they're not really emphatic. An emphatic question would be more like:- They're returning what? or They did what? or Did they really want to do that?
    Category: Grammar
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  203. Dear Ellie is it correct to use: When will the school + be due to start Summer Holiday? I just wonder if will and to be due to can be used together or is it too forceful.? Thanks a lot Ellie.
    It not forceful, it's just not right. You could either ask:- When is the school due to start its summer holidays? or When will the school start its summer holidays?
    Category: Grammar
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  204. Can the verb 'find' take 2 objects? 'He found me a seat.' Is this sentence correct?
    Yes, it's correct. Some verbs can take two objects. They are called ditransitive verbs: verbs which can take a subject and two objects, a direct object which has the action of the verb done to it and an indirect object which has the action of the verb directed towards it. You could also write:- He found a seat for me.
    Category: Grammar
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  205. Hello Ellie, i have a question... My English teacher said today that you can make questions in british english by saying "Do you". at first I was agreeing with him... but then he wrote a couple of questions that didn't make any sense... like "Do you help Me with my Job?" or "Do you help Me push My car?" and i've spoke to him about that, and he says it's completely good Grammar. English is my Second Language, and i know it's My Teachers Second language too... so, i need an answer on this one :) It just feels so wrong...
    Hi Gregory, You can write this, but it would be if you were having some kind of argument. For example:- "Do you ever help me in the kitchen? Well do you?" If you were asking for help you would use a modal verb like would / could / will / can. For example:- Can you help me push my car? PS - I wouldn't recommend arguing with your teacher. He marks your papers, not I. ;)
    Category: Grammar
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  206. Hi, Please tell me which one of the following sentences is grammatically correct and please explain the reason as well: 1. Whose pen is this? 2. Whose is this pen? I'm really confused about it. Please help me. God bless you. Thanks
    They are both correct. One is asking about the object the other is asking about the subject. Rewrite the questions and you get:- 1 - Who owns this pen? 2 - Who does this pen belong to?
    Category: Grammar
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  207. How to use 'rather than' and where it is used.
    'Rather than' means instead of. For example: Rather than drink soy milk because they are vegetarian, more and more people are choosing it because of the added health benefits.
    Category: Grammar
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  208. what is a noun that consists of several words?
    A noun phrase.
    Category: Grammar
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  209. what is the difference of was & were in the sentence? They are b0th past...
    Was is used with I, he, she, it. Were is used with you, we, they. They are the past of the verb to be.
    Category: Grammar
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  210. Is the word she a subject or object pronoun in the following sentence? Ellie went to Japan, and she saw Mount Fuji.
    Subject. Think of it like this: She went to Japan, and she saw Mount Fuji.
    Category: Grammar
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  211. Which is correct 1.I am a Historian or 2.I am an Historian
    You could say both are correct, it depends on how you pronounce historian. If you pronounce the "h" it's "a historian". If you come from places like Nottingham and drop the h it's "an 'istorian". ;) Personally I say "I am a historian."
    Category: Grammar
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  212. Can the words "mom" or "dad" ever be considered a proper noun when used in a sentence?
    In the US they say "mom" for (mother), in the UK we say "mum" and "dad" for father. You can consider them as proper nouns if you use them in place of the name of the person.
    Category: Grammar
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  213. Please let me know how to use the verb "to be" in English. I'll be grateful to you.
    You might find this useful. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtobe.html
    Category: Grammar
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  214. Which is correct: "I'm going to the Hamilton's tonight" OR "I'm going to the Hamiltons' tonight"?
    Both are correct depending on the name. If the family name is "Hamilton", then Hamilton's is correct. If the family name is "Hamiltons", then Hamiltons' is correct, but often when the name ends in an "s" people don't bother with the apostrophe.
    Category: Grammar
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  215. I would like to know when to use adverbs.
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/adverbtext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  216. is there a rule about why some adjectives end in 'able' /'ing' /'ed'? I know the difference between 'ed' and'ing' adjectives but not the 'able' ones. Thanks
    As a general rule:- -ing adjectives are used to describe people or things: "The teacher was so boring." -ed adjectives are used to describe feelings: "I was very bored." -ible or -able adjectives express ability, capacity, or fitness. I believe they are a throwback to Latin, and in English, -able is used for native words, and -ible is usually found on words of obvious Latin origin. I hope this helps.
    Category: Grammar
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  217. Why can't we use the past form of verb with did like in "she didn't slept well" and in "i didnt said that" although we can say "the train had started to move..."and "i hadnt said that..."
    Well you can, but you shouldn't. Did is the past form and after that you don't need to overstate the fact.
    Category: Grammar
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  218. I have pass my 12th in 2003 but still i have a problem with grammer Yes, I see what you mean:- I have passed my 12th in 2003 but still have a problem with grammar.
    Join the forum, and practise.
    Category: Grammar
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  219. Would I ask, "What is the subject in the sentence?" or "Which is the subject in the sentence?".
    http://www.learnenglish.de/mistakes/whichvswhat.html But to be honest I would ask my students to "Find the subject in this sentence."
    Category: Grammar
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  220. Hello! Is it possible to use Past Simple in sentences like "I watched TV from 5 to 7" and "I played football for 2 hours" or do I have to use Past Continuous? Which is better here? Thank you!
    You can use either. Which one is better depends on the context. For example:- Why are you so sleepy? I'm tired because I was playing football for over two hours last night. What did you do last night? I played football for over two hours, believe it or not. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  221. Hi Ellie, You didn't done anything. Is this correct?
    No. You didn't do anything. or You haven't done anything.
    Category: Grammar
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  222. I sometimes become confused when using - was / were do / does have / has / had
    You and many others:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtobe.html http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtodo.html http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtohave.html http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  223. Do clauses involve the words "would be and could be"?
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/clausetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  224. Can you please tell us why there is no helping verb in the sentence "Who told you"? As for my understanding all interrogative sentences starting with (W), i.e., What, when, why etc. are always preceded by the helping verb. Please advise.
    This has been covered on the website. It is a "subject" question. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/questiontext.htm (For every rule, there is at least one exception.) :-)
    Category: Grammar
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  225. Convert this sentence to direct speech. 1.Helen invited me to share her house for that summer.
    I was invited to ... http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/reportedspeech.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  226. please correct for me the verb in the following sentences. 1. i had been to France 2 years ago. 2. look at the sky!it will snow. 3.i've been understanding you all along. please tell me the tenses present in each sentence thankyou
    I went to France 2 years ago. Look at the sky! It's going to snow. I have understood you all along. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  227. dear ellie i am preparing for an exam and i find form,funtion and syllable in english grammer so difficult. pls give me some examples and types of functions. thankyou
    Sorry, I don't use the form / function method to teach. Just learn simple sentence structure. It's enough for most native speakers. :) http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/sentencetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  228. Dear Ellie, Please, have a look at this sentence: "I should be getting home". Wouldn't it be the same if I said: "I should get home"? What's the difference between these two forms?
    It simply conveys a kind of reluctance to leave. (You'll often hear it in pubs.) :-)
    Category: Grammar
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  229. which one is correct and why ? "I will be 21 next year." and "I am going to be 21 next year."
    Will, because it's not a plan, it's a certainty. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensefuture.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  230. Which of the following sentences are correct- how is she like or what is she like?
    What is she like? http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/questiontext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  231. Is it correct English to say: "the covernment has fallen"?
    I presume you mean, "The government has fallen".
    Category: Grammar
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  232. how do i explain the difference in meaning between the following pairs of sentences: 1. If I have time, I’ll call you. 2. If I had time, I’d call you. Thank you. Nadia
    1 - It's a promise. 2 - It's not very likely.
    Category: Grammar
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  233. My students questioned the validity of this sentence: I will give it to you as soon as I've finished. They were uncomfortable because of will and the present perfect. Can you help me explain why it's ok? Thank you
    Simply put "I will..." is a promise, we can use shall/will to make promises for the future. The problem you're students have is you can't use the future perfect in clauses beginning with or containing time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, etc. Instead of the future perfect, we use the present perfect.
    Category: Grammar
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  234. Do we say "Rather than driving or drive, my sister prefers to take a bus."? "Rather than disappoint or disappointing the children, he did some quick tricks."
    When you start a sentence with "rather than" you can use the bare infinitive or and -ing form.
    Category: Grammar
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  235. For "writing compound sentences, can I just stick with the coordinating conjunctions : änd, or, but, so. What about FANBOYS? Will my students think that I'm not knowledgeable without mentiong "for, nor and yet? ------------------ For "writing compound sentences, can I just stick with the coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but, so. What about FANBOYS? Will my students think that I'm not knowledgeable without mentioning "for, nor and yet? Thanks for your help. Terry
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conjunctioncoordinating.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  236. raja can solve this sum answer in tag question
    Raja can solve this sum, can't he? http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/questiontext.htm#tag
    Category: Grammar
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  237. Can I say, "Why when Kayle threw a stone into the waves it constantly came back to her?"
    No. Why, when Kayle threw a stone into the waves, did it constantly come back to her?
    Category: Grammar
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  238. Hi! Can you tell me what is the different between these questions: Have you lived with your parents? (Present perfect)Do you live with your parents? (present simple) I think both are correct but is there a difference in meaning? when should we use them? many thanks
    Have a look at the brackets:- Have you (ever in your life) lived with your parents? Do you (now) live with your parents? http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  239. which one is correct? "do you ever use a needle?" or "did you ever use a needle?"
    Both are correct. "Do you ever use a needle?" = Is it your habit to use a needle? "Did you ever use a needle?" = I know you don't use one any more, but did you use one in the past?
    Category: Grammar
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  240. I know her a for long time. Is this tense correct? Please tell me
    You need to say, "I have known her for a long time." It's the present perfect simple tense. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm (The clue is in the word "for".)
    Category: Grammar
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  241. Please tell me the difference between these sentences and at which situations should i use them- 1)the school is started 2) the school has stared 3) the school has been started..please do reply
    You should write:- "School has started."
    Category: Grammar
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  242. Please tell me the difference between these sentences and at which situations should i use them and in which tenses they are in- 1)i am prepared for the exam. 2) i have prepared for the exam. 3) i have been prepared for the exam..please do reply ............ Please tell me the difference between these sentences, in which situations I should use them, and which tenses they are in:-
    1)I am prepared for the exam. (Shows you are ready for the exam. Simple present.) 2) I have prepared for the exam. (Shows you have done the work necessary to pass the exam. Simple perfect. 3) I have been prepared for the exam. (Implies someone (maybe a tutor) has prepared you for the exam. Simple perfect.)
    Category: Grammar
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  243. The food will have been being eaten. The food had been being eaten. because some of the books say that there is no future perfect continuous and past perfect continuous tense.
    The food will have been eaten. The food had been eaten. But:- We had been eating for hours. We will have been eating the food for hours.
    Category: Grammar
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  244. by next week we will have finished the examination-is this sentence correct?
    It would sound more natural if you put the time at the end of the sentence - oh and don't forget capitalisation and punctuation:- We will have finished the examination by next week.
    Category: Grammar
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  245. Is it correct to write: It was a perfect day for a wedding. Although it would have been more perfect if the groom had arrived. Is it possible to use "although" and "if" in on sentence?
    Yes.
    Category: Grammar
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  246. What do you call a noun that consists of several words like Fourth of July or Duchess of Kent (collective is not the answer)?
    Your examples are proper nouns. You could call them proper compound nouns I suppose.
    Category: Grammar
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  247. Which sentence is correct? Professor Pepin spends a lot of time translating medieval texts on ancient medicine; however, he also stays informed about the latest developments in modern asthma treatments. Professor Pepin spends a lot of time translating medieval texts on ancient medicine. However, he also stays informed about the latest developments in modern asthma treatments. Thank you.
    (One question please.) Which one is correct? It depends on how much of a purist you are. If you are a purist, and have ingested Strunk & White's The Elements of Style, then the first sentence is correct.
    Category: Grammar
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  248. Hi Ellie is this sentence correct I WRITE WITH PEN
    No. You could write:- I write with a pen. (Something I do all the time.) or I'm writing with a pen. (Something I am doing now.) !Note - you need an article with the noun "pen". http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/articlestext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  249. Thanks for your help. Which sentence is correct and why? 1. Neither of the potential buyers had really made up her mind. 2. Neither of the potential buyers had really made up their mind.
    'Neither' is a sticky one. You're not the first to ask and you won't be the last, so I've written an explanation. http://www.learnenglish.de/mistakes/neither.html
    Category: Grammar
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  250. "i have not been invited to the party" is this sentence right?
    "I have not been invited to the party." Capitalisation and punctuation are important.
    Category: Grammar
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  251. Is the word scared a verb or an abstract noun?
    It's an adjective:- http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/scared
    Category: Grammar
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  252. Please help me as Ihave a doubdt.If the question is,does Tina have a cycle? Can we answer _ No she hasn't. "Please help me. If the question is, "Does Tina have a cycle?" Can we answer "No, she hasn't."
    People would understand you, but it is more natural to say, "No, she doesn't." Generally the clue is in the question: Does ...? elicits "doesn't or does" - Has .... ? elicits "hasn't or has". So if someone asked you "Has Tina got a bicycle," then you would answer "No, she hasn't" or "Yes, she has". Of course you can always use the KISS principle and simply answer, "Yes" or "No".
    Category: Grammar
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  253. could i compare simple past & present perfecf simple? ------- Could I compare simple past and present perfect simple?
    I'm not sure what you mean? You can join the forum and practise your tenses here:- http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/forums/178/Various-Verbs (If you can't post, PM me your forum id and I'll open it for you.)
    Category: Grammar
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  254. Dear Ellie: I am lost. sometimes Idioms drive me crazy. Which one is right. 1)Cut (a tree) down or Cut down a tree 2)ABC took (A city) over or ABC took over a city 3)switch(the engine) off or switch off the engine. Please answer those questions. Regards: Aamir
    Well these aren't idioms, they are phrasal verbs, and phrasal verbs can be tricky. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbphrasaltext.htm All the examples you used are correct, with no difference in meaning. This is because they are all separable phrasal verbs.
    Category: Grammar
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  255. which are the material adjectives ----------------- Which are the material adjectives?
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/adjectivetext.htm Sometimes nouns are used like adjectives to describe the material that something is made of. For example: cotton, glass, metal A cotton shirt. A glass vase. A metal pan.
    Category: Grammar
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  256. What is verb ------------------ What is a verb?
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  257. Anything wrong with this sentence? It was with reluctance when John gave his dog up for adoption.
    You could say:- It was with reluctance that John gave his dog up for adoption. or When John gave his dog up for adoption, it was with reluctance. Why? Because the two clauses are not grammatically independent.
    Category: Grammar
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  258. choose: I didn't take my father's advice. I wish i ( took - had taken ) it now. i hope you explain the reason. -------------------------- Choose: I didn't take my father's advice. I wish I (took - had taken) it now. I hope you can explain the reason.
    "I didn't take my father's advice. I wish I had taken it now." I didn't take my father's advice. = in the past I wish I had taken it = regret for a past decision (you can compare it with conditional type III - http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditional3.htm) In other words you wish now that you had done something different in the past.
    Category: Grammar
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  259. What is phrasal verb -------------- What is a phrasal verb?
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbphrasaltext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  260. It is very difficult for me remember the list of the verbs with TO DO and TO MAKE.how can differ them? ------------------ It is very difficult for me to remember the list of verbs with TO DO and TO MAKE. How can I differentiate between them?
    When you're learning English it's best not to try and memorise lists, unless that's how your brain works. Instead read explanations and then form meaningful sentences. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/doormake.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  261. Hi can you tell me whether I should use 'was' or 'were' in the following two sentences and explain why? 1: My most recent series of events were working with.... 2: The challenge of producing these events were fulfilling an ambitious brief.... Thanks
    No one would ever say, "My most recent series of events ..." Try "My most recent experience was working with ...." (Singular experience = was) The major challenge in producing these events was fulfilling an ambitious brief... (Singular challenge = was) If you want to see "were" in action, try:- "The major challenges in producing these events were fulfilling an ambitious brief and dealing with the volunteers." (Plural challenges = were)
    Category: Grammar
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  262. Dear Ellie: This website is awesome. And you have done a good job. Would you please give me this answers of my questions. APOSTROPHE Q1) The book of Jhon Master (Jhon Masters' book). (right or wrong) Q2) The hat of Mr. Stone (Mr. Stones' hat).(right or wrong) Q3)This prey might was hunted by lion.( In past of may be) Regards: Aamir
    1 - John Master's book. (I'm presuming you meant to type John.) 2 - Mr Stone's hat. 3. This prey may have been hunted by a lion. (Past perfect). or This prey was probably hunted by lion. (Same meaning). There's no direct past tense of "maybe". !Note - if the name in Q1 is John Masters, then it would be John Masters' book. Practise using apostrophes.
    Category: Grammar
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  263. "It (= the news) says lots of houses were destroyed." As far as I know, when the reporting verb is in the PRESENT tense (here SAY), the verb in indirect speech does NOT change. (here WERE changed) If this is the case, why WERE has been used in the reporting clause while ARE seems the correct choice?
    The use of 'were' isn't wrong when reporting the news, as usually the reporter is talking about the effect of a natural or man made catastrophe. Imagine the sentence goes further:- "A lot of houses were destroyed by the earthquake." You might be happier with, "A lot of houses have been destroyed," which implies that they are still in such a state.
    Category: Grammar
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  264. I have seen that there is a pattern in english like this, ' if I were you I would.... ' . Why is there 'were' used with ' I '? Why can't we use if I was you, I would... ? What is the reason for it? Are there any other places in english used 'I' with 'were' together ? Please tell me? Thank you.
    Are you ever likely to be someone else? I think that the answer is no. So, "If I were you," expresses the impossibility of being someone else. If you want to get all grammary, we call it the Conditional Type II. A lot of people do say "If I was you..." but it won't get your through an exam. If I were you, I would be a bit "Zen" and accept that the correct form without questioning the whys and wherefores too much. That way you will make faster progress in English.
    Category: Grammar
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  265. Is it correct to say, This is not a good news?
    No, "news" is uncountable. You could say "This is a piece of bad news." Otherwise stick to "This is not good news."
    Category: Grammar
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  266. Cricket is playing in England for more than six hundred years now
    Cricket has been played in England for more than six hundred years now. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  267. could you please tell me which one is the correct sentence among theseones. 1. I don't know yet who wicked witch is. 2. I don't know who wicked witch is yet. If both are correct which is better to speak.? Thank you. ----------------------------- Could you please tell me which is correct:- 1. I don't know yet who wicked witch is. 2. I don't know who wicked witch is yet. If both are correct, which is better? Thank you.
    As an adverb "yet" usually goes at the end of a sentence or clause. There's a subtle difference when you put it in the middle. 1. I don't know yet who the wicked witch is. (Uses "yet" for emphasis, but there's a slight impression that you may never find out who the wicked witch is.) 2. I don't know who the wicked witch is yet. (Is the more natural way to say it, and implies you will know one day.)
    Category: Grammar
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  268. which one is correct? and why? [for plural number] sheeps' hearts or sheep's hearts
    Singular - A sheep. Plural - A lot of sheep. Personally I would say "sheep hearts", like "human hearts".
    Category: Grammar
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  269. What article will come here or will there not be any articles here? and why? .... pls specify your answer. .....rich should help ......poor
    The rich should help the poor. Why? Because it's the right thing to do. ;) Oh okay - if you insist. We use the article "the" in order to refer to a group of people as a class.
    Category: Grammar
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  270. A student (beginner)said "tomorrow I go to London" What is wrong and how do you correct them. Is it the structure ,grammar, is it a slip of the tongue?
    It's a little grammar oops. We often use the present continuous form to talk about future plans, "Tomorrow I'm going to London." or "I'm going to go to London tomorrow." http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tenseprescontfut.htm We usually use the simple present form for the future to discuss timetables etc:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensesimpresfut.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  271. first of all: we say "I am a tall man, aren't I?" "I am not a tall man,am I?" So how can it be for "We"? secondly: Why aren't I? what about ain't? ---------------------------------- First of all: We say, "I am a tall man, aren't I?" "I am not a tall man, am I?" So how do we use the same construction for "We"? secondly: Why aren't I? what about ain't?
    We are tall men, aren't we? We are not tall men, are we? The short form "ain't" is slang. You can use it if you want, but I wouldn't recommend you do so in any test or exam. ;-)
    Category: Grammar
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  272. which verbs can be changedto do+ing form of the verb? and why? ------------------------ Which verbs can be changed to the -ing form of the verb? And why?
    If you are talking about something you are in the process of doing, you add -ing to the end of the verb. There are other uses, which are explained here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tenseprescont.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  273. which one is correct sentence: A simple meatball is using basic ground beef. or A simple meatball using basic ground beef. Please explain on the correct answer. Your assistance in this matter is highly appreciated. ---------------------- Which sentence is correct? A simple meatball is using basic ground beef. or A simple meatball using basic ground beef. Please explain the correct answer. Your assistance in this matter is highly appreciated.
    You probably mean:- A simple meatball recipe using basic ground beef. (The meatball isn't actually "doing" anything, so you don't use "is".)
    Category: Grammar
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  274. Which is correct? For 'We the children are the leaders of Tomorrow, or For 'Us the children are the leaders of Tomorrow? Thank you.
    "We, the children, are the leaders of tomorrow." Imagine the sentence without "the children" = "We are the leaders of tomorrow". !Note - tomorrow, no capital T.
    Category: Grammar
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  275. Hi Lynne, Look at this picture. http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/73900/73989/73989_lady_hat.htm How can we say that she is wearing a hat. As she is not wearing (action is not going on) at the moment. But one exercise in Essential Grammar in use has used it in this way. As per Present continuous, we consider that the action is going on at present time. But the hat is already worn by the lady. She is not wearing it. Please clearly explain it.
    In the picture she is wearing a hat. We just don't bother saying "In this picture she is ....". :) If you were talking about an event in the past, you could say "she wore a hat". For example:- "At the royal wedding, they wore some really ugly hats." http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,2068553,00.html
    Category: Grammar
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  276. There are two sentences - ("I am going to be late") "I am going to late" The one within brackets is correct, but why can't we use second one. I am confused here by the use of verb 'be'. ------------------- There are two sentences - ("I am going to be late") "I am going to late" The one within brackets is correct, but why can't we use the second one. I am confused here by the use of verb 'be'.
    What do you do if you late? There is no such verb, so you use the auxilliary verb "to be".
    Category: Grammar
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  277. Is her & I are friends correct English or should it be she & I are friends --------------------- Is "her and I are friends" correct English or should it be "she and I are friends".
    I am friends with her. She is friends with me. We are friends. We = She and I. She and I are friends. I hope that helps. :)
    Category: Grammar
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  278. What is difference between WH question and Auxilairy verb question --------------------------- What is the difference between a wh question and an auxiliary verb question?
    It's basically about open (wh questions) and closed (Yes/No) questions. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/questiontext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  279. can we use "it" for the keys or we should use "them"? --------------------- Can we use "it" for the keys or we should use "them"?
    keys - plural - them key - singular - it
    Category: Grammar
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  280. Can I say "I'll show you it in the morning"?
    Yes, or "I'll show it to you in the morning", or simply "I'll show you in the morning". If you're confused as to why, you could read about dative shift and it will confuse you more. :)
    Category: Grammar
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  281. Can I say I'm on the bus or I'm in the bus.which Is the correct one --------------------------- Should I say I'm on the bus, or I'm in the bus? Which Is correct?
    Transport plays silly tricks with prepositions. You should say "I'm on the bus / train / plane / ferry." (We get on / off them.) But you should say "I'm in the taxi / car". (We get in / out of them.)
    Category: Grammar
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  282. Hi, can you please advise whether or not the following comparison sentences are correct : .. Sue has three English books more than I do. .. I have less books than Sue does. .. His left leg is one and a half inches shorter than the right one. Can you also please guide me how to make a comparson on quantity (like sentence 1 above)? So far I've seen only the comparison of Adj. and Adv. Thanks much. Your answer is much appreciated. --------------------- Can you also please guide me how to compare quantities (like sentence 1 above). So far I've only seen examples that compare Adj. and Adv. Thanks. Your answer is much appreciated.
    1. Is okay. 2. Is strictly speaking wrong as books are countable. You should say, "I have fewer books than Sue." 3. Is okay. Your first example was fine, but you need to watch out for countable / uncountable nouns, fewer with countable nouns, less with uncountable, although, to be honest, a lot of people don't bother. :)
    Category: Grammar
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  283. Hallo, could you tell me if the question "where are you?" is present continuous or present simple. Thanks for your help. -------------------- Hello, Could you tell me if the question, "Where are you?" is in the present continuous or present simple tense. Thanks for your help.
    Oh dear, this sounds like one of those questions that will have linguists jumping down my throat. Well IMHO it's not in the present continuous, so it must be in the present simple as it's asking a general question about their present location. Think of it in this way:- Q. "Where are you?" = "What is your present location? " A. "I'm at the airport." But, I guess if you added a main verb you could use the present continuous:- Q. "I am at the airport. Where are you actually standing?" A. "I am standing next to the taxi rank."
    Category: Grammar
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  284. direct and indirect speeches are applicable in future tenses or not because i didn`t find on ur page -------------------------- Are direct and indirect speeches applicable in the future tense? I'm only asking because I couldn't find it on your page.
    You can't quote or report something that hasn't been said.
    Category: Grammar
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  285. when i can use have & has -------------------------- When can I use have and has?
    In the sense of ownership:- http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson24/Course/ToHave.htm In the present tense:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  286. Passive voice of sentence He made his wife to the work ------------------- What is the passive voice of the sentence, "He made his wife do the work."
    Only "The work was done by his wife."
    Category: Grammar
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  287. What is the -tion form of a verb called? Or, what is the word "extension" to the word "extend"? Like, "Extension is the barbarbum of extend". And what is the barbarbum of 'abscond'? Is it 'absconscion'?
    -tion -cion etc. are noun suffixes. Anyway - you add these suffixes to verbs to form nouns that describe the action, if you want to be technical this is called nominalisation, but you can't just add any old suffix, for example -ance -ence and -ment are also noun suffixes, and so to describe the act of absconding, abscond becomes abscondment. The only rule I can think of that might help, is a verb ending in t will usually take a -tion ending. A verb ending in s will usually take an -sion ending. If in doubt use the old "Google it" trick to see if a word is correct.
    Category: Grammar
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  288. Why is simple past tense the correct tense used for the sentence... I was in New York last year?
    Because you are referring to a specific time in the past. In this case "last year". http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson29/Lesson29.htm "You have been to New York, but I have never been there." (Here there's no time reference, so you can use the present perfect.) http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson48/Lesson48.html
    Category: Grammar
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  289. I had taken it in the morning. Is this sentence is correct?
    It depends on the context of what you're trying to say. "I was looking for my medicine yesterday, then I remembered I had taken it in the morning." Q. "Did you take your medicine yesterday?" A. "Yes, I took it in the morning."
    Category: Grammar
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  290. CAN I HAVE SENTENCE USING AM IN IT NOT IAM PLEASE THANK YOU ...................... Can I have a sentence using am in it, not "I am", please? Thank you.
    The basic parts of any sentence are the subject and the verb, and the rule is they have to agree. On the net you will find lots of sentences using "am" without the subject "I" in them, (especially on Twitter) but it's slang and the "I" should be there. If you want to be clever, form a question, "Am I being silly now?" http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtobe.html http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/sentencetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  291. Smitha has joined the school____three years. A)for B)since
    The question is wrong. Smitha joined the school three years ago. Smitha has been at the school for three years. Smitha has been at the school since 2009. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensetext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  292. we went to the cinema is the correct article used ---------------- "We went to the cinema", is the article "the" used correctly?
    Yes. It's the usual answer to questions like:- What did you do at the weekend? We went to the cinema. Depending on context you could also say "We went to a cinema." For example:- "I was in London and I went to a cinema, but I can't remember which one." (One of the many cinemas in London).
    Category: Grammar
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  293. change these sentences in indirect speech 1.he said how lovely a picture it is !.2you said mathur do you have finished your work in time?3old man said to me do u know me?
    Sigh. First let's put this into direct speech:- 1. He said, "What a lovely picture it is". 2. You said, "Mathur, have you finished your work on time?" 3. The old man said to me, "Do you know me?" Now indirect speech (not an exact science as there is often more than one way to write this. 1. He said that he thought the picture was lovely. 2. You asked me if I had finished my work on time. 3. The old man asked me if I knew him. BTW - when asking someone to do something it is best to be a bit less direct. For example: Could you change these sentences into indirect speech? or Change these sentences into indirect speech, please.
    Category: Grammar
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  294. From the Lesson's forum:- Hi, I have a question and I need to explain it for me I mean tell me about its grammer. The question is (is that her overthere? yes:it is), I wanna know why the answer of this question is (it is) why did not say yes :she is, I hope you got my question. ---------------------------- Hi, I have a question and I need you to explain it to me, I mean tell me about the grammar. The question is, "Is that her over there? Yes, it is". I want to know why the answer to this question is ...it is, why don't we say "Yes, she is". I hope you got my question.
    Imagine saying "She is her," you wouldn't (I hope), you would say, "It is her." If you wanted to answer, "Yes, she is", the question would have to be "Is she over there?"
    Category: Grammar
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  295. explain the difference in meaning between a) she wears a dress to work b) she is wearing a dress to work -------------------- Please explain the difference in meaning between the following:- a) She wears a dress to work. b) She is wearing a dress to work.
    a - She usually wears a dress to work. b - She is wearing a dress to work today, maybe she doesn't usually do so. Present simple vs Present Continuous
    Category: Grammar
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  296. I'm looking for the correct termanology of this grammer issue. When I write I tend to go back and forth between 'I' and 'we' or 'us'. Sometimes even within the same sentence. ----------------------------- I'm looking for the correct terminology of this grammer issue. When I write I tend to go back and forth between 'I' and 'we' or 'us'. Sometimes even within the same sentence.
    You are mixing up your personal pronouns. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/pronounpersonal.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  297. Why in the sentence below would since be a preposition rather than a subordinating conjunction? Explain I haven't exercised since yesterday.
    In order to be a co-ordinating conjunction "since" has to introduce a clause. When it simply introduces a date or a specific time in the past it's a preposition. I haven't exercised since yesterday. (Preposition) I haven't exercised since I injured my back. (Subordinating Conjunction) (In all honesty you don't need to know this, unless you are studying linguistics, or maybe CELTA. It's much better to get a feeling for the right thing to say / write because when you are having a conversation or replying to an email, you don't have time to think about the naming of parts.)
    Category: Grammar
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  298. please tell me a sentence in which we use " i is".? ------------------------------ Please give me a sentence in which we use "I is".
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  299. Which of the following statements is correct: 1. I hope he treats you well. 2. I hope he treats you good.
    The lines between good and well are getting blurred, so you will probably hear and see both, but "I hope he treats you well" is correct.
    Category: Grammar
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  300. I don't know how to use the following sentence. Having done so, I started to learn more about it. What language it is for "having done so"? Is it a past participle or present participle?
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/participleperfect.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  301. Do we say: What was he and his wife doing in my house? or What were he and his wife doing in my house?
    "What were he and his wife doing in my house?" In other words you are asking "What were they doing in my house?" BTW - What were they doing in your house? I'd love to know.
    Category: Grammar
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  302. Is this sentence correct my penciles are anywhere. if not tell me why thanks ---------------------------- Is this sentence correct? "My penciles are anywhere". If not tell me why. Thanks
    My pencils are everywhere. My pencils aren't anywhere to be seen. Have you seen my pencils anywhere? !Note - We use "anywhere" in negative sentences or questions. That goes for " any / anyone / anybody / anything" too. Note - pencil / pencils
    Category: Grammar
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  303. the number of items areis 3000 ----------------- The number of items are/is 3000.
    There are 3000 items. The number of items is 3000. Here we are referring to "The number" - singular. Funnily we would use the plural form with "A number":- A number of items are waiting at the station. Here we are referring to "the items" - plural. No one ever said English made sense. Just try to get a feeling for what is right.
    Category: Grammar
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  304. what are the verb agreement? -------------------- What is verb agreement?
    Usually we talk about subject/verb agreement. In the present tense of to be we always say, I am / he - she - it is / we - you - they are. This is subject verb agreement. The subject I / he / she etc. agrees with the verb "to be" in its different forms - am / is / are. Best thing is not to worry too much about it, just develop a feeling for what is correct.
    Category: Grammar
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  305. what is the correct word of this sentence 1. Please buy some (bread,breads) ------------------ What is the correct way to complete this sentence? 1. Please buy some (bread,breads)
    Bread. It's uncountable.
    Category: Grammar
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  306. Are name of days such as sunday,monday,tuesday etc proper nouns ------------------------- Are the names of days such as Sunday, Monday, Tuesday etc proper nouns? Asked by Satyde.
    Yes. We treat them as proper nouns, so they should start with a capital letter; along with Christmas Day, New Year's Day, and other special holidays. http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson19/Lesson19.htm http://www.learnenglish.de/basics/dates.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  307. is the sentence indifferent of whether they were damaged or not right? ------------------------- Is this sentence right? "... indifferent of whether they were damaged or not..."
    1. It's not a full sentence as there is no subject. You need to tell the reader who or what was indifferent. 2. We don't use indifferent "of", we use the preposition "to". So:- He was indifferent to whether they were damaged or not. She was .... I was ... They were .... You were .... We were .... The dog (Laika probably) was ...
    Category: Grammar
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  308. Can i start telling a story by sayin-"a man has come to a doctor,he is saying..." is sentence in the quatation right? -------------------------------- Can I start telling a story by saying, "A man has come to a doctor,he is saying..." is sentence in the quotation right?
    It sounds like the beginning of a joke, if it is we would say something like:- A man walks into the doctors surgery and says ... If you are describing something that happened you would say:- A man walked into the doctors surgery and said ...
    Category: Grammar
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  309. Is this right: Someone is calling me, isn't it? Or should I say: Someone is calling me, aren't they? Or: Someone is calling me, isn't they? which one is grammatically correct?? ........................... Which one is grammatically correct??
    If you want grammatically correct, try:- There is someone calling me, isn't there? But you may see: Someone is calling me, aren't they? We often use the plural pronouns ‘they’, ‘them’, ‘their’ etc., despite the fact that, technically, they are referring back to a singular noun.
    Category: Grammar
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  310. Why outside the hostel it is displayed 'Girls Hostel' and not Girl's Hostel. Which one is correct Girls Hostel or Girl's hostel?
    Apostrophe s indicates possession, but it is not a hostel that belongs to one girl, so it isn't a "girl's hostel". So, is it Girls' Hostel? No, because if you think about it, it's a hostel for girls, it doesn't actually belong to them. You can apply the "of the" test. The hostel of the girls, is nonsense. So - Girls Hostel is fine.
    Category: Grammar
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  311. error spot - each of the cycles are damaged.
    Each is singular. So you would say:- Each of the cycles is damaged. It would be more natural to say:- All of the cycles are damaged.
    Category: Grammar
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  312. "By what name does this award go?" Is the above a correct sentence? What can we understand from it?
    Using "By what name", (indirect speech), is too stilted, it would be more natural to ask "What is this award called?".
    Category: Grammar
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  313. is the word 'being' used correctly in "being in Boston tomorrow??
    You can start a sentence with the word "being", but this isn't a full sentence, it's a phrase and you need to complete it. Being in Boston tomorrow, I could buy you some Bog Frogs. However, I'm not a fan of using "being" at the start of a sentence, so IMHO it would be better to write / say:- As I am in Boston tomorrow, I could buy you some Bog Frogs. PS - Bog Frogs are chocolates with cranberries in them. They are delicious. :)
    Category: Grammar
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  314. Which is correct, "I wish I would have known" or "I wish I would of known"?
    I speak British English, so I would say:- I wish I had known. This is so American, and I think they do say things like "I wish I would have", but I suspect that even in AmE it relaxes the rules of grammar a bit.
    Category: Grammar
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  315. IS it You and me are perfect together? OR You and I are perfect together? -------------------- Should I say:- You and me are perfect together? or You and I are perfect together?
    If you insist on writing it this way, "You and I are perfect together." Think of it this way:- You are perfect. I am perfect. You would never say:- Me am perfect. or Us are perfect. I would write:- We are perfect together. You can learn more about pronouns here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/pronountext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  316. we wear colourful clothes in birthday party.or we wear colourful clothes for birthday party.which sentence is correct?
    Neither. We wear colourful clothes at birthday parties. (It's what we do if and when we go to a party.) We wore colourful clothes at the birthday party. (It's what we wore for a particular party.)
    Category: Grammar
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  317. Is the statement "Now Open Saturdays" grammaticallyy correct
    It's what I'd call "English in ads". You might see it on a poster, or bill board. It wouldn't be "correct" in a business letter or report.
    Category: Grammar
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  318. We two, two us or the two of us: what's the correct form?
    The two of us. http://youtu.be/jEy6MGu3bIA
    Category: Grammar
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  319. Which article is used in sentence 'I am I.A.S. officer'. A or An?
    an I am an I.A.S officer. Even FBI. I am an FBI officer. But I am a BBC reporter. Can you figure out why? http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/articlestext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  320. Why is it ok to sat The united states of america or The United arab emirates or The United kingdom and not The china or the canada ________________________ Why is it OK to say, The United States of America or The United Arab Emirates or The United Kingdom and not the china or the canada.
    Look what they have in common - States - Emirates - Kingdom. You could say "The Kingdom of China". http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/articlestext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  321. which is correct? She is a friend of Mary, or she is a friend of Mary's? -------------------- Which is correct? She is a friend of Mary, or she is a friend of Mary's?
    "She is a friend of Mary's." "She is Mary's friend." You probably think it's weird, because you would also say:- "She is a friend of mine." but "She is my friend." However, if a phrase begins with the preposition "of" and is followed by an instance of possession, and the possesor is a person then the apostrophe is used. It's called "a double possessive." Now, the fun of English grammar is that there are always exceptions to every rule, and the double possessive doesn’t always work, which is why it's more important to develop a feel for the language, rather than to learn all the rules. Sources: The New Fowler's Modern English Usage Harbrace Handbook
    Category: Grammar
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  322. my teacher asked my class mate that is she indian ,she said yes i am, then he asked me what did she say? i said that: "she said that she is indian but teacher said she was indain is the correct sentence plz tell me which one is right teachers sentence or mine...... ---------------- My teacher asked my class mate if she is Indian, she said yes I am, then he asked me what did she say? I said that: "she said that she is indian but teacher said she was Indian is the correct sentence plz tell me which one is right teachers sentence or mine......
    This is simply the difference between reported speech and direct speech. This is how I imagine it went:- Teacher to your friend: "Are you Indian?" Friend: "Yes I am." Teacher to you: What did your friend just say. You: She said she was Indian. (reported speech) or You could have said "She said, 'I am Indian'." (direct speech) Read this, and then come and play around with it on the forum:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/reportedspeech.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  323. consider you are in a office for following a request and your request is approved, in this condition the officer says you "your request is approved" what's the difference between this and "your request has been approved" or "your request will be approved"? the mean of sentence "your request is approved" is present continuous and since approve is a stative verb we can not use it in progressive mode or it means in present simple? If you could help me I would greatly appreciate it, thank you so much in advance ------------------- Consider this, you are in an office to follow up a request and your request is approved, in this case the office worker says to you "your request is approved" what's the difference between this and "your request has been approved" or "your request will be approved"? The meaning of the sentence "your request is approved" is present continuous and since approve is a stative verb we cannot use it in the progressive mode or does it use the present simple? If you could help me I would greatly appreciate it, thank you so much in advance.
    First - "Your request will be approved" = a promise. It hasn't been approved yet, but it will be in the future, you're not ecstatic, but you will just have to wait. "Your request has been approved" = you have what you wanted, you're happy. "Your request is approved" = present simple. The grammar is a bit iffy and formal - still you have what you wanted, so you're happy. "Your request is being approved" = present continuous - you haven't got the approval yet, but the process is taking place now, so you're happy, but impatient.
    Category: Grammar
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  324. Hi Dear could you explain how i can change helpful to superlative adj. I think helpful has 2 syllables so the superlative is : the helpfullest? or the most helpful?
    2 syllables - help + ful. The most helpful. You can even say to someone, "Thank you, you have been most helpful." :)
    Category: Grammar
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  325. Does this sentences correct? The weather is well this weekend ----------------------- Is this sentence correct? The weather is well this weekend.
    The weather can't be ill, so it can't be well. The weather can be bad, so it can also be good. The weather is good this weekend.
    Category: Grammar
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  326. i want to know where can we put the word "every time " in a formal sentence ? and is it correct to say :" every time the weather is capable of changing"?
    Firstly - It's two words. I don't want to be pedantic, but it's two words. Secondly - It's used in the present tense because it expresses a regular occurrence. Thirdly it means "whenever". So you would say something like "Every time I want to go on a picnic, the weather changes." It can start a sentence and can also act as a conjunction:- The weather changes every time I want to go on a picnic. I think in your example you were trying to say something like, "The weather is capable of changing at any time."
    Category: Grammar
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  327. Can you explain to me the difference between the possessive adjective and personal pronouns? forms and usage? Thanks
    Have a look at the examples here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/pronounpersonal.htm and here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/adjectiveposs.htm Not to be confused with possessive pronouns:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/pronounpossessive.htm The best way to learn form and usage is to use them. Try joining us on the forum and play around with telling us about the things you own. :) The Home and Family section is a good one for that:- http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/forums/215/Home-and-Family
    Category: Grammar
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  328. what tense should we use in the would clause of second conditional?e.g. If she asked me about her dress,I would say it....... ----------------------------- "hat tense should we use in the "would clause" using the second conditional? e.g. If she asked me about her dress,I would say it.......
    For your example I wouldn't use conditional II. You could say something like:- "If she ever asked me about her dress sense, I would tell her she hasn't got any." Maybe you mean something like:- "If she had asked me about her dress, I would have told her not to buy it." This is the 3rd conditional. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditionaltext.htm To be honest, the only way you will get a feeling for this is by practising it, not by learning the rules, so why not join us on the forum? :)
    Category: Grammar
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  329. can you change these sentance to indirect speech. How long have you been back? Why did you come back? Are you glad to be back? ----------------------- Can you change these sentences to indirect speech. How long have you been back? Why did you come back? Are you glad to be back?
    I can, but the real question is - Can you? Come onto the forum, tell us what you think the answers should be.
    Category: Grammar
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  330. A SENTENCE WHERE 2 BECAUSE COME TOGETHER? (SDFSD BECAUSE BECAUSE MMMM) LIKE THAT... -------------------- Could you give me an example of a sentence where 2 instances of "because" are written together: ie because because.
    Well apart from Elvis: http://youtu.be/i4IUE921omw you wouldn't. Because is a conjunction, the only time you might see it is if someone wrote about why because is used the way it is. We say this because 'because' is a conjuction. Or maybe if you are a little angry with someone. Mums often say:- Because? Because I said so! But that's not one sentence. If you can think of any other examples, feel free to post them on the forum. BTW - no need to shout (all capitals is shouting).
    Category: Grammar
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  331. Dear Ellie what can I say in this situation? e.g. a friend buys a new dress and asks my idea about it and I don't like it. in second conditional sentence I should say if she asked me about her dress,I would say it's not beautiful or I would say it wasn't beautiful which one is correct? -------------------------- Dear Ellie what can I say in this situation? e.g. A friend buys a new dress and asks my opinion, but I don't like it. In a second conditional sentence what should I say if she asks me about her dress. Would I say it's not beautiful, or it wasn't beautiful which one is correct?
    Wow! Sometimes I wonder where you guys get these ideas from! If your friend asked you in the second conditional, she would say something like:- "If I asked your opinion of this dress, what would you say?" You could reply something along the lines of:- "If you asked me, I would have to tell you that it's not beautiful enough for you." But let's face it, people don't talk like that in real life. (In the New Year we will be doing some shopping role play in Kitely. Why don't you come and join us - see the calendar.)
    Category: Grammar
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  332. I am confused by these sentences: 1. Over the years they were able to watch her grow up into a beautiful child, with long fair hair. The witch called her Rapunzel after the plant her father had come to take. (Why grow up but not grew up?) 2.The prince saw the witch climb up the hair and disappear through the window.(Why climb up but not climbed up?) Thanks.
    Count the number of subject pronouns... They watched her as she grew up... They were able to watch her grow up... The prince saw her climb ... He watched as she climbed ... Got it?
    Category: Grammar
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  333. error spotting: 1)we shall go on next Friday. what is the error here? --------------- Error spotting: 1) We shall go on next Friday. What is the error here?
    There is no error. "To go on" vs "To go". We shall go next Friday. = We shall visit a place next Friday. We shall go on next Friday. = We shall continue next Friday.
    Category: Grammar
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  334. why is give him him book is not correct --------------- Why is give him him book not correct?
    It might not be correct because it's his book and maybe you shouldn't have it. Grammatically:- The book belongs to him. It is his book. Give him his book back now. Start getting a feel for the language, stop worrying about the rules.
    Category: Grammar
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  335. what are the rules of using if? i think that there are 3 rules of if? -------------------- What are the rules for using if? I think that there are 3 rules.
    You are probably asking about the conditional. There are more than 3 rules for using "if" in sentences. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditionaltext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  336. Correct the sentence. He comes to his office lately
    He's always late. Lately he has been late every day. http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/topic/12720/Dont-mix-a-word-up-with-another#.UNV6yG_O0f4
    Category: Grammar
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  337. Dear Ellie after each of you and one of you the verb should be singular or plural? E.g. One of you asks and the other one answers or one of you ask? Also after each of you,we say each of you have a card or has a card?
    In English the verb should agree with the subject, so the correct verb would be the singular "asks". One of you asks and the other one answers. For "Each of you ..." the subject here is "each", which is a singular noun. Think of it like "Each one of you ..." "Have" is plural, but of course we say: we / you / they have, which is why you will see "Each of you have...", all over the place, but here "of you" is a prepositional phrase and not part of the subject. You can't argue with:- There are seven people in the room and each person has a card. So:- "Each of you has a card."
    Category: Grammar
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  338. How can I say I am not the one who cook it -------------------------- How can I say I am not the one who cooked it?
    I didn't cook it.
    Category: Grammar
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  339. "we have been being struggling to set our country free." What kind of tense do we have in this sentence and is it formal or not?
    You would say, "We have been struggling to set our country free," and it is the present perfect continuous. It implies you're still struggling. It's neither formal nor informal.
    Category: Grammar
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  340. what is the modifier in sentence while i was waiting for john , i met another old friend. ------------ What is the modifier in this sentence? While I was waiting for John, I met another old friend.
    The adjective old modifies the noun friend. Poor old sentences, getting chopped into little bits. It would be much better to just practise writing meaningful sentences.
    Category: Grammar
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  341. what are the objects you see in the sky? or what are the objects that you seein the sky? which of these sentences are correct --------------------------- What are the objects you see in the sky? What are the objects that you see in the sky? Which of these sentences are correct?
    To that or not to that, that is the question. If the meaning of the sentence is still clear, you can leave it out. So, it's up to you. There are times when it has to remain, such as:- Which is the one that needs correcting? All that glitters is not gold.
    Category: Grammar
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  342. What is the difference between "I have seen him 1o minutes ago" and I saw him 10 minutes ago"
    One is right, and the other is wrong. "I saw him 10 minutes ago", is correct. The other one is wrong. Why? Because you mentioned "10 minutes ago". "I have seen him. He was there about 10 minutes ago." http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson48/Lesson48.html Really the only way to learn how to get to grips with this is to use it, until it feels natural. Have a look at some examples and corrections on the forum:- http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/forums/244/Lets-Practise
    Category: Grammar
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  343. Hi, I have a question in regards to using, " pretty beautiful" together in a sentence. Is there a term for using an adjective that has a double meaning, or is this not allowed grammatically?
    There is a difference between pretty as an adjective and pretty as an adverb. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/adjectivetext.htm http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/adverbtext.htm Here pretty is working as a modifying adverb, and diluting the word beautiful. As in - The pain was pretty awful. Pretty as an adjective = lovely - fair - attractive Pretty as an adverb = quite - rather - fairly - plenty - sufficiently This is a good example of why you need to develop a feel for the language, and not just the rules.
    Category: Grammar
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  344. she was married with a doctor.. Is it correct?
    It depends, but if she married the doctor you would say:- She was married to a doctor. or She married a doctor.
    Category: Grammar
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  345. Which type of nouns are these words? football, carrots, wine, mineral water common or proper nouns
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/nouncommon.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  346. Which is correct? fish live in water or fish lives in water
    Fish in general = Fish live in water. A particular fish = Nemo lives in water.
    Category: Grammar
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  347. "Tha match have been stopped due to rain." Is this correct.? I think In present perfect tense "ING" is used with verb. STOPPING PLZ HELP ME.
    Imagine this - you are at a football match, waiting for a friend. When it starts to rain heavily, and they announce that they are going to stop the match. You: Oh no! They're stopping the match, just because it's raining. The wusses! You phone your friend: Don't bother coming they've stopped the match due to rain. The next day you tell your friend: It's such a shame they stopped the match.
    Category: Grammar
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  348. i have this sentence and i want to know what its function . [ If we pass our exam, we'll go to London ] . Reply as soon as possible . Please Thank you :)
    You're making a promise to yourself. If it's the grammar you're interested in, it's a conditional sentence:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditionaltext.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  349. sir,which sentence is gramatically correct-i am going home or i am going to home and why? ------------------ Which sentence is grammatically correct- I am going home or I am going to home and why?
    I am going home. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tenseprescontfut.htm I am going to go home. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensefuture.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  350. Is there any mistake in the following sentence: Are your friends studying English also?
    Try to avoid putting 'also' at the end of a sentence, that's usually reserved for "too". Also usually goes in front of the main verb in a sentence. I would write:- Are your friends also studying English? or Are your friends studying English too? !Note - It goes after the verb “to be” or any auxiliary or modal verb. Lynne runs a couple of websites, she is also a qualified ESL teacher. If you ask a sensible question she will also give you an answer.
    Category: Grammar
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  351. how use the tenses How to use the tenses?
    Have a look at the lessons:- http://www.learn-english-online.org/ Practise on the forum.
    Category: Grammar
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  352. how do we make a tag question with must and may for instance i may go i must eat ------------ How do we form a tag question with must and may? For instance, "I may go", "I must eat".
    These are "awkward" ones. May simply isn't used to form tag questions, because "mayn't" is just horrible. If you are asking for permission to leave, you could say, "I can go, can't I?" We also tend to avoid using "must" in this way too, but when we do use it with the idea of obligation we use mustn't to form the tag question If you insist on using your example:- "I must eat, mustn't I?" It would be more natural to ask:- I need to eat, don't I? http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tagquestions.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  353. i can't understand direct and indirect speech when i read it so please help me ------------------- I can't understand direct and indirect speech.
    Read this: http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/reportedspeech.htm Then look here: http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/topic/14480/Reported-Speech If you want to practise, join the forum and ask Lynne Hand to allow you to reply to the topic.
    Category: Grammar
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  354. Is this sentence grammatically correct? "Grandma lets me do it". If so, what makes the plural of lets correct. I think it is the same reason that I can use the word "makes" in the sentence just previous to this one. Thank you.
    I think you are confused: "lets" here is not a noun, so it's not plural. It's a verb "to let" as in "to allow". She allows me to do it. / She lets me do it. = I have permission. She makes me do it. = I have no choice. I have to do it.
    Category: Grammar
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  355. is this sentence correct ? I hope you to be successful. ------------------------- Is this sentence correct ? I hope you to be successful.
    I hope you will be successful. http://learn-english-online.org/Lesson39/Lesson39.htm hope vs wish - http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/topic/5290/Hope-and-Wish
    Category: Grammar
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  356. What's the tag of ' she as well as her friends enjoyed the show, '?
    "She, as well as her friends, enjoyed the show didn't she?" Think of it as:- "She enjoyed the show, as well as her friends, didn't she?" Whereas :- "She and her friends enjoyed the show, didn't they?"
    Category: Grammar
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  357. my question is What do we call the usage of noun as verb? For example "phone me" or "keyboard this letter." In both the sentences the word phone and keyboard in actual are noun by nature but they have been used as pure verbs action words in the sentences. Do we have any grammatical term for such a special use of noun as verb. We already have terms like gerund-verb as noun and infinitive verb as adjective.
    Hmm - well I would never say "keyboard this letter", maybe you mean, "enter this letter" or "press this letter" or simply "press A". Whatever words you choose this is the imperative. (Giving orders.) http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/moodimperative.html
    Category: Grammar
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  358. some of us went to play cricket ? question tag
    It sounds as if you have a bad memory. Usually you wouldn't need a question tag for something you have done. Some of you went to play cricket, didn't you? Some of them went to play cricket, didn't they? And if you insist on an attack of amnesia:- Some of us went to play cricket, didn't we?
    Category: Grammar
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  359. Which is correct? My child is an honor student or My child is a honor student.
    My child in an honours student. We don't pronounce the "h", so it takes the article "an". The same for "an hour". PS - honors is AmE spelling, honours is BrE spelling.
    Category: Grammar
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  360. which is correct and why?: I came to Canada in 19-- I came in Canada in 19-- -------------- Which is correct and why?
    I came to Canada in 19.. I arrived in Canada in 19.. You simply need to learn which prepositions go with which verbs to express what you mean. The wrong preposition can give the wrong meaning.
    Category: Grammar
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  361. how to learn grammar easily? ---------------- How can I learn grammar easily?
    Don't try to learn it, just get a feeling for it. Failing that there are some great sites, books, videos out there on the internet. The basics of grammar are pretty easy, but then they turn into a quagmire and there are far better things to spend your learning time on. Talking with people for example. http://www.learnenglish.de/ImproveEnglish/improvegrammarpage.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  362. What is wrong with the following questions: 1. I'm going to the cinema at least once a week. 2. I used to see that film for the first time 2 years ago.
    1 - at least once a week is a regular occurrence, so you need the present simple. http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson14/Lesson14.htm 2 - 2 years ago is a point in time in the past, so you need the past simple. http://www.learn-english-online.org/Lesson29/Lesson29.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  363. Which is correct? You and I are going to the party OR You and me are going to the party
    I am going to the party. You are going to the party. We are going to the party. You and I are going to the party. It's all about whether you are the subject or the object of the sentence. He would like to invite me to the party. He would like to invite you to the party. He would like to invite us to the party. He would like to invite you and me to the party.
    Category: Grammar
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  364. please check my preposition in the following sentence:- I will talk to him at the lunch. ------------------- Please check my use of the preposition "at" n the following sentence:- I will talk to him at the lunch.
    Your proposition is fine, but your article might not be needed. If it's a "normal" lunch: "I will talk to him at lunch." If it's a "special" lunch: "I will talk to him at the lunch."
    Category: Grammar
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  365. In spoken english what is the difference did you take ? Or have you taken? For me is the same. Is that icorrect? --------------------------------- In spoken English what is the difference between did you take and have you taken? For me they are the same. Is that correct?
    It depends on the context. Yes, I know - context context context. I'm like a stuck record. 1. Did you take the money? 2. Have you taken the money? 1 is more an accusation. 2 is more checking that you have taken the money you should have. 1. Did you take your medicine? 2. Have you taken your medicine? Pretty much the same meaning.
    Category: Grammar
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  366. I have a Brother whom my friend does not know. Or, I have a brother which my friend does not know. Is it grammatically Correct to say it both ways?
    That or who(m) for people, not which. That or which for things, not people. It would be more natural to say, I have a brother, but my friend has never met him.
    Category: Grammar
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  367. dear sir, my question is "My friend ,go to a doctor.and "My friend should go to a doctor."both sentence are statement or command.kindly tell me. Thanks Debasis ---------------------- Dear Ellie, My question is "My friend ,go to a doctor. and "My friend should go to a doctor. Both sentences are statements or commands. Kindly tell me. Thanks Debasis
    My friend has gone to see a doctor. My friend went to see a doctor. My friend goes to see a doctor every week. In all the above your friend is seeing a doctor, so they are statements. My friend should go to see a doctor. In the above sentence you are worried about your friend, because he hasn't been to see a doctor, and you think he ought to do so, but it is not a command, it is still a statement. A command would be "Hey! Friend! Go and see a doctor, now!"
    Category: Grammar
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  368. identify the tense in this sentence .so far i have visited only two of fourty countries ------------------ Could you identify the tense in this sentence, for me? Thank you.
    "So far I have only visited two of the forty countries that were recommended to me." http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm
    Category: Grammar
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  369. What's the difference between "would" and "would have"?
    Would is a modal verb, with all its own rules and regulations:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbmodal.htm Would have can be used as the past tense of will have. "I looked at the clock and realised hubby would have already set off for the airport." You can also use would have in a conditional sentence to talk about something that did not happen:- "I would have bought you a cake, but I ran out of money."
    Category: Grammar
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  370. my questions is : when to use did and done.....like is it correct to say ' after all i have done" or is it incorrect" ------------------ My question is : when to use did and done. Is it correct to say '... after all I have done' or is it incorrect?
    You can say, "After all I have done for you." or "After all I did for you." It depends, as ever, on context.
    Category: Grammar
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  371. Is it proper to say "I ate the food that was made for me". Is it a double negative to say "was made"?
    You can say it. A double negative is "I never ate no food".
    Category: Grammar
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  372. Is this sentence right or wrong? I wish everyone were as smart as us!
    In British English you can say either:- I wish everyone were as smart as us! or I wish everyone were as smart as we are!
    Category: Grammar
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  373. I keep getting confused as to which form I should use. He and I came to the wedding? He and me went to the wedding? Or at the end of a sentence like We were trying to find him Jason and Me.
    I went to the wedding. He went to the wedding. He and I went to the wedding. We went to the wedding. Jason and I were trying to find him. We were trying to find him, Jason and I. You are probably over thinking this, just try to develop a feeling for what is correct. Come to the forum, and we will help you. http://learnenglishonline.yuku.com/
    Category: Grammar
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  374. what vs which, When do you use "when" and when do you use "what"? What is your favourite animal, or which is your favourite animal? ----------------- I think you mean:- what vs which When do you use "which" and when do you use "what"? What is your favourite animal, or which is your favourite animal?
    When is time. Which is from a limited choice. What can be used in a mixture of questions. What time is it Mr Wolf? What is you favourite colour? What have you done? http://www.learnenglish.de/mistakes/whichvswhat.html
    Category: Grammar
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  375. What does mean by, ''I will not be surprised if this were an answer to my question.'' In which situation we could use it?
    This is written using the conditional. It does what it says on the tin. The person who wrote it is pretty certain their question has been answered. It should say:- I will not be surprised if this is an answer to my question. or I would not be surprised if this were an answer to my question. You can read more about the whys and wherefores here:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditionaltext.html
    Category: Grammar
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  376. Is there an instance, however limited, of acceptable or formal grammar that the pronoun "who" could be used in the subjective or nominative case within a clause or sentence? If yes, could you give examples. Many thanks.
    http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/casesubnom.html If people argue with you you could use the following example, which has been around since year 0:- Let he who is without sin cast the first stone.
    Category: Grammar
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  377. Generally speaking,we receive what we deserve. Tell whether it is present or past participle
    The sentence is written in the present simple tense. Generally speaking is an adverbial phrase. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/adverbialtext.html PS - It would be more "natural" to say "... we get what we deserve."
    Category: Grammar
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  378. negative sentence of ''He writes a letter''
    He is writing a letter. >< He isn't writing a letter. He often writes letters. / He writes a letter every day. >< He never writes letters.
    Category: Grammar
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  379. Is the sentence correct ? A pen was given to me by my father.
    Grammar fine, but you wouldn't write this in the passive voice, it's too personal. My father gave me a pen. However, you could write:- This pen was given to me by my father. The relationship to what you are talking about makes all the difference.
    Category: Grammar
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  380. Whom do you stay with ? is this sentence right or wrong
    With whom are you staying? Whom is getting a bit old-fashioned, so you'd be more likely to hear:- Who are you staying with? http://www.learnenglish.de/mistakes/whovswhom.html
    Category: Grammar
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  381. irene does have a weapon or irene do have a weapon
    If you are arguing with someone, "Irene does have a weapon." If you are simply stating the fact, "Irene has a weapon."
    Category: Grammar
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  382. Can I say: I'm wanting to find out? or That is what I'm wanting to find out?
    "To want" is a stative verb:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbstative.html You would say, "I want to find out." You could say, "I'm dying to find out."
    Category: Grammar
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  383. Which is correct if I am saying - Where he used to work or is it - Where is use to work? -------------------------- Which is correct? Where he used to work? or Where is use to work?
    If you are asking the question, you would say: Where did he used to work? http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/usedtotext.html
    Category: Grammar
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  384. What is the verb or verbs in the sentence:" My mom and I were cooking and watching a movie." I know that "were" is the "helping verb", but are the words "cooking" and "watching" verbs or gerunds?
    They are verbs. Try reading this:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/gerundinftext.html Cooking and watching both describe an action, each is a doing word = it's a verb.
    Category: Grammar
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  385. when do you use 'characterised by' and when 'characterised as'? thank you :) ---------------------------- When do you use 'characterised by' and when 'characterised as'? Thank you.
    Characterised by: This region is characterised by its dikes and canals. Characterised as: Fair trade is characterized as operating both within and against the free market economy. Swap them round:- This region is characterised as an area of dikes and canals. Fair trade is characterized by the way it operates both within and against the free market economy.
    Category: Grammar
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  386. student asks:- I'd like some informations on your courses..... How do i explain the correction of informations???
    Information is uncountable. You can't rip it in half, so it's uncountable. (Is this a German student?) ;)
    Category: Grammar
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  387. when the school bell rang the children left the classroom (what are the subordinating conjunction in that sentence)
    Try rewriting it:- The children left the classroom when the school bell rang. (It should be clear now.) http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conjunctionsubordinating.html
    Category: Grammar
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  388. Prices have increaed during the last 2 years
    Prices have increased over the last 2 years. But not on the Network, which has been free for the last 15 years. ;)
    Category: Grammar
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  389. To verify grammetical error and explaination in this sentence"you be everything to me".
    You are everything ... http://youtu.be/ZILgIoNIDT8 http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtobe.html
    Category: Grammar
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  390. I'm confused about conditionals. Thank you.
    Read this:- http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/conditionaltext.html Do the tests. Then feel free to join the Let's Practise section on the forum to practise. http://learn-english-forum.org/categories/practise_English
    Category: Grammar
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  391. Hi, Elli.Should I use "opens" or "is opening" in this sentence: The art exhibition on the 3rd of May. Thank you
    Either would do. but you would be more likely to see the first on a poster, and hear the second from a friend.
    Category: Grammar
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  392. Which one is correct(a)they usually does that or(b)they usually do that.
    ... they usually do that ... http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtodo.html
    Category: Grammar
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  393. How you can use correctly the preposition at, on , in? Could you give examples please ------------------------------- How can I use the prepositions at, on, in correctly? Could you give me some examples, please?
    Keep calm, and explore the Network. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/prepositiontext.html There are lots of examples, and in the lessons, you can practice them. http://www.learn-english-online.org/
    Category: Grammar
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